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presentation butana sudan. ifad project


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Presentation of an IFAD-funded project in Butana, Sudan

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presentation butana sudan. ifad project

  1. 1. ‫المتكاملة‬ ‫الريفية‬ ‫للتنمية‬ ‫البطــانة‬ ‫مشروع‬ Butana Integrated Rural Development Project (BIRDP) Regional Conference with Pastoralists Tunisia , Hammamet January 2016
  2. 2. Introduction On 16 February 2007, (GOS) and (IFAD) signed Loan Agreement Total Finance is SDR 16 800 000 (Loan No. 717 SD) about US$ 24.8 million The estimated total project cost is US$ 29.85 million, including contributions from the GOS (US$ 3.23 million), States’ Governments (US$ 1.06 million) and project beneficiaries (US$ 0.77 million). The period of 8 years. The project became effective on 7 July 2008, The project completion date is 30 September 2016 and the loan is expected to close on 31 March 2017.
  3. 3. Project Goal • to improve in a sustainable manner the livelihoods and resilience to drought of the poor rural households in particular the smallholder agro-pastoralists in the sand and clay zones and the smallholder irrigated sector as well as the smallholder transhumants in 140 villages.
  4. 4. The objectives of the project • Establish a coherent and cost effective governance framework that ensures a regulated access to land and water resources of the Butana; • Improve the access and bargaining position of women and men in the marketing of livestock and; • Develop the capacity of community-based organizations to engage in environmentally sound, socially and gender equitable development initiatives.
  5. 5. Project Components • Policy and Institutional Building • Natural Resources Management • Animal Resources Development • Community Development and Business Options
  6. 6. Livestock in Butana •Livestock population in Butana is estimated at 9 million heads, 18.5 % cattle, 44 % sheep, 30 % goats and 7.5 % •Livestock is threatened by alternating droughts that recur every 3 years. •Contributes to the national livestock exports by 43%.
  7. 7. Note: Vegetation Cover in Butana •Arable Land 21%, Bare land 29%, •Rangeland 41% and •Forestland 9% •2 states which are River Nile and Kassala embrace about 87% of the total bare land. •In Gedaref state the Range and Forest Land influenced by MF •In Gezira and Khartoum states the increase in cultivated area is attributed to the high population. •Despite the low rainfall, Khartoum and River Nile states have good tree cover (19% each)
  8. 8. Rangelands Development Terracing for Water Retention Terrace is a simple rectangular system of earth embankments which retain surface runoff water Farmers and Pastoralists pay for terrace construction They reported increase of grain by more than two times They reported increase in fodder quantity and quality Increase in the amount of high palatable and nutritive fodder As moisture increased, biodiversity improved
  9. 9. Water Harvesting for Range Plants
  10. 10. Drinking Water Supply Water infrastructures are hafirs, water yards and hand pumps 86% identified water supply as their first developmental priority It has been addressed 72% of them 56.7% of the total households targeted benefited as direct beneficiaries The impact under Water infrastructures as follows: 48% of the communities informed increase of land under vegetable production; 80% stated increase in water quantity; 74% described less consumption of wood and thatch for building of houses; 52% increase in tree planting out in private and public compounds and; 76% increase in school enrollment and of pupils.
  11. 11. Rangelands Development Drought Tolerant Plant Failure of grasses by grazing before the seeds set When it is green not grazed It is a rich source of protein and gum Goat milk increased by an average of 1.3 liters and Weight in lambs boosted by 3 kg every 15 days; Under minimum rainfall can give fodder Encouraged building of 234 stores at household level.
  12. 12. Fire Control
  13. 13. Livestock Markets • 6 Livestock markets constructed and rehabilitated • Increase revenues for localities
  14. 14. Livestock Markets • Provide services (water, shade and other facilities) • It is created opportunity for vet staff to dialogue and share knowledge with animal owners on animal health and production
  15. 15. Animal Husbandry Improved productivity of Nubian Goats through selection As d goats are main concern of rural women and adaptive to environment.
  16. 16. Animal feeding innovation and initiatives Chopping Sorghum Straws • Supplementary feeding depends on local materials available and accessible to people • Improve the nutritive value by adding ingredients such as molasses to farm residues.
  17. 17. Animal feeding innovation and initiatives Dry Season Coping Strategy • Collecting of green natural fodder during rainy season • Drying under shade • Keeping it for summer
  18. 18. Veterinary Services • 192 Community Animal Health Workers (CAHWs) trained and 84 women among them • Assist in the vaccination campaigns • 79 neighboring communities benefited from vet. services • Carry out diagnosis and treatment of sick animals at community level(9120 cases reported) • Providing veterinary drugs and chemicals through revolving fund
  19. 19. Comprehensive extension Removing and burning of dead animals to avoid spread of diseases such as Butalism (Abu Regaiba)
  20. 20. Rural Access •It is a key pillar towards successful results. •As Butana is quite remote and people suffer from access to markets and services during the rainy season
  21. 21. Building crossings and approaches to tackle access in certain locations (spot improvement)
  22. 22. Constructing gravel road with crossings and earth materials (full package)
  23. 23. Communities Networking Four community networks were formed: 1. Altasab network composed of 6 communities (Shandi locality) 2. Alkhayrat network composed of 6 communities ( Aldamer locality) 3. Alwidyan of composed of 5 communities (Sharig Elnil) 4. Aledaidat composed of 6 communities (Butana locality) Achievements made by Altasab Network  Establishing a livestock market within the area of the networked communities  Provision of fund for construction of wateryard in the livestock market.  Demarcation of the shared rangeland.  Regulation of watering of animal by prohibiting the use of water yard inside and to water animals out demarcated area.  Establishment of two communication towers in to facilitate the communication through mobile phones within the network.
  24. 24. Knowledge Management and Sharing The knowledge products Short films dedicated to address specific issues such as • Fodder shortage, • Irrigation water management Innovations, best practices and successes under climate change such as • Small scale tree nurseries • Land less women Means and methods used • Social reporting (Participatory Assessment), • Exchange visits, • Village/Field day, • Radio listening group, • Learning routes, • Exhibition ...etc.
  25. 25. Improved Governance Framework for NRM • An interactive process for discussing issues of land tenure and governance of NR • For developing a common understanding of the root causes of range/forest degradation. • NRM conference is supportive arm to assure grass root stakeholders voice being heard. at higher levels (local level and BDA Board of Directors). • Arrival to agreed actions for addressing legislation issues and enhancing the enforcement mechanisms for better NRM. NRM Conferences
  26. 26. Improved Governance Framework for NRM NRM Conferences • Level 1 Communities’ Clusters 18 implemented • Level 2 Localities (Mahaliyyat) 9 implemented • Level 3 States (Wulaiyat) and 5 proposed • Level 4 Inter-States 1 proposed •
  27. 27. Identified Issues Effects of Gold Mining • Expanding gold mining at the expense of traditional farming and grazing lands as well as water resources. • Leaving the holes after mining without refilling them, have serious impact on water run- off and threatening the lives of both human and animals • Use of Mercury to extract gold has effect on both human and animals
  28. 28. Identified Issues Water • Poor water services during dry season • Misdistribution of water services • Water resources availability and variability in the face of climate change
  29. 29. Identified Issues • Sustained decline in no. of appointed forest guards by FNC • Overgrazing and eradication of natural fodder before its maturity using wide disk for crop cultivation • Spread of diseases as a result of free movements of some infected animals
  30. 30. Identified Issues The Role Native Administration not as in the past In the past has powers on: • Issuance of customary laws • Safeguarding of tribal rights over natural resources • Settlement of disputes
  31. 31. THANK You For Following Email: Website: