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Carrier of Carriers - Small Cell Networks for both 4G LTE and 5G NR - Dense Air

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Presentations from the UK SPF Plenary on Thuesday 19 July 2018.

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Carrier of Carriers - Small Cell Networks for both 4G LTE and 5G NR - Dense Air

  1. 1. Carrier of Carriers - Small Cell Networks for both 4G LTE and 5G NR Graham Currier, Dense Air COO 19 July 2018
  2. 2. 4G & 5G Wholesale Small Cell Sharing Technology
  3. 3. Airspan Networks Summary Mobile Carriers & Network Operators Industrial Networks: Smart Grid, Public Safety, Transportation, Oil & Gas, Municipalities, Government 4G LTE / Industrial IEEE Licensed & Lightly- Licensed Access & Backhaul  $2B in cumulative revenue  2M devices in service  160m Mobile Subscribers supported Scalable supply chain (Foxconn & Flextronics) Tier 1, 2 and 3 plus WISPs Supported by Direct Sales, System Integrators, Resellers, Agents HQ in Florida, US >300 in R&D (Israel, UK and India) Sales Offices throughout Asia, EMEA & the Americas Team initially formed in 1994-1996 Independent Company since 1998 Awarded largest Small Cell roll-out in industry in 2014 OUR INVESTORS Main Others Equipment Vendor
  4. 4. 120,000 Airspan Cells deployed Zero to 100M subscribers in 83 days! Mathew Oommen, president Reliance Jio: “Jio is the world’s fastest growing mobile operator, acquiring 100 million LTE subscribers in record time and experiencing an unprecedented rate of data adoption and usage. Jio is partnering with Airspan to deploy a network of small cells…… ….. The design provides a strong path towards 5G with the same tools and building blocks, allowing a further quantum leap in capacity.” Reliance Jio in India Indoor
  5. 5. 240,000 cells deployed in 12 months ...Plug and Play John Saw, Sprint CTO - “Sprint Magic Box is making big strides.” “The company recently hit a milestone of 100,000 deployed Sprint Magic Boxes to businesses and consumers in approximately 200 cities. Sprint plans to deploy more than 1 million units as part of its multi-year roadmap”.. …. Sprint in USA Indoor Outdoor
  6. 6. Proof-Point: Sprint Small Cell Deployment Status 200k+ Deployed and ~3000 Small Cells per day! 70% Indoor / 30% Outdoor: Target is 1 million! Deployment in 200 Cities
  7. 7. The 10 Lessons we learnt about Small Cells... 1. Small Cells have limited coverage, number of single MNO users served is always small 2. Small Cells are under utilized, because number of users connected is small 3. Small Cells must provide “public” same services as Macro cells 4. Small Cells must provide the same user experience as a Macro cell (at cell centre) 5. Small Cells must be seamlessly integrated with Macro cells 6. Small Cells OPEX must be the same (or better) as Macro Cells / per served user 7. Small Cells must be in the right place to serve usefully serve end users 8. Small Cells must be easily deployable into the “right places” 9. Small Cells must be futureproofed and evolve in line with Macro Cells (4G to 5G) 10. Small Cell must easy to manage and maintain and provide same KPIs 7 For most MNOs it’s been very tough to achieve all of these requirements!
  8. 8. The Economics of 4G Small Cell Deployment is broken… • Traditional MNO Outdoor deployment of LTE Small Cells is uneconomic • hence very limited deployment by MNOs • Site Rental, Power, Zoning, Power, Construction, Equipment Capex, Fiber or Microwave/mmWave Backhaul etc… • Indoor cells often are equally as uneconomic • Building Owner deal ($$$), Neutral Host designs, Cabling, Construction costs, RAN Equipment Capex, backhaul OPEX etc… • Less than 5% of buildings have DAS – Distributed Antenna Systems The Answer is Dense Air Shared Indoor or Outdoor 4G/5G Small Cells supporting Mobile Operators or other Service Providers Shared Dense Air Single MNO Solution Small Cell 5 Year TCO 5x
  9. 9. Macro Cell Spectrum Efficiency (bits/s/Hz) Macro Cell Spectral Efficiency Source: Data collected from 18,500 Cells in Reliance Jio ~1.2bit/s/Hz average. DL SE QPSK 16 QAM 64 QAM Macro Networks have poor Spectral Efficiency Note: Networks using high bands have very poor efficiency 10 bit/s/Hz 0.1 bit/s/Hz 100x
  10. 10. Dense Air: We Improve Network Spectral Efficiency • Network Densification for Mobile Network Operators 16 QAM, MIMO QPSK, SISO Cell Middle Cell Edge AirDensity or AirUnity 64 QAM, MIMO 64 QAM, MIMO Cell Center Extended Cell Centre Small Cells at Customer Premises to improve MBB services • Focused deployment in buildings at “Cell Edge” Locations • Improves Customer Experience (better Speed, Battery Life and Experience) • Improves MNO Macro Network Spectral Efficiency and Coverage Improved Spectral Efficiency Improved Indoor LTE Coverage Much Better Uplink Speeds Faster Indoor Speeds A Better Quality of Experience Better Battery Life MNO Benefits End User Benefits Small Cell
  11. 11. Spectrum Holdings and Operating Companies 11 • Airspan Spectrum Holdings (ASH) is 100% owned subsidiary of Airspan Networks Inc. • Airspan Spectrum Holdings (ASH) is a “Special Purpose Vehicle” for the acquisition of Spectrum Assets that complements Airspan’s 4G (and then 5G) small cell solutions • In markets where ASH obtains spectrum OpCo’s are established using Small Cells to build “wholesale” shared networks (www.denseair.net) • These operating companies are called “Dense Air”
  12. 12. Dense Air – Small Cell Network Operator 12 • “Network Densification or Network Extension” as a service using small cells • A “Neutral Host” delivered in dedicated licensed spectrum • Designed for 4G LTE networks and later for 5G NR • Filling-in Coverage holes and Capacity weak spots in Mobile Networks • We improve the “Spectral Efficiency” of existing Macro Cells • Objective: Global Wholesale provider for Mobile and Fixed Network Operators • We DO NOT compete with “Retail” Service Providers • Our services are suitable for Urban, Suburban or Rural areas • We also support Private LTE and IoT Networks for Large Enterprise and Government Provides Operational and Network Design support for Dense Air Provides products and technology for Sharing / Neutral Host
  13. 13. Dense Air (Q2 2018) 13 • Dense Air established in September 2017 • UK: Dense Air Group HQ • Corporate HQ, Financial and Product Mgmt • Dense Air Ireland • Sales and Operations for Ireland • Operating in avg. ~43MHz of 3.6GHz (Bands 42 &43) • Dense Air Belgium • Sales and Operations for Belgium • Operating in 45MHz of 2.6GHz (Band 38) • Dense Air Portugal • Sales and Operations for Portugal • Operating in avg. ~68MHz of 3.6GHz (Band 42 & 43) • 168 MHz in Lisbon, 112 MHz in Porto • More to come in 2018……..
  14. 14. Dense Air - Wholesale “Neutral Host” 14 Mobile Network Densification (Urban) Wireless Fibre Extension (Rural) 5G as a Service • Dense Air focuses on three types of use cases • Network Enhancement and Extension as a Service in licensed spectrum • Neutral Host, Multi Operator / Service Provider support
  15. 15. Dense Air – Our Building Blocks 15 Small Cells operating in Licensed Spectrum • Indoor and Outdoor Solutions • Shared “Neutral” wholesale operation Scalable Cloud Computing • Cloud based Neutral Host sharing • Support multiple operators from single box • Scales to millions of users Big Data Analytics and AI (Artificial Intelligence) • Ability to ”see” where LTE is performing poorly • Targeted Deployment in MNO Weak Spots • Partner portals and operations systems Outdoor (Street Pole) Indoor (Window) Cloud Rural (Network Edge) Poor Coverage and Capacity
  16. 16. “Virtualized” Small Cells as a Service • Dense Air “virtualizes” it’s small cells • Each real physical eNodeB supports multiple “virtual” instances, one per MNO supported • Single set of active electronics (eNB) enables Neutral Host network sharing • Each virtual instance of an eNodeB is fully encapsulated • Separate address space • Separate mgmt and control interfaces • No sharing of any data between virtual instances • Each Virtual eNodeB has it’s own PLMN ID • Dense Air implements an advanced QoS and SLA solution to ensure that each virtual small cell delivers the target capacity of capacity 16 Physical Indoor eNB Physical Outdoor eNB Virtualised MNO #1 Virtualised MNO#2 Virtualised MNO #3 Virtualised MNO #1 Virtualised MNO #2 Virtualised MNO #3 Neutral Host: Single Small Cell serving 3 or 4 MNOs
  17. 17. Mobile Network Densification 17
  18. 18. Airspan’s AirUnity: All-Wireless Self-Deployed Small Cell 18
  19. 19. Indoor “Windowsill” Small Cell 19
  20. 20. Dense Air - Mobile Network Densification 20 • Enhancing user experience by extending 4G LTE and later 5G Macro Cell coverage • Using relay ‘Magic Box’ technology to fix poor indoor coverage • Targeting modern Enterprise buildings with high RF penetration loss • Recovering macro-cell efficiency where there’s a high user density • Macro-cell coverage extensions in dense urban environments • Leveraging LTE Relay technology deployed by Sprint to transform their network coverage • Operating in Dense Air spectrum • Benefitting Dense Air Wholesale MNO Partners
  21. 21. OK ※user permission has been obtained NG OK OK OK OK OK OK Analysis System (AGOOP Corp.) 3 billionlogs per month (Communication Logs from Smartphone Application) Detecting Poor Coverage and Capacity Big-data logs 21
  22. 22. NG log point NG log point before after SoftBank aGoop Big-data Analysis 22
  23. 23. Leveraging SoftBank Experience on Improving 4G Coverage • Dense Air focuses on improving 4G Network Coverage • Improved user experience • Migration to IMS Voice 23
  24. 24. 24 98% 98% 97% 98% 98% 98% 98% 97% 98% LTE OK Ratio Ave 98% 74% 74% 75% 76% 73% 73% 78% 78% 73% LTE OK Ratio Ave 75% Jan.2018~Mar.2018 Mar.2018 ●Temple bar ●Tokyo Station 1Km 1Km LTE Improvement Ireland Japan
  25. 25. Dense Air – AI Assisted Deployment Example: Poor Coverage in Food Store
  26. 26. Network Densification Service: Summary • We deploy small cells to improve coverage in “cell edge” conditions (urban) • Target is small cell deployment in “uneconomic” area for MNO • Small Cells improve macro network spectral efficiency, by enabling optimal PRB utilization • Every small cell we deploy can be tightly integrated into an MNO network • Supports seamless handover to/from small cell • Macro equivalent functionality (including VoLTE and eMBMS) • Virtualized Small Cells support all normal RAN KPIs and OA&M / mgmt. interfaces • Deployment process is pure “Plug and Play” • AI “Assisted Installation” is recommended • Indoor (and Outdoor) small cells can be used • Indoor plug and play user installed boxes (supports 128 UEs per AirUnity) • Low and High Power Outdoor Small Cells (Poles mounted) • Backhaul solution is LTE Relay in most cases. mmWave/Ethernet is an option • Service: Zero CAPEX, based on simple monthly charge per small cell 26
  27. 27. Wireless Fiber Extension 27
  28. 28. Dense Air - Wireless Fibre Extension 28 • Dense Air “Network Extension” service • Extending fibre broadband coverage into rural and under-served locations •Leveraging existing roadside utility poles (power or telephony) • Low CAPEX & OPEX wireless infrastructure to economically extend broadband networks •Fixed broadband Service • (like short range copper xDSL) •4G LTE & 5G multi-operator access •Fed by multi-hop smart wireless backhaul • Extending service into environments where fibre to the premises is uneconomical. Sub 6 GHz eNB and gNB mmWave Access and Backhaul or UE Relay
  29. 29. The Dense Air WFE Solution: Typical Deployment • Solution is “Wireless Fiber Extension (WFE)” as a service using Dense Air spectrum assets and low cost eNodeBs (AirSpeed and AirHarmony) • Solution also uses Airspan iBridge for Pole to Pole Backhaul (microwave and mmWave) Fibre Wireless Fibre Extension Fibre Extension fed LTE Node Fibre fed LTE Node Dense Air WFE (mmWave Mesh) Sub 6 GHz Licensed Small Cell
  30. 30. Network Extension Service: Summary • Small cells to extend cell edge coverage (rural) • Extend coverage footprint when Macro economics stop because of low density • or when geography makes Macro deployment difficult / impractical • Delivers both Fixed (wireless) and Mobile Broadband services • Tightly integrated into an MNO’s RAN network • Supports seamless handover to/from small cell (mobile services) • Macro equivalent functionality (including VoLTE and eMBMS) • Virtualized Small Cells support all normal RAN KPIs and OA&M / mgmt. interfaces • Deployment process is quick, “Plug and Play” with simple physical installation • 1 hour to install on “made ready” wooden poles • Typically Outdoor small cells can be used • Low and High Power Outdoor Small Cells (Poles and Rooftops) • Backhaul solution is LTE Relay (later 5G NR) or mmWave Mesh • Service: Zero CAPEX, based on simple monthly charge per small cell
  31. 31. Neutral Host “5G as a Service” 31
  32. 32. Dense Air “5G as a Service” for MNOs 32 • Delivering wholesale 5G coverage into high foot- fall locations - Neutral Host • Leveraging 5G technologies and architectures • 5GNR Giga-bit connectivity, Massive MIMO, Fixed and Mobile, Hybrid access networks, Edge Computing • Optimising for: • Transportation – connected vehicles • Industrial & Enterprise IoT • Real-time broadband applications Neutral Host “5G” network will build infrastructure in places MNOs economics fail
  33. 33. “5G as a Service” by Dense Air • What is 5G in the real world… Only “Massive Densification” can create a 5G Network! Enhanced Mobile Broadband (eMBB) • Faster Peak Speeds: Gigabit/s Services to normal portable devices • High Average Speeds (i.e. Cell Edge): >50 Mbit/s most of the time • High Percentage of Time on 4G LTE and 5G NR Radios: >95% Support for the Wireless “Internet-of-Things” (mMTC) • Hundreds of Billions of connected devices • Directly: using LTE Cat M1 or NB-IoT • In-Directly: Via Small Cells / Wi-Fi APs / Bluetooth backhauled using LTE Ultra Reliable and Low Latency Communications (URLLC) • Mission Critical Applications: Public and Private: Near 100% Coverage • Autonomous Cars, Industrial Automation, Public Safety • Edge Computing Platforms with connectivity for AI entities “Like Fiber” “Everything is connected” “Safe and Secure” Networks
  34. 34. Dense Air 5G Service: LTE to 5G NR Conversion... “2020” 5G Launch: 5G NR Macro supported by Small Cells • 5G NR Small Cells can ensure the “Power” of 5G NR is delivered to end users immediately after MNO launch (using existing LTE Bands) • Small Cells act as a “Gateway” allowing older and newer handsets to gain access to faster speeds and low latency 5G services MNO Macro Cells Up to 1.6 Gbit/s Street Cells Fiber Fiber
  35. 35. Dense Air: “5G RAN as a shared service” • 2020 Small Cell 5G RAN: Customer Premises & Street Nodes Network Densification using NextGen Small Cells “Eliminating the Cell Edge” using Indoor and Outdoor Sub 6 GHz 5G NR mmWave 5G NR & WiGig Sub 6 GHz 5G NR mmWave WiGig or 5G NR MNO 5G NR
  36. 36. The 10 Lessons we learnt about Small Cells... 1. Small Cells have limited coverage, number of single MNO users served is always small 2. Small Cells are under utilized, because number of users connected is small 3. Small Cells must provide “public” same services as Macro cells 4. Small Cells must provide the same user experience as a Macro cell (at cell centre) 5. Small Cells must be seamlessly integrated with Macro cells 6. Small Cells OPEX must be the same (or better) as Macro Cells / per served user 7. Small Cells must be in the right place to serve usefully serve end users 8. Small Cells must be easily deployable into the “right places” 9. Small Cells must be futureproofed and evolve in line with Macro Cells (4G to 5G) 10. Small Cell must easy to manage and maintain ands provide same KPIs 36 Dense Air “Small Cells as a Service” “cracks to code” for massive deployment
  37. 37. The “Dense Air” Service Proposition • We install, operate and maintain “Small cells as a Service” • Zero up-front CAPEX • Price is based on simple per cell monthly fee with no data usage fees • No long term commitment necessary • Service includes “Big Data” analysis of existing LTE network • To determine deployment locations and calculate the benefits of small cell deployment • MNO can request deployment in specific locations via Denseware Portal • Virtual “Small Cells” are integrated into MNOs RAN • Seamless handover, Fully managed and Full KPIs • Dense Air works with directly building / venue owners • and with Town / City councils for outdoor small cells • Goal is to deploy small cells in optimal locations / Take the hassle out of deployment 37 Dense Air Ireland/Belgium is preparing for Commercial Service launch Q1 2019
  38. 38. 38 Thank you for your Attention – Questions?

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