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Inaugural presentation_Yiannis Pontikes_2017

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Inaugural presentation by Yiannis Pontikes, 10 of March 2017

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Inaugural presentation_Yiannis Pontikes_2017

  1. 1. Fe-Ca-silicate slags: when purpose-driven research challenges perception of what is feasible Leuven, March, 2017 Yiannis Pontikes
  2. 2. In the next ~30min Few slides about my motivation & more slides about the SREMat group: why and what we do, now and in the near future. We will start from a high altitude and land smoothly!
  3. 3. My motivation AFP/Getty images
  4. 4. My motivation AFP/Getty images
  5. 5. My motivation AFP/Getty images
  6. 6. My motivation AFP/Getty images
  7. 7. My motivation AFP/Getty images
  8. 8. My motivation These slides speak about me I am 2nd generation refugee (see: “population exchange” of 1923) That grew up next to an American base, with Greek-Canadian citizenships, having family in 3 US states, and my sister in London Now an immigrant (or “expat”?) Emotionally bonded with Belgium, but Europe (the world) also And a father (did you meet Sebastian Theodore?) That believes global warming is real, we don’t live in a sustainable way, and finds demagogues threatening!
  9. 9. My motivation And I feel responsible And just watching, is just too difficult The real damage is done by those millions who want to 'survive.' The honest men who just want to be left in peace…Sophie Scholl
  10. 10. But I am not alone
  11. 11. So, what do I want to do? Use science and expand our understanding, so that we develop processes with smaller environmental footprint Create tools for individuals to have more safe, healthy and comfortable lives Educate others to become more aware of their impact and options …
  12. 12. Taking action (?)
  13. 13. Paris Agreement
  14. 14. Technology research, development and demonstration
  15. 15. Foster industrial symbiosis and open collaboration/innovation/ecology Industrial Symbiosis in Kalundborng, Denmark 16 A strategy
  16. 16. Implementing that in our region Aperam, Châtelet - stainless steel: 700 kt/year* - slag: 200 kt/year* Metallo-Chimique, Beerse - slag: 180 kt/year* Umicore, Hoboken - slag: 150 kt/year* ArcelorMittal, Gent - steel: 4000 kt/year* - BOF slag: 450 kt/year* Group Machiels, Houthalen - slag: depends Aperam, Genk - stainless steel: 900 kt/year* - slag: 250 kt/year* Metal Valley
  17. 17. Transform local supply of residues towards new materials Circular economy through zero waste processing …and the vision
  18. 18. And circular economy/zero waste is…? https://www.ricoh.com/environment/management/concept.html > 20 years ago!
  19. 19. OK! OK? Are we getting there? …we have 15 years to make it happen…but we started good! Figure: P.T. Jones
  20. 20. Fe2O3-Al2O3-CaO-SiO2 FeO-Al2O3-CaO-SiO2 SiO2-”FeO”-CaO-Al2O3 CaO-SiO2-MgO CaO-”FeO”-MgO-SiO2 …comes down to the 4 most abundant metallic elements FeOx-CaO-Al2O3-SiO2 But isn’t every slag different?
  21. 21. And the more you look… Two slags from completely different processes have MO/SiO2 close to 2, the 3rd major oxide being at approx. 7wt%, everything else < 5wt% Aperam and Metallo slags are not that far! Iacobescu et al. J. Clean. Prod., 112(1), 872–881, 2016 Iacobescu et al. Front. Chem. Sci. Eng. DOI 10.1007/s11705-017-1622-6 (accepted)
  22. 22. And the more you look… Two slags from completely different processes have MO/SiO2 close to 2, the 3rd major oxide being at approx. 7wt%, everything else < 5wt% Aperam and Metallo slags are not that far! Iacobescu et al. J. Clean. Prod., 112(1), 872–881, 2016 Iacobescu et al. Front. Chem. Sci. Eng. DOI 10.1007/s11705-017-1622-6 (accepted)
  23. 23. Al2O3 Al2O3Al2O3 Cu, Zn, FeNi Al2O3 Cu, Pb In the high temperature process, metal is also recovered! Carbon steel, stainless steel But what if we go towards one “unified”?
  24. 24. Al2O3 Al2O3Al2O3 Cu, Zn, FeNi Al2O3 Cu, Pb In the high temperature process, metal is also recovered! Carbon steel, stainless steel But what if we go towards one “unified”? J. Van De Sande et al, 5th SVS, 3-5 April, 2017
  25. 25. SREMat: group for a cause
  26. 26. 27 The group aspires to conceive and develop innovative processes in order to transform secondary resources towards engineered materials, while considering the sustainability of the envisaged process and the fate of (critical) metals. The vision of our team is to create sustainable material loops. SREMat: group for a cause
  27. 27. SREMat: Secondary Resources for Engineered Materials, is one of two research units in the HiTemp research group at MTM Members: 3.5 post-docs, 9+3+1+2 PhD, typically 5 MSc students per year and 2 visiting The person is important, strong bonding. Very international team BE, GE, GR, RO, SK, FIN, SRB, COL, ECU, IN, ET (BRA, IT, CHN) SREMat: group for a cause
  28. 28. Cementitious binders Inorganic Polymers ProcessingOur structure Design new clinkers Improve performance of mortars Design new precursors Improve performance of mortars
  29. 29. In practice Additives Granulation New slag
  30. 30. In practice Granulation New slag
  31. 31. In practice Granulation New slag
  32. 32. From the slag to the material Additives for engineered microstructure Final material Slag to paste Paste to inorganic polymer or hydrate
  33. 33. From the slag to the material Additives for engineered microstructure Slag to paste Final material Paste to inorganic polymer or hydrate
  34. 34. Applications we explore with colleagues Porous materials for thermal insulation Porous materials as substrates for (photo)catalysis Dense materials for shielding Dense fiber-reinforced materials for high strength concrete Dense materials for sound absorption Dense materials for immobilisation Dense for high temperatures Sandwich structures Responsive materials to electromagnetic fields Porous materials as catalysts
  35. 35. Fundamental Research Strategic Basic Research Competitive Research Competitive Development FlandersEUWorld FWO on alkali activated binders DBOF red mud IWT O&O Coziras2 IWT O&O VALORAS COST NORM4Building* MIP ICON PLASMAT IWT O&O Energy… MSCA ETN REDMUD SBO CeComStruct SIM ICON Supermex MSCA ETN New-mine CR3 RED MUD 2 H2020 MetGrow+ MSCA ETN Socrates Portfolio of projects On-going To be submitted 36
  36. 36. Collaborations and programs Academic and other research partners Industrial partners37
  37. 37. Be specific
  38. 38. So, what do I want to do? Use science and expand our understanding, so that we develop processes with smaller environmental footprint Create tools for individuals to have more safe, healthy and comfortable lives Educate others to become more aware of their impact and options science and processes (engineering) tools educate
  39. 39. Multi-scale modeling Science & engineering Focus on material: describe and predict Focus on process: properties Novel process/material Focus on engineering: real-life aspects Upscaling
  40. 40. Arne explores the area more from an experimental perspective, Christina more from a computational. Jos and David go into thermodynamic modeling of cement hydration, and coupled with high temp modeling+statistics, we have better understanding Science & engineering: materials Raw Mössbauer spectra of activated mixtures recorded after different reaction time intervals (left) Douvalis et al. 5th SVS, April 3-5, 2017; (right) Simon et al, coming up Fourier transforms of k3‐weighted Fe-EXAFS of the slags and IP. Peaks are corresponding atomic pair correlations. Data not published yet
  41. 41. Tobias will soon announce a new process on BR Glenn is developing diagnostics and goes towards rheology Georgia is introducing microwave processing and we explore also induction Science & engineering: processing Possible implementation of the described process for valorization of bauxite residue in inorganic polymers Hertel et al, J. Sustain. Metall. (2016) 2:394–404
  42. 42. Lukas et al has built boats, tiles, blocks and walls, now stairs! Science & engineering: upscaling
  43. 43. Lukas et al has built boats, tiles, blocks and walls, now stairs! Science & engineering: upscaling
  44. 44. Science & engineering: upscaling
  45. 45. Science & engineering: upscaling Design: Philippe Caers and Dirk Wenmakers This is one of our ambassadors!
  46. 46. Outreach/educate website SREMat software A new solar system…
  47. 47. Outreach/educate
  48. 48. Outreach/educate These are the conferences that are collaborating with the journal Presents news on “sustainability + metal” from >10 portals These are the conferences that are collaborating with the journal As they appear at Springer website As they appear at Zenodo https://zenodo.org/com munities/sustainmetall/
  49. 49. Tools The “tool” will allow people to make their own houses, without going through intermediates players in the value chain And yes, Flanders, is quite OK, but we don’t make this tool for Flanders only, we make it for the world (and users like UN…)
  50. 50. Tools http://www.atlas.d-waste.com/Documents/Waste-Atlas-report-2014-webEdition.pdf
  51. 51. Tools http://www.atlas.d-waste.com/Documents/Waste-Atlas-report-2014-webEdition.pdf
  52. 52. Before we close… And if we succeed… Yes, we almost close the loop!
  53. 53. And we close… Thank you for being here! I am greatly indebted to every member of SREMat (MSc and PhD candidates, but postdocs in particular for making things happen), colleagues at MTM and KU Leuven, SIM2 especially, and to the people I collaborated at industries as well as institutions that we have received funding and trust from. Big thank you to SO...

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