Huge potential losses in productivity as a result of substance abuse. You basically get 2/3 of an employee that costs you 5X as much in direct work comp costs
The overall price tag is staggering….as of 14 years ago, the total costs per year came to nearly $500 billion dollars. This includes health care expenditures, lost earnings, and costs associated with crime and accidents. These costs exceed those related to both diabetes and cancer.
So how do you know if your employees are using drugs and alcohol? Take a look at the trends at your company over the past 5 years. Are sick days up? Are WC claims up? Is turnover up?
What types of behavioral change will you see in your employees? Typically these are of the ‘night and day” type…..a very reliable employee suddenly starts calling in sick or is a NO CALL NO SHOW, bad attitude, withdrawn poor performer.
Things to look for:
We are leading the pack in many areas lending to alcohol related issues
Although there is never a time of the year that we Wisconsinites avoid alcohol, summer is fast approaching with many late night festivals and time spent on our many lakes and in our taverns. This is an example of a male weighing 200# that drank from 6PM to 2AM and consumed 12 beers and 5 shots over the course of that 6 hours.
If any of the above are noted….get out your Reasonable Suspicion Checklist.
Since 2010 the DOT “5+” panel includes testing for Ecstasy and it’s analogs.
Alcohol and marijuana remain the drugs of choice among Americans.
How does this prevalence translate to the Workplace? A full three-quarters of drug users an in your workplaces. More than half of those who eventually test positive use every single day.
With most of the drugs we typically test for it is imperative that you act quickly after suspecting use. In reality, only marijuana has a margin of error due to the fact it is lipid soluble.
These are the cutoff levels we utilize to discern between second hand exposure and primary use.
Marijuana is by far and away the most commonly used street drug and partly explains it s various names and forms.
So if Wisconsinites love alcohol, Americans love opioids. These two statistics bear that out.
Show of hands…who currently does all of these types of testing. Today we will mostly focus on reasonable suspicion testing but I want to point out another important area that is closely related to reasonable suspicion testing and that is Post Accident or Post incident testing.
Anytime there is damage to company property you need to consider Substance Abuse or a medical condition as the cause. Have an ironclad policy in place to address this.
To meet the burden of proof you simply must be able to document a specific occurrence with a description of the observation.
The easiest and most foolproof way to do this is by using a checklist such as the one on the next slide. I have provided handouts as well.
Imperative you have a policy that includes refusal to test