Conrad Omonhinmin (Covenant University, Biological Sciences) “Situating Open Access in the Global South: A Nigerian University Perspective”
Situating Open Access in the Global South:
A Nigerian University Perspective.
Conrad A. Omonhinmin Ph.D
Associate Professor Molecular Systematics;
Co-ord. Open Access @ Covenant University
Legal, Co-ordinated, Discoverable, Sustainable Ways to
attain the Broadest Possible Circulation of Scholarly
Knowledge, for Greater Good of Society.
Scholarly Society Managed, Researcher Governed,
Non-Profit, Interdisciplinary Platform for Facilitating
Communication amongst Researchers and between
Researchers and the World.
As we continue, lets again re-establish that we seek…
Therefore, we must create…
Kathleen Fitzpatrick, 2016
… Commenced in 2011.
… Formulated a Policy in 2013 after Berlin 10
… Became Operational in 2014
… With the following highlights till date
Increased publication count
Increased visibility of institution and researchers
Improved collaboration on national/regional and global platforms
703% increase in scholarly publication from 2013
Made up of 99.1% journal articles (62.5%) and conference
2905% above our closest contemporary (2005 – 2017)
Clarity in areas of global competencies - Showing leadership in:
Increase funding for publication by as much as 150% since 2013
This is instructive if you consider that Researcher strength of CU
is only about 22% of is closest contemporary – The University of
Can OA work in the global south?.. Yes!
… before we answer that in a single stroke,
lets consider a few things
So we may ask?
TETFUND -Tertiary EducationTrust Fund
TETFUND ACT, 2011 imposes a 2 percent (2%) EducationTax on the
assessable profit of all registered companies in Nigeria
To administer and disburse the fund to Federal and State tertiary
educational institutions, specifically for the provision and maintenance
of the following:
Essential physical infrastructure for teaching and learning
Instructional material and equipment
Academic staff training and development
Any other critical for improvement of quality and maintenance of
standards in the higher educational institutions.
Research and publication
Currently supports only 78 (39 Fed, 39 State)
Number of Universities - 153: 40 Federal, 44 State owned, 69 Private.
Currently budgeted NI.8bn (USD 6m), for the 2017.
Accessibility – Pursue Communication, Interoperable Journals
and Repositories, Create a contributory System - Institution,
Libraries, Language and disability
Visibility – Pursue more visibility of southern scholarly
knowledge (AJOL, CODESRIA - African Citation index, etc)
Decolonization of knowledge - Inequality and Social Justice –
Globalism, Colonialism and now Nationalism
Practices adoptable in the south, APCs are North-centred
Discussion missing at a local levels
Reward System – Realign the reward system to support the new
system Place value on other research outputs other than articles.
We can’t choose one!
… the scenarios differ across the terrain
… APCs, are financially suited for the North, not true for the South
… Flipping may not entirely benefit the south
… Awareness and conceited meetings at national/regional (hubs,
… OA - Primary model in Latin America (Peru, Argentina, Mexico) -
Publically funded for over 20 years, something similar may work
… Pilots, experiments and trails are required to come up with
what is applicable
Open Access in the South – Which Model?