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The respiratory system

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The respiratory system

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The respiratory system

  1. 1. The respiratory system 1. Remember the words respiratory – дихання  nostrils - ніздрі  cilia – вії, волосинки  pharynx – глотка, зів  throat - рот  epiglottis - надгортанник  larynx - гортань  trachea - трахея  lungs – легені  chest cavity – грудна клітка  thorax - грудна клітка  вrhonchi – бронхи  diaphragm - діафрагма 2. Match the words 1. respiratory – грудна клітка 2. nostrils - легені 3. cilia – трахея 4. pharynx – гортань 5. throat - дихання 6. epiglottis - ніздрі 7. larynx - вії, волосинки 8. trachea - глотка, зів 9. lungs – рот 10.chest cavity – надгортанник 11.thorax - бронхи 12.вronchi – діафрагма 13.diaphragm - трахея 3. Guess  The respiratory system is the biological system of an organism that introduces respiratory gases to the interior and performs ___?___ exchange. The right answer  The respiratory system is the biological system of an organism that introduces respiratory gases to the interior and performs gas exchange. 4. Fill the missing words The respiratory system is the biological system of an _____that introduces ____gases to the interior and _______ gas exchange.
  2. 2. 5. Remember 6. Name the organs 7. Remember The nostrils are at the top of the respiratory system. They intake air and bring it into the nose, where it's warmed and humidified. Cilia, which are tiny hairs, protect the nasal passageways and other parts of the respiratory tract. They filter out dust and other particles that enter the nose through the breathed air. 8. Fill the missing words At the top of the respiratory system, the ? act as the air intake, bringing air into the nose, where it's __ ?____and__ ?___. Tiny hairs called ____?____protect the nasal passageways and other parts of the respiratory tract, filtering out __?___and other particles that enter the nose through the breathed air.
  3. 3. 9. Think  Air can also be taken in through the ____?_____. These two openings of the airway meet at the pharynx, or throat, at the back of the nose and mouth.  Air can also be taken in through the mouth . These two openings of the airway meet at the pharynx or throat, at the back of the nose and mouth. 10.Remember  The epiglottis It is a small flap of tissue that covers the air-only passage when we swallow. It keeps food and liquid from going into the lungs. The larynx, or voice box It is the uppermost part of the air-only pipe. This short tube contains a pair of vocal cords, which vibrate to make sounds. The lungs The lungs contain elastic tissues that allow them to inflate and deflate without losing shape and are encased by a thin lining called the pleura The chest cavity, or thorax The chest cavity is the airtight box that houses the bronchial tree, lungs, heart, and other structures. The top and sides of the thorax are formed by the ribs and attached muscles, and the bottom is formed by a large muscle called the diaphragm. The chest walls form a protective cage around the lungs and other contents of the chest cavity.
  4. 4. 11. Fill the missing words At the top of the respiratory system, the _________act as the air intake, bringing air into the nose, where it's warmed and humidified. Tiny hairs called ____________protect the nasal passageways and other parts of the respiratory tract, filtering out dust and other particles that enter the nose through the breathed air. Air can also be taken in through the_____________. These two openings of the airway meet at the______________, or__________________, at the back of the nose and mouth. The_____________________, a small flap of tissue, covers the air-only passage when we swallow, keeping food and liquid from going into the lungs. The____________________, or voice box, is the uppermost part of the air- only pipe. The________________, or windpipe, extends downward from the base of the larynx At its bottom end, the trachea divides into left and right air tubes called__________________, which connect to the lungs. The ___________________also contain elastic tissues that allow them to inflate and deflate without losing shape and are encased by a thin lining called the pleura The________________ _______________ or thorax, is the airtight box that houses the bronchial tree, lungs, heart, and other structures. Answers At the top of the respiratory system, the nostrils act as the air intake, bringing air into the nose, where it's warmed and humidified. Tiny hairs called cilia protect the nasal passageways and other parts of the respiratory tract, filtering out dust and other particles that enter the nose through the breathed air. Air can also be taken in through the mouth. These two openings of the airway meet at the pharynx, or throat, at the back of the nose and mouth. The epiglottis, a small flap of tissue, covers the air-only passage when we swallow, keeping food and liquid from going into the lungs. The larynx, or voice box, is the uppermost part of the air-only pipe. The trachea, or windpipe, extends downward from the base of the larynx At its bottom end, the trachea divides into left and right air tubes called bronchi, which connect to the lungs. The lungs also contain elastic tissues that allow them to inflate and deflate without losing shape and are encased by a thin lining called the pleura The chest cavity, or thorax, is the airtight box that houses the bronchial tree, lungs, heart, and other structures.

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