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Presentatie Maarit Kahila - Maptionnaire inspiratiesessie Houten - 7 december 2017

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Maarit Kahila, CEO van Mapita, geeft een introductie Maptionnaire

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Presentatie Maarit Kahila - Maptionnaire inspiratiesessie Houten - 7 december 2017

  1. 1. Reshaping the planning process using local experiences: Utilising PPGIS in participatory urban planning Maarit Kahila-Tani Postdoctoral Researcher Aalto University Co-founder, development director Mapita Ltd
  2. 2. Identified knots in participatory planning ONLY HANDFUL OF PEOPLE PARTICIPATE TIMING OF PARTICIPATION TOO LATE CONCENTRATION ON RESISTING CHANGES NON- INFLUENTIAL PARTICIPATION DEMANDING PARTICIPATION PROCESS COLLECTED DATA REMAINS INVISIBLE
  3. 3. Environments and spaces How to make them livable and flourishing? IconmadebyFreepikfromwww.flaticon.com
  4. 4. Crowdsourced citizen insight creates good-quality data
  5. 5. From 2005 onwards: The ‘soft’ GIS adding new ’soft’ layers with the help of Internet-based method into the Geographic Information System Developing a GIS-based method for studying the environmental experiences locality-based ”This is a good way to map the feelings of people. You have time to think about your answers. I hope to see theresultsinthefuture.”
  6. 6. Examples of PPGIS projects in different themes and scales
  7. 7. PLACE-BASED RESEARCH NEW PARTICIPATORY PLANNING APPROACH The analysis of ”soft” geographical information together with ”hard” GIS knowledge Linking the user knowledge to planning and design solutions PPGIS as research and participatory tool OVER 330 PPGIS PROJECTS OVER 140 PPGIS PROJECTS
  8. 8. Maptionnaire in a nutshell Design your platform with Maptionnaire custom survey builder in a cloud Analyse online or export your data - create quickly high quality analyses and visualizations Collect data with phones, laptops and tablets
  9. 9. Examples from here and there “To be able to map the most loved coastal areas and their diverse uses is an amazing new possibility. We can combine large-scale areal analysis with subtle local knowledge and qualitative knowledge to the structural characteristics of the place. This leads to new interpretations.”
  10. 10. Project topics among the planning and design cases using PPGIS methodology (N 203 survey projects)
  11. 11. Planning phases where PPGIS methodology has been used
  12. 12. Visualising future structure on a map, San Jose
  13. 13. Discussing the best places -community strategy building
  14. 14. Detailed and park planning, Södra Värtan, Stockholm
  15. 15. Engaging and introducing the new development sites in a city, Stockholm
  16. 16. Participative traffic planning
  17. 17. Perceptive evaluations of indoor spaces, Aalto University
  18. 18. Share and learn – foster collaborative, more influential participation Large data volume with little effort PROS 1. 2. 3. Problems regarding digitalization CONS Ineffective planning practices 1. 2. 3. High quality and usable knowledge Problems regarding data quality
  19. 19. Data volume + Facilitating inclusiveness: reaching wider groups of people and new resident groups + Fostering individual participation + Making it easy: quicker way to organize participation + Accessibility: from mobile devices to desktops
  20. 20. High quality and usable knowledge +  Knowledge in a visible format increases the value of the citizen input +  Place-based data is easy to integrate to existing systems +  Possibility to increase data quality by randomising +  Reveales residents’ conflicting viewpoints of the planning topic +  Versatile information: from scientific to comment-data +  Quantitative and qualitative data The markers on the map emphasize well the insight from the residents, for example the city boulevards and the conflict areas emerge clearly. (Planner 2)
  21. 21. Foster collaboration – share and learn + Data transferability, connectivity and compression + Increases the transparency inside city organization + Visual communication with large and small audience (e.g. big room) + PPSS – more established Participatory Planning Support System + Early phase participation (initiation and formulation) It is essential that we have been able to offer a participation channel also for those residents who would be otherwise difficult to persuade to other participation venues or workshops. Now the challenge is to prove the influence of the survey. (Planner 4)
  22. 22. Case Helsinki: Further data processing in workshops -  4 workshops in February 2015 -  Over 100 participants -  PPGIS data available
  23. 23. Problems regarding data quality -  Geographical and socio-economical representativeness -  Cherry picking - missuse of data to support e.g. the existing presumptions -  User privacy – recognition of individual respondents -  Data manipulation -  Not competent analysis skills
  24. 24. -  Digital divide -  Technology stress -  Methodological challenges -  Digital methods are not enough - the data needs to be processed deliberatively further Problems regarding digitalization
  25. 25. Ineffective planning practises -  Meaningful participation – avoid playing with the participants -  Challenges in integrating the data to the practice -  Demand towards co-created surveys and co-analysed data sets -  Continuation of top-down participation? -  Costs
  26. 26. Digitalisazion creates new possibilities for using more efficient and enjoyable participation •  Social media platforms •  Gaming •  Online dialogues •  Texting apps •  Videos •  Blogs •  Creative websites •  Electronic polling •  Collaborative budgeting •  Virtual meetings
  27. 27. How to make most out of cooperation – Diverge & Converge Discover Define Deliver
  28. 28. “By far the greatest and most admirable form of wisdom is that needed to plan and beautify cities and human communities.” -Socrates … and the best way to reach that wisdom is to involve citizens themselves. -Mapita

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