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Conrad Omonhinmin (Covenant University, Biological Sciences) “Situating Open Access in the Global South: A Nigerian University Perspective”


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"An Open Digital Global South," UC Davis

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Conrad Omonhinmin (Covenant University, Biological Sciences) “Situating Open Access in the Global South: A Nigerian University Perspective”

  1. 1. Situating Open Access in the Global South: A Nigerian University Perspective. Conrad A. Omonhinmin Ph.D Associate Professor Molecular Systematics; Co-ord. Open Access @ Covenant University
  2. 2. Legal, Co-ordinated, Discoverable, Sustainable Ways to attain the Broadest Possible Circulation of Scholarly Knowledge, for Greater Good of Society. Scholarly Society Managed, Researcher Governed, Non-Profit, Interdisciplinary Platform for Facilitating Communication amongst Researchers and between Researchers and the World. As we continue, lets again re-establish that we seek… Therefore, we must create… Kathleen Fitzpatrick, 2016
  3. 3. Source: Oasis 2012
  4. 4. … Commenced in 2011. … Formulated a Policy in 2013 after Berlin 10 conference … Became Operational in 2014 … With the following highlights till date
  5. 5.  Increased publication count  Increased visibility of institution and researchers  Improved collaboration on national/regional and global platforms  Industry recognition  703% increase in scholarly publication from 2013  Made up of 99.1% journal articles (62.5%) and conference (23.9%)  2905% above our closest contemporary (2005 – 2017)  Clarity in areas of global competencies - Showing leadership in: Publication, Reference Innovation  Increase funding for publication by as much as 150% since 2013  This is instructive if you consider that Researcher strength of CU is only about 22% of is closest contemporary – The University of Ibadan.
  6. 6. Can OA work in the global south?.. Yes! … before we answer that in a single stroke, lets consider a few things So we may ask? How?
  7. 7.  TETFUND -Tertiary EducationTrust Fund  TETFUND ACT, 2011 imposes a 2 percent (2%) EducationTax on the assessable profit of all registered companies in Nigeria  To administer and disburse the fund to Federal and State tertiary educational institutions, specifically for the provision and maintenance of the following:  Essential physical infrastructure for teaching and learning  Instructional material and equipment  Academic staff training and development  Any other critical for improvement of quality and maintenance of standards in the higher educational institutions.  Research and publication  Currently supports only 78 (39 Fed, 39 State)  Number of Universities - 153: 40 Federal, 44 State owned, 69 Private.  Currently budgeted NI.8bn (USD 6m), for the 2017.
  8. 8. Accessibility – Pursue Communication, Interoperable Journals and Repositories, Create a contributory System - Institution, Libraries, Language and disability Visibility – Pursue more visibility of southern scholarly knowledge (AJOL, CODESRIA - African Citation index, etc) Decolonization of knowledge - Inequality and Social Justice – Globalism, Colonialism and now Nationalism Practices adoptable in the south, APCs are North-centred Discussion missing at a local levels Reward System – Realign the reward system to support the new system Place value on other research outputs other than articles.
  9. 9. We can’t choose one! … the scenarios differ across the terrain … APCs, are financially suited for the North, not true for the South … Flipping may not entirely benefit the south … Awareness and conceited meetings at national/regional (hubs, consortium etc) … OA - Primary model in Latin America (Peru, Argentina, Mexico) - Publically funded for over 20 years, something similar may work … Pilots, experiments and trails are required to come up with what is applicable Open Access in the South – Which Model?