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Towards a critical art librarianship conference

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Towards a critical art librarianship conference

  1. 1. CRITICAL LIBRARIANSHIP Stephanie Moran Library and Information Manager, Iniva
  2. 2. An evolving, radical visual arts organisation dedicated to developing an artistic programme that reflects on the social and political impact of globalisation.
  3. 3. Mission Statement With the Stuart Hall Library acting as a critical and creative hub for our work, we collaborate with artists, curators, researchers and cultural producers to challenge conventional notions of diversity and difference. We engage a wide audience, particularly young people, in discourse and debate on issues surrounding the politics of race, class and gender.
  4. 4. Decolonisation The undoing of colonialism and colonial legacies – materially and theoretically – including in the ‘cultural archive’. The undoing of colonial legacies of thought that bias and stereotype approaches to, for example, race, culture or nature.
  5. 5. “Decolonization, which sets out to change the order of the world, is, obviously, a program of complete disorder. But it cannot come as a result of magical practices, nor of a natural shock, nor of a friendly understanding. Decolonization, as we know, is a historical process: that is to say it cannot be understood, it cannot become intelligible nor clear to itself except in the exact measure that we can discern the movements which give it historical form and content.” -Franz Fanon, The Wretched of the Earth, 1963, p. 36
  6. 6. “The easy adoption of decolonizing discourse by educational advocacy and scholarship, evidenced by the increasing number of calls to “decolonize our schools,” or use “decolonizing methods,” or, “decolonize student thinking”, turns decolonization into a metaphor… The metaphorization of decolonization makes possible a set of evasions, or “settler moves to innocence”, that problematically attempt to reconcile settler guilt and complicity, and rescue settler futurity.” - Eve Tuck & K. Wayne Yang, ‘Decolonization is not a Metaphor’, Decolonization: Indigeneity, Education & Society Vol. 1, No. 1, 2012, pp. 1-40
  7. 7. “Decolonization offers a different perspective to human and civil rights based approaches to justice, an unsettling one, rather than a complementary one. Decolonization is not an “and”. It is an elsewhere.” - Tuck & Yang, ibid.
  8. 8. Feminist Standpoint Theory “Feminist standpoint theorists make three principal claims: (1) Knowledge is socially situated. (2) Marginalized groups are socially situated in ways that make it more possible for them to be aware of things and ask questions than it is for the non- marginalized. (3) Research, particularly that focused on power relations, should begin with the lives of the marginalized… Feminist standpoint theories place relations between political and social power and knowledge center-stage.” --From the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  9. 9. Situated Knowledges “Situated knowledges require that the object of knowledge be pictured as an actor and agent, not as a screen or a ground or a resource, never finally as slave to the master that closes off the dialectic in his unique agency and his authorship of "objective" knowledge.” --Donna Haraway, ‘Situated Knowledges: The Science Question in Feminism and the Privilege of Partial Perspective’, Feminist Studies, Vol. 14, No. 3. (Autumn, 1988), pp. 575-599.
  10. 10. Thinking With “It matters what thoughts think thoughts. It matters what knowledges know knowledges. It matters what relations relate relations. It matters what worlds world worlds.” -- Donna Haraway (2016), Staying with the Trouble: Making Kin in the Cthulucene
  11. 11. Politics of: • Cataloguing • Reader Development • Collection Development
  12. 12. Unconscious Bias “… when something is encoded, it is encoded with a particular world view. Even deciding what is to be encoded and what isn’t has implications for the representation of marginalised voices and perspectives... It is important that we move beyond the limited ontologies of the commercial sector...” -- Stuart, David (2016), Practical Ontologies for Information Professionals, p157
  13. 13. https://www.slideshare.net/claude_22/dewey- decimal-system-53817608
  14. 14. The Shape of Thought “As long as thinking people, considering the open sky, meditated on the cosmos as a vault – immeasurable, but closed – they remained protected from the danger of catching cold from their externality … the immunological catastrophe of the Modern Age is not the ‘loss of the centre’, but rather the loss of the periphery. The final boundaries are no longer what they once seemed; the support they offered was an illusion”. - Peter Sloterdijk
  15. 15. "MAPPA MUNDI in JEAN MANSEL La Fleur des Histoires. Valenciennes, 1459-1463, manoscritto, penna, inchiostro e colori su pergamena, 30 X 22 cm (carta). Bruxelles, Bibliothèque Royale de Belgique, MS. 9231, fol. 281v. Mappa attribuita a Simom Marmion"
  16. 16. Hieronymus Bosch, Exterior Panels Of The Garden Of Earthly Delights, 1480-1490
  17. 17. 17th Century World Map Novissima Totius Terrarum Orbis Tabula made by the Dutch timber merchant Joannes de Ram, first published in 1683.
  18. 18. “Archives are bound up with the question of whose history is worth preserving. Scholars in postcolonial and decolonial studies have broadened our understanding of archives by thinking of ‘imperial archives’ (Ann Stoler/ Thomas Richards) and colonialism as a ‘cultural archive’ (Edward Said/ Gloria Wekker): ways of understanding how the documents left behind by empire were made, distributed as well as stored, and ways of opening up what is meant by a document: to document is an action that is performed in relation to bodies. This conference will focus on the ways in which we encounter the archive and consider how we might engage the archive differently within feminist, queer
  19. 19. Kara Walker, Slavery! Slavery! Presenting a GRAND and LIFELIKE Panoramic Journey into Picturesque Southern Slavery or “Life at ‘Ol’ Virginny’s Hole’ (sketches from Plantation Life)” See the Peculiar Institution as never before! All cut from black paper by the able hand of Kara Elizabeth Walker, an Emancipated Negress and leader in her Cause, 1997, cut paper on wall, approx. 144 × 1020 in, 365.76 × 2590.8 cm installation view: Kara Walker: My Complement, My Enemy, My Oppressor, My Love, Hammer Museum, Los Angeles, 2008
  20. 20. Fred Wilson Guarded View and Picasso/Who Rules?, Installation view from ‘Mining the Museum: An installation by Fred Wilson’ at the Maryland Historical Society
  21. 21. Search Engine Bias “what kinds of results do Google’s search engine provide about Black girls when keyword searching, and what do the results mean in historical and social contexts? … [And] in what ways does Google reinforce hegemonic narratives?” “commercial interests operating in the background of search” - Safiya Umokja Noble: http://ivc.lib.rochester.edu/google- search-hyper-visibility-as-a-means-of-rendering-black- women-and-girls-invisible/
  22. 22. Black Girls 2011
  23. 23. Black Girls 2018
  24. 24. “In this case, the clicks of users coupled with the commercial processes that allow paid advertising to be prioritized in search results mean that representations of women (particularly Black women who are codified as “girls”) are frequently ranked on a search engine page in ways that underscore their lack of status in society.” - Noble, op cit.
  25. 25. data-driven technologically-made decisions are “by the very process of their design, fallible to social consequences that are most frequently articulated in forms of biases, segregations and other social restrictions.” - Ramon Amaro
  26. 26. Emily Jacir Ex Libris
  27. 27. Collecting Futures “what is archived can and often does end up speaking for or re-archiving itself, so long as the archive is secured and accessible in some meaningful degree. While archivism has inherently conservative instincts and allies, the creating of archives is actually about generating futures” - Guy Mannes-Abbott, ‘This is Tomorrow: On Emily Jacir’s Art of Assembling Radically Generative Archives’, in Dissonant Archives: Contemporary Visual Culture and Contested Narratives in the Middle East (2015)
  28. 28. ‘Dissonant Archives’ “An archive can be a beautiful thing, though never a neutral one. It is probably at its most ideologically saturated or epistemologically delimited when it professes to be the opposite: ‘open’, ‘complete’, ‘universal’…” - Guy Mannes-Abbott
  29. 29. The Cultural Archive: Gloria Wekker, White Innocence (2016)
  30. 30. Partial Evidence
  31. 31. Rescripting Histories
  32. 32. Collection development: Research • International contemporary art gallery exhibition programmes • Mailing lists • Artists • Iniva constituencies • Iniva programme and audiences
  33. 33. Collection development: Sourcing • Online searching • Gallery bookshops • Specialist bookshops • Specialist suppliers • Donations • Wishlist
  34. 34. Reader Development • Programming • Research Network • Outreach • Artist in Residence • Trainees and volunteers • Building a constituency
  35. 35. Image: Ada Xiaoyu Hao, Mask of Sanity
  36. 36. Research Network Reading Group
  37. 37. Saturday Reading Group

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