Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Traditional Shellfish Harvesting at Thluk-Thluk-Way-Tun (Barnet Marine Park)

74 views

Published on

as presented by Carleen Thomas and Ginevra Toniello (Tsleil-Waututh Nation) at #BISS2017 (Burrard Inlet Science Symposium)

Published in: Science
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Traditional Shellfish Harvesting at Thluk-Thluk-Way-Tun (Barnet Marine Park)

  1. 1. Traditional Shellfish Harvesting at Thluk-Thluk-Way-Tun (Barnet Marine Park) Carleen Thomas1 Ginevra Toniello2 1Relationships & Protocol Agreements Coordinator, Tsleil-Waututh Nation 2Archaeology & Cultural Heritage Coordinator, Tsleil-Waututh Nation
  2. 2. Traditional Villages and Clam Harvesting Areas in Burrard Inlet Thluk-Thluk-Way-Tun (Barnet Marine Park) Whey-Ah-Wichen Tum-Tumay-Whueton Say-um-it-ton Say-Mah-Mit Tsleil-Waututh Wha-Whe-Why Say-Mopit
  3. 3. Thluk-Thluk-Way-Tun / Barnet Marine Park • Long history of use • Clam harvesting in Tsleil-Waututh legends & in recent memory • Berry harvesting and processing Beach at Thluk-Thluk-Way-Tun Coast Salish People canoe in Burrard Inlet
  4. 4. Simon Fraser University Archaeology Field School 2017 Partnership between SFU and Tsleil-Waututh Nation
  5. 5. Simon Fraser University Archaeology Field School 2017
  6. 6. Tsleil-Waututh Elders Visit the Archaeological Site
  7. 7. • Settlements increase 3,000 BP - onward • Continuous use 400 years BP 750 years BP 2,200 years BP 2,500 years BP Archaeological Deposits at Thluk-Thluk-Way-Tun • At least four occupation events:
  8. 8. Littleneck Clam Butter Clam Horse Clam Bay Mussel Basket Cockle Barnacle Limpet Urchin Fish (Perch) Deer Archaeological Fauna at Thluk-Thluk-Way-Tun
  9. 9. Littleneck Clam Roasting Feature Clam Processing Features Whole roasted clams Shucked clam shells
  10. 10. Clam Processing Features Horse Clam Processing Boiling/Roasting Stones
  11. 11. • All harvested clams are mature (size over 25.4 mm) • No resource depression • Harvesting restrictions and management Harvested Littleneck Clam Sizes Over Time750 BP400 BP Clam Size (mm) 30 40 50 Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4 Level 5 Level 6 Stratigraphic Level
  12. 12. • Evidence of harvesting up to post-colonial era • No recent harvesting Metal clamming fork 2,500+ Years of Clam Harvesting • Harvest closures in Burrard Inlet since 1970s
  13. 13. Clam Survey at Barnet Marine Park, June 2017 • Few living clams • 1-2 years old • Silty, anoxic beach sediments • Lack of traditional management • Importance of baseline data
  14. 14. Elderberry Processing 2,500 years BP Elderberry at Thluk-Thluk-Way-Tun today Plant Harvesting and Processing at Thluk-Thluk-Way-Tun
  15. 15. Elderberry Trailing blackberry Red huckleberry Salmonberry Thimbleberry Indian Plum Black gooseberry Pacific crabapple Hardhack Cottonwood Red Alder Western hemlock Sitka Mountain-Ash Vine Maple Big Leaf Maple American vetch Sword Fern Spiny wood fern Nootka Rose Cow parsnip Kinnikinnick Horsetail Pink Purslane Indigenous Plants of Thluk-Thluk-Way-Tun
  16. 16. Archaeology at Thluk-Thluk-Way-Tun / Barnet Marine Park • Baseline data collection • Teaching students about Tsleil-Waututh history and traditions • Affirming oral histories of traditional use • Reconnecting people to place and resources

×