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20171006 gmca conference

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Dwight Kirkland

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20171006 gmca conference

  1. 1. Archaeological Considerations in the Management of Cemeteries S. Dwight Kirkland, B.S., M.A., RPA Southeastern Horizons, Inc. Douglas, GA 31533
  2. 2. Archaeology? In an Active Cemetery? • Archaeology can be incorporated in the management of cemeteries for a variety of reasons • Archaeologists can assist when human remains and/or archaeological materials are exposed during normal cemetery operations • Archaeologists can be utilized to train cemetery personnel to recognize the telltale signs of previous interments before disturbing older graves • Archaeology can enhance the culture history of a cemetery
  3. 3. Topics for Discussion I. Problems with previous interments II. Archaeological materials that may be encountered during grave excavations III. Archaeological materials that may be encountered during grounds upkeep or cemetery expansion IV. Archaeological consultation
  4. 4. I Previous Interments
  5. 5. Recognition of Previous Interments • Exposed human remains • Burial accoutrements encountered • Grave shaft “footprints” found
  6. 6. Exposed Human Remains
  7. 7. Burial Accoutrements Encountered
  8. 8. Graveshaft “footprints” found
  9. 9. II Archaeological materials commonly encountered during grave excavations
  10. 10. III Archaeological materials that may be encountered during grounds upkeep or cemetery expansion
  11. 11. IV Archaeological Consultation • Contact a local archaeologist if needed to assist with: • Grave excavation issues • Newly discovered archaeological sites in expansion areas
  12. 12. Grave Excavation Issues • Archaeologists can advise on the best procedures and materials to use when graves are disturbed • Archaeologists can train grave excavators to recognize previous grave “footprints” and thus avoid their disturbance
  13. 13. Newly Discovered Archaeological Sites • Archaeologists can help recognize and characterize new archaeological sites found within a cemetery and/or in proposed expansion areas • Archaeologists can help interpret the observed artifacts and place the new site(s) into a cultural context that can enhance the cemetery’s culture history • Archaeologist can help officially record new site(s) with the Georgia Archaeological Site File.
  14. 14. How to find an Archaeologist • Access the Society for Georgia Archaeology (SGA) website • Contact a local chapter of SGA using its website information: • Augusta Northwest GA • Golden Isles Coastal GA • South Georgia Blue Ridge • West Georgia Greater Atlanta • Gwinnett Ocmulgee • Georgia Historic Preservation Division of DNR website: • Consultants Directory (Archaeology)  30 firms
  15. 15. Summary • Archaeologists can help with critical problems sometimes encountered in cemeteries with older components • Grave disturbance issues • Prevention of grave disturbance • Archaeologists can help identify and interpret artifacts found in a cemetery and thus enhance its culture history • Archaeologists can help characterize new sites and assist with recording these in the state database.
  16. 16. Southeastern Horizons, Inc. 367 Julian Minchew Road Douglas, GA 31533 912.384.2819 (office) 912.309.9637 (cell) www.sehorizons.com (website) dkirkland@sehorizons.com (email)

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