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Aurora Innovations - Iii. hazcom training for new hires


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Iii. hazcom training for new hires

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Aurora Innovations - Iii. hazcom training for new hires

  1. 1. Hazard Communication Understanding the GHS, MSDS, NFPA, and other safety protocol Aurora Innovations, Inc. 1
  2. 2. Hazard Communication  Hazard communication (or “HAZCOM”) is our program where you learn about the hazardous chemicals used in our workplace.  We will also train you on how to protect yourself from the effects of these hazardous chemicals.  HAZCOM training is required by federal and state OSHA. Hazard Communication2
  3. 3. Hazardous Chemicals  A “hazardous chemical” is any chemical that can do harm to your body.  Most industrial chemicals can harm you at some level.  The level of harm depends on how much of the chemical enters your body. Hazard Communication3
  4. 4. Effect of Hazardous Chemicals on the Body  The effect a certain chemical has on the body depends on several factors: • The physical form of the chemical • How the chemical enters the body • The amount of chemical that actually enters the body (dose) • How toxic (poisonous) the chemical is Hazard Communication4
  5. 5. How Chemicals Enter the Body Hazard Communication5  Ingestion (swallowing) • Don’t eat any food that has come into contact with a chemical.  Inhalation • Be aware of dusts and mists in the air. This is the most common method of entry.  Absorption • The chemical soaks through the skin-wear appropriate PPE. There are three routes of entry:
  6. 6. Getting Information on Hazardous Chemicals There are three primary sources:  The product label  The product SDS  Informational training Hazard Communication6
  7. 7. Hazard Communication7 Container labels have important information:  Hazards (NFPA, HMIS, or GHS ratings)  First Aid measures  Manufacturer and emergency contact info  Recommended personal protective equipment (PPE) Container Labeling
  8. 8. Label Requirements Hazard Communication Stationary 8 Secondary Primary Portable
  9. 9. Primary Label  The label found on a container shipped directly from the manufacturer  According to the Global Harmonizing System (GHS), primary labels include: 1. The name of the chemical 2. A signal word 3. A hazard statement 4. A precautionary statement 5. The address and phone number of the manufacturer Hazard Communication9
  10. 10. Hazard Communication10
  11. 11. Secondary and Stationary Labels  Secondary and stationary labels provide much of the same information, as well as the required PPE.  Unless you work in the lab or in liquid production, you will not be handling any hazardous materials as part of normal procedure. Should you be asked to perform a special task that requires hazardous material, be sure to read the label on the material, read the SDS, or ask a supervisor for direction. Hazard Communication11
  12. 12. Hazard Rating Systems  Rating systems tell you how dangerous a chemical is.  There are three primary hazard rating systems: 1. NFPA 704 2. HMIS 3. GHS Hazard Communication12
  13. 13. Container Labeling: NFPA 704 Rating System  0-4 Rating  0 = Minimal  1 = Slight  2 = Moderate  3 = Serious  4 = Severe  Intended to provide emergency responders with hazard information Hazard Communication13
  14. 14. Hazardous Materials Information System (HMIS) March 20, 202014
  15. 15. Global Harmonizing System (GHS) Hazard Ratings The GHS is different than other rating systems.  1 = Severe  2 = Serious  3 = Moderate  4 = Slight  5 = Minimal Hazard Communication15
  16. 16. Hazard Rating Comparison NFPA  Ranked 0 - 4  4 = HIGH hazard GHS  Ranked 0 - 5  5 = LOW hazard Hazard Communication16 Know which system is being used!
  17. 17. Material Safety Data Sheets  A safety data sheet, or “SDS”, is an information sheet on a product which lists: 1. Which chemicals are in the product 2. What the hazards of the chemical are 3. How to protect yourself from such hazards Hazard Communication18
  18. 18. Safety Data Sheets Safety data sheets have 16 different sections. These include:  Section 4 – First aid measures  Section 5 – Firefighting measures  Section 8 – Personal protective equipment Hazard Communication19
  19. 19. SDS Elements 1. Chemical product and company information 2. Composition/information on ingredients 3. Hazards identification 4. First aid measures 5. Firefighting measures 6. Accidental release measures 7. Handling and storage 8. Exposure controls/personal protection 9. Physical and chemical properties 10. Stability and reactivity 11. Toxicological information 12. Name, address, and telephone number of manufacturer Hazard Communication20
  20. 20. SDS Elements, Cont. 13. Disposal considerations 14. Transport information 15. Regulatory information 16. Other information Hazard Communication21
  21. 21. SDS Binders and Important Information  Aurora Innovations has several SDS binders, which include: 1. A chemical inventory list  Lists every chemical used by Aurora Innovations, where they are used, and emergency information  Contains a table of contents in order to help you find the chemical quickly 1. An SDS for every chemical used by Aurora Innovations 2. A copy of Aurora Innovations’ written Hazard Communication Plan  The SDS binders are available to all employees – you are encouraged to familiarize yourself with them.  The location of the SDS binder nearest the mixline is next to the shipping office and break room. Hazard Communication22
  22. 22. Non-Routine Tasks Involving Chemical Hazards  During the course of your employment at Aurora Innovations, you may be assigned tasks that are not part of your normal routine. Never handle a chemical if you don’t know what it is! Hazard Communication23 Employees with concerns are encouraged to approach management and discuss issues. Any information offered by employees regarding hazardous materials, working conditions, or adherence to safe practices will be treated in a confidential manner when appropriate. It is the intent of this hazard communication program to conform with the law by informing and protecting the health and safety of our employees working with hazardous materials.
  23. 23. Protecting Yourself In the case of a leak or spill, protect yourself by: • Informing your supervisor immediately of unusual odors, spills, or releases • Leaving an area of a large spill or chemical release Hazard Communication24
  24. 24. Detecting the Presence or Release of Hazardous Materials Hazard Communication25  Visual Appearances Does something look out of the ordinary?  Odor Are there any abnormal smells? “Sweet” or “good” does not mean that it is safe.  Physical Sensations Do you feel strange, sick, or different?
  25. 25. Chemical Exposure If you have been exposed to a chemical and feel sick…  Let your supervisor know  Find out the name of the chemical  Follow the first aid directions in the SDS  Get medical attention as needed  Check your PPE before going back to the area Hazard Communication26
  26. 26. Emergency Action Plan In the event of a major emergency, follow the Aurora Innovations Emergency Action Plan.  This is a written plan detailing emergency protocol.  A copy of this plan is displayed at several locations around Aurora, as well as the main office.  You can also find emergency contact numbers with the ICP. Hazard Communication27
  27. 27. Preventative Information  Bat guano can contain fungal spores. Keep it always from your eyes and mouth. If you must handle it directly, wear a dust mask.  Some of our liquids (like pH Up or pH Down) in the warehouse can be skin irritants. You should avoid skin contact and ingestion. If you encounter a spill, tell a manager, get the appropriate PPE, and clean it up in a safe manner. (Ask to see the spill clean up procedure.)  Some hazardous materials are stored in the Building B storage area. Do not handle these materials unless you have received specific training on how to do so safely.  Always read the SDS before handling an unfamiliar chemical or product. Hazard Communication28
  28. 28. Summary of Key Points  Do not handle a hazardous material unless you have been trained how to do so.  Always wear appropriate PPE when handling hazardous chemicals.  Read labels and the SDS.  Be aware of the different hazard rating systems.  Know how to detect the presence of hazardous materials (sight, odor, and sensation).  Follow the integrated contingency plan (ICP).  Always speak to a manager if you have any safety concerns. Hazard Communication29
  29. 29. Things to Remember  The primary label comes from the manufacture and contains important information.  On the GHS system, 1 = severe, 5 = minimal  On NFPA 704 system, 4 = severe, 0 = minimal  There are 16 sections on an SDS.  Secondary labels have PPE requirements.  Do not store chemicals where you eat.  Keep container labels legible.  Your primary means of HAZCOM information are:  Training  Labeling  SDS Hazard Communication30
  30. 30. Have a great day! Hazard Communication31