The Path to Suffrage
The Nineteenth Amendment Ratified
Starter and Objective
• Starter: Explain the picture of Seraph
Young voting on February 14, 1970. How
does this primary document apply to
casting Utah women’s first vote?
• I Can Statement: I can explain the most effective
strategies women’s suffrage supporters used to
persuade law makers to propose, sign, and ratify
the Nineteenth amendment to the U. S.
• Why was the 1880 census important before the federal
government granted statehood?
• https://cdn.britannica.com/s:300x300/19/78519-004-F69775CE.jpg (accessed 8-6-2019).
Suffrage Effort Results
• Tribute to Selected First Women Holding
Political Office in Utah:
• Martha Hughes Cannon – 1st woman state
senator in the United States.
• Olene Walker – 1st woman lieutenant
governor, then 1st governor when Mike
Leavitt became administrator of the
Environmental Protection Agency.
• Janice M. Fisher – 1st woman elected to West
Valley City council.
• https://ilovehistory.utah.gov/people/difference/cannon.html (accessed 8-9-2019);
https://utahstatecapitol.utah.gov/explore/capitol-art/governors/olene-walker (accessed 8-9-2019);
Suffrage Efforts Continue
• State constitutions include women’s suffrage language for Wyoming: An
Act to Grant to the Women of Wyoming Territory the Right of Suffrage,
and to Hold Office
Be it enacted by the Council and House of Representatives of the Territory
Sec. 1. That every woman of the age of twenty-one years, residing in this
territory, may at every election to be holden under the laws thereof, cast
her vote. And her rights to the elective franchise and to hold office shall
be the same under the election laws of the territory, as those of electors.
Sec. 2. This act shall take effect and be in force from and after its
Approved, December 10, 1869.
• Utah approved women’s suffrage using this example February 10, 1870.
Statehood Suffrage Success
• The following states wrote voting rights sections in their state
constitutions. Read the article given your group about each state.
Write the main ideas for and against prior to the bill becoming law.
1st Suffrage Steps But Still Opposition
• Explain the positions of those agreeing with
or opposed to the suffrage proposal for
statehood from state experiences.
• Leaders opposed to women’s suffrage used
political cartoons. What is the message of
• Artist unknown, “An Unsightly Object,” The Judge, 1882. Caption: “An Unsightly Object—Who Will Take an Axe and
Hew It Down?”
Organizations Working For National Suffrage
National Women’s Suffrage Association
• Similar goal – women’s suffrage
• Radical, controversial approach
• A national suffrage wanted
• Men could join but weren’t officers
• Opposed the 14th & 15th
amendment without women
American Women’s Suffrage
• Similar goal – woman’s suffrage
• A conservative approach
• A state-by-state approach
• Male officers
• Supported the 14th & 15th
amendment extending male
Statehood with Women’s Suffrage Map
• Examine the states with
suffrage map. What do
you learn from this map?
womenssuffrage1914-1024x722.png (accessed 8-3-2019).
Suffrage Movement Attention Slows
• How many years between
suffrage in MT and OK?
• Strategies already tried
aren’t effective now:
newspaper, letter writing,
• What new strategies
might suffrage workers
try to gain national
• http://wiredpen.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/womens-suffrage-1919-1024x741.png (access 8-3-
Suffrage Strategies Change
• A new suffrage idea being used in Britain is
suggested by Alice Paul. Use the video note page to
record what Alice and her supporters tried.
• What happened when the new strategies were
attempted? Were they effective?
Nineteenth Amendment Results
• Amendment passed both the House
of Representatives and the Senate
June 4, 1919.
• Tennessee becomes the 36th state
to approve 19th amendment on
August 18, 1920. Amendment
certified on August 26, 1920. Use
map to show which states ratified
• Ten students needed willing to hold cards with suffrage highlights
printed on them at the front of the classroom.
• Ask students still seated to suggest how to place the events in order.
Begin with Seneca Falls Convention.
• Which card ends the timeline?
• Write your answer: When is the most important date about voting
after the Nineteenth Amendment became law? Explain your answer.
• Be prepared to share your answer and explanation if time permits.