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ID Session - Kerala Bird Monitoring Workshop - 2019


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Slides used for ID session in KBMW-2019

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ID Session - Kerala Bird Monitoring Workshop - 2019

  1. 1. Kerala Bird Monitoring Workshop - 2019 Bird ID Session by C Sashikumar, Dipu Karuthedathu
  2. 2. Copyrights & Key References • Major References: – Rasmussen PC & JC Anderton (2005). Birds of South Asia: The Ripley Guide. Volume 1 & 2. Smithsonian Institution & Lynx Edicions – Grimmett, R., Inskipp, C., & Inskipp, T., 1998. Birds of the Indian Subcontinent. 1st ed. London: Christopher Helm, A & C Black. – Misc websites • Bird calls : • All images used during the presentation are taken from websites like Oriental Bird Images (OBI), or have been contributed by participants. • Some of the images have been adjusted to fit the presentation for educational purposes. The copyright remains with the photographers. • Thanks to all the photographers for these images. • Contents of this presentation (images/sound files) should not be copied/re-used without the permission of the respective copyright holders Notes: -We have attempted to point out key features that would be useful, not all features have been covered. Interested readers can look up the references for more details. -We have tried to make things easy to understand and hence used some general terms (white => may refer to any of the different shades of white) -We have tried to make it as accurate as possible. If there are some mistakes, please let us know, we will try to correct it. -Note that there may be some images in the media references whose ID may not be correct (especially, media in eBird which is not reviewed). Check if you can use the knowledge gained to find the wrongly IDed images and report 
  3. 3. Whistling Ducks   Fulvous Whistling-Duck Lesser Whistling-Duck Size Larger Smaller Crown Pale, no contrast with face Dark, contrasting with face Neck Darker hind-neck,  whitish patch on  sides. Plain  Flanks Prominent white horizontal stripes Plain  Flight Dark wings, white rump Chestnut forewing and rump, shows white  on the sides of the tail Eyering Bluish or grey or sometimes appearing  buffy Yellow (narrow) Call Wheezy, drawn-out, two-note call Noisy. Rapid, shrill - seesick…seesick…
  4. 4. Media references
  5. 5. Confusing Female Ducks   Garganey Northern Shoveler Gadwall Eurasian Wigeon Northern Pintail Green-winged  Teal Size, general  appearance Small Large. Heavy long, broad-tipped bill Large, drab grey overall, white speculum conspicuous at  rest. Steep  forehead. Medium, male distinct with yellow forehead on chestnut head and white wing-patch. Large, male with dark brown head, long thin neck, white breast and pintail Small, compact,  small bill. Head White borders of dark  eyeline Plain brown Plain Plain brown Unmarked, warm  brown Plain brown, dark  eyeline and  crown Bill Dark bill with pale spot at base Dull orange Orange, broadly blackish culmen Small, blue  grey with black  tip Plain dark grey Blackish with little orange at base Flight: Upper  wing Green speculum, white border on both sides Male: Green speculum (no white borders), blue  forewing, white bar on  greater coverts.                                 Female: Green  speculum, grey forewing. Prominent white speculum. Male: Dark green speculum with a large white patch above Female: narrower white patch Brown speculum  with white border  on both sides  (Female); chestnut  upper border to  speculum for male) Dark green speculum with broad white upper border narrow pale lower border.   Flight: Under  wing Black and white White  White Whitish Pale White with dark  leading edge
  6. 6. Media references
  7. 7. Sand Plovers & Caspian Plover   Lesser Sand-Plover Greater Sand-Plover Caspian Plover Size Small. Large groups usually. Larger. Only a few individuals  usually Same size of Lesser.  (Vagrant) Head  Rounded  Rather angular often. Flatter  crown, sloping forehead Dark eye with a broad  white stripe above, pale  lores Bill Short and delicate. Length  roughly equal to the distance  from base of bill to rear of eye. Longer, heavier. Length  greater than the distance  from base of bill to rear of  eye. Long, thin beak steep  forehead Legs Short, typically dark,  yellowish/greenish in some Longer, pale.  Pale (Flesh coloured), slim Flight White wingbar almost parallel  on primaries White wingbar broader on  the primaries White underwing, white  patch at base of inner  primaries Tail White on sides of rump and  tail narrow. Shows more white on sides of  rump and tail contrasting  with dark subterminal band Broad, rounded dark tail,  neatly fringed white.
  8. 8. Media references
  9. 9. “Ringed” Plovers   Kentish Plover Common Ringed Plover Little Ringed Plover Size Small Larger, looks bulky and  different in structure Small Collar Present Present Present Bill   Thick, short Thin, black with some  pale  Eyering No eyering,  white border to  bottom of the  eyes No eyering Yellow  Legs Dark Yellow/ orange Dull Flight/wingbar White wingbar Conspicuous white wingbar No wingbar
  10. 10. Media references
  11. 11. Stints and Sanderling   Temminck's Stint Long-toed Stint Red-necked Stint Little Stint Sanderling Appearance Plain. Grey  brown breast  band Elongate, upright.  Overall grey with  streaked breast  and marked  upper parts Grey, unmarked  white below Hunched  posture,  browner,   streaked breast,  bill droop- tipped Very pale, thickset, dark patch at shoulder. At  seashore, has a habit  of feeding following  receding waves,  running back as the  wave advances Eyebrow No Faint Less distinct  behind eye. Pale   Pale face, no distinct  brow in most Legs Yellowish Yellowish, long Black Black Black. No hind toe Wingbar Narrow, white Indistinct White wingbar White wingbar Broad white Tail Distinct white  outer tail  feathers white sides of  rump and upper  tail white sides of  rump and upper  tail white sides of  rump and upper  tail  
  12. 12. Media references,,%
  13. 13. Curlew Sandpiper and Dunlin   Curlew Sandpiper Dunlin Appearance Longer neck and legs, stronger  eyebrow Hunched posture Bill Longer, evenly curved Drooped at tip Legs Longer Shorter Rump White, lightly barred Central dark bar with pale sides
  14. 14. Media references
  15. 15. Oriental Honey Buzzard crest small "pigeon" head large eye, lacks supra orbital ridge, wing tips fall short of tail tip small bill, slit nostril short, bare tarsi cere - grey (adult), yellow (juv) eye - dark(male, juv), yellow(female) Tail banding - broad (male), thinner (fem/juv)
  16. 16. Raptors – Oriental Honey Buzzard Could not find owners of some of the above images, owners please contact me to get your names in the Acknowledgement section
  17. 17. Raptors – Oriental Honey Buzzard Could not find owners of some of the above images, owners please contact me to get your names in the Acknowledgement section
  18. 18. Media references
  19. 19. Confusing Aquila eagles
  20. 20. Media references
  21. 21. Accipiters
  22. 22. Media references
  23. 23. Marsh Harriers and Pied Harrier
  24. 24. Media references
  25. 25. Pallid and Montagu’s Harrier
  26. 26. Media references
  27. 27. Phylloscopus Warblers
  28. 28. Media references,%20India%20(,%20India%20(,%20India%20(IN,%20India%20(,%20India%20(
  29. 29. Small Reed and Tree Warblers
  30. 30. Media references taxonCode=blrwar1&mediaType=p&sort=rating_rank_desc&region=Kerala,%20India %20(IN)&regionCode=IN-KL&q=Blyth%27s%20Reed%20Warbler%20-%20Acrocephalus %20dumetorum
  31. 31. Larks & Pipits
  32. 32. Larks Few things to look for • Presence/Absence of Crest • Body shape and structure • Coloration of underbody • Beak shape • Extent and pattern of streaking in the breast • Size
  33. 33. Indian Bushlark and Jerdon’s Bushlark
  34. 34. Malabar Crested Lark and Sykes’s Lark
  35. 35. Oriental Skylark
  36. 36. Greater Short-toed Lark and Ashy-crowned Finch Lark
  37. 37. Pipits Few things to look for • Body shape and structure • Colour of lores • Pattern of median coverts • Pattern of streaking in the head and back • Coloration of underbody • Hind claw size • Beak shape and colour • Call
  38. 38. Paddyfield Pipit
  39. 39. Richard’s Pipit
  40. 40. Blyth’s Pipit
  41. 41.
  42. 42. Tawny Pipit
  43. 43. Pipits with bold breast streaking Few things to look for • Streakings on breast and flanks • Head Pattern • Coloration of upperbody
  44. 44. Tree Pipit and Olive-backed Pipit