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DBI World Conference 2019 - Researching tactile signed conversations

DBI World Conference 2019
Accessibility stream: Concurrent session 5E
Presenter: Dr Meredith Bartlett
Topic: Researching tactile signed conversations

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DBI World Conference 2019 - Researching tactile signed conversations

  1. 1. Researching Tactile Signed Language: Non-visual Strategies in Touch Communication Meredith Bartlett, Louisa Willoughby, Shimako Iwasaki, Howard Manns Monash University
  2. 2. Handshape Orientation LocationMovement Non- manual features
  3. 3. Handshape Orientation LocationMovement Non- manual features Non-lexical communication
  4. 4. Handshape Orientation LocationMovement Non- manual features Non-lexical communication Environmental cues
  5. 5. Handshape Orientation LocationMovement Non- manual features Non-lexical communication Environmental cues
  6. 6. Research on tactile signing around the world
  7. 7. Tactile ASL research Karen Petronio & Terra Edwards More research has been done on tactile ASL than any other tactile sign language Research began in the early 1990s – several small-scale studies (Reed et al 1995, Haas et al 1995)
  8. 8. Sweden Johanna Mesch (Stockholm University) has worked for many years on tactile Swedish and Finnish sign languages Major focus: turn-taking and repair
  9. 9. Norway Eli Raanes and Sigrid Slettebakk Berge (Norwegian University of Science and Technology) have worked extensively on tactile Norwegian signing, and collaborates with Mesch Raanes’ PhD gives full description of NTNS Recent work looks at deafblind communication in meetings – not just tactile signers, but people with a range of communication styles
  10. 10. What we know Around the world, tactile signers: Use hand taps and squeezes to give feedback to their interlocutor Have constrained signing space Co-form signs on/ with their interlocutors body Manage turn-taking seamlessly (but how?)
  11. 11. What we don’t know How much variation is there in the way different people/ communities use tactile sign languages? How do tactile signers show their stance towards an event/ story without cues like facial expression? What strategies do deafblind signers use to try to minimise misunderstandings? Which are most effective?
  12. 12. Our research Australian Research Council funded project 3 years (2016-18) Data collection now complete Approx 10 hours of recordings from 19 different deafblind people Transcription and analysis ongoing Focus is mainly on conversation between two deafblind people, but a small number of deafblind-deaf or interpreted interactions also recorded
  13. 13. The team Monash Chief investigators: Louisa Willoughby Shimako Iwasaki Howard Manns Partner investigators: Mayumi Bono (NII, Japan) David McKee (Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand)
  14. 14. Meredith Bartlett Dennis Witcombe Thanks to Heather Lawson for the time she has given to be our consultant for this research. 14 Project staff
  15. 15. Project aims 1. Create a transcribed corpus of Tactile Auslan 2. Document major features of the language 3. Comment on internal variation within the language 4. Develop/ build on CA techniques and insights for analysing tactile signing 5. Use insights from 1-4 to train interpreters/ support workers etc to better communicate with Tactile Auslan users
  16. 16. Current research strands 1. Turn-taking - Looking at some examples of this today 2. Humour 3. Politeness/stance Turntaking – natural, fast, with simultaneous nodding, laughter and other gestures/movements by touch. These contribute to how turns are managed.
  17. 17. Turntaking - example one
  18. 18. Turntaking – example 2
  19. 19. Strategies - Projection • It seems that tactile signers use other strategies such as projection to anticipate or work out what the other person means. • Example – I am going to the ………. • We aim to use these additional strategies to the training for support staff, communication guides and interpreters to improve their knowledge and awareness so they can provide a better service to their tactile clients.
  20. 20. Awareness Activity with goggles • In pairs participants try signing to each other • Turntaking • Observing other movement and its meaning • Projection and predictions • Signs on or near head & face • Numbers • Questions • Discussion with whole group reporting and questions