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Biopsychosocial development

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Where does behavior come from? And how do these origins shape our understanding of "good" and "bad" behavior? These slides review the theoretical and empircal studies relevant to understanding the biopsychosocial origins of behavior.

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Biopsychosocial development

  1. 1. SFU BEHAVIOR THE ORIGINS OF HUMAN SFU
  2. 2. OBJECTIVES Describe processes by which brain function impacts behavior. 1 Understand key theories related to self-construal and behavior. 2 Explain the relationship between self-construal and behavior. 3
  3. 3. • TopHat Join Code: 274049 • Developmental Theories • Brain Structure • Neural Anatomy • Behaviorist Theories • ADHD • Developmental Theories • Culture/System Theories OUTLINE
  4. 4. Super Ego Id Ego
  5. 5. Erikson argues outlines a series of conflicts that he argues Q.shapes our life experience. What do you think of these conflicts? Are there any you would revise? Trust vs. Mistrust Autonomy vs. Shame Initiative vs. Guilt Industry vs. Inferiority Identity vs. Role Confusion Intimacy vs. Isolation Generativity vs. Stagnation Ego integrity vs. Despair
  6. 6. Sensorimotor Preoperational Concrete Operations Formal Operations 1 2 3 4
  7. 7. Out of Reach Can Learn Has Learned
  8. 8. How do the theories described so far relate to your Q.readings about attachment and parenting? In answering this question, please identify specific quotes from the reading and link them to what has been discussed so far.
  9. 9. What does the brain do? Parietal Lobe Occipital Lobe Cerebellum Orbital Medial Prefrontal Cortex Ventromedial Prefrontal Cortex Dorsomedial Prefrontal Cortex Anterior Cingulate Cortex Hypothalamus Pituitary Thalamus Amygdala Nucleus accumbens Temporoparietal Junction Hippocampus
  10. 10. How does the brain work?
  11. 11. In your own words, explain how neurons talk to each other and give rise to brain function… Dendrites Nucleus Axon Terminal Myelin Sheath Soma Nodes of Ranvier Schwann Cell “Glia” Axon + + Axon Hillock 15,000 -65 mV Na+ Cl- Ca2+ K+ A - What does the brain do?
  12. 12. How does the brain work? Parietal Lobe Occipital Lobe Cerebellum Orbital Medial Prefrontal Cortex Ventromedial Prefrontal Cortex Dorsomedial Prefrontal Cortex Anterior Cingulate Cortex Hypothalamus Pituitary Thalamus Amygdala Nucleus accumbens Temporoparietal Junction Hippocampus
  13. 13. How does the brain work? Frontal Cortex Nucleus Accumbens Supplementary Motor Cortex Parietal Cortex Thalmus Basal Ganglia Cerebellum Attentional Network Executive Function Fronto-Cerebellar network Reward Network Fronto-Striatal Network
  14. 14. B
  15. 15. If the brain really is as impactful as impactful on our behavior as neurologists seem to suggest it is, What are the implications for public health? Q. criminal justice? welfare reform? parenting?
  16. 16. ADHD Conduct (10%) Oppositional Disorder (40-50%) Anxiety Disorder (35%)Mood Disorder (5-25%) Does ADHD have a neurological basis?
  17. 17. Does ADHD have a neurological basis? • Inattention • Careless • Difficulty sustaining attention • Doesn’t listen • No follow through • Can’t Organize • Avoids/dislikes tasks requiring mental effort • Loses important items • Easily Distracted • Forgetful in Daily Activities • Hyperactivity • Squirms and fidgets • Can’t stay seated • Runs/climbs excessively • Can’t play/work quietly • “On the go” / “Driven by a motor” • Talks excessively • Attentiveness • Blurts out answers • Can’t wait turn • Intrudes/Interrupts others DSM-IV Criteria

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