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Piggybacking on an Autonomous Hauler

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Piggybacking on an Autonomous Hauler - Business Models Enabling a System-of-Systems Approach to Mapping an Underground Mine

A scientific talk at the 25th IEEE International Requirements Engineering Conference, Lisbon, Portugal, 2017.

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Piggybacking on an Autonomous Hauler

  1. 1. Piggybacking on an Autonomous Hauler Business Models Enabling a System-of-Systems Approach to Mapping an Underground Mine Photo:Boliden Markus Borg Thomas Olsson John Svensson @mrksbrg
  2. 2. - Digitalization in mining is happening now! - Great time for REing novel system-of-systems - Business models will shape the architectures
  3. 3. Markus Borg Development engineer, ABB, Malmö, Sweden  Process automation PhD student, Lund University, Sweden  Issue management and traceability Senior researcher, RISE SICS AB, Lund, Sweden  RE and V&V for learning-based systems Thomas Olsson John Svensson
  4. 4. Outline Background Kankberg mine PIMM project A system-of-systems vision for Kankberg Business models Four realization scenarios Summary and outlook
  5. 5. Background 5
  6. 6. The Kankberg mine
  7. 7. Drilling and blasting Photo:Boliden
  8. 8. Loading Photo:Boliden
  9. 9. Hauling Photo:Boliden
  10. 10. Build a wireless communication network in Kankberg Use novel connectivity to improve Safety – Fewer people underground Productivity – Increase automation 11 PIMM project
  11. 11. [VIDEO CLIP REMOVED: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AE5AJ- xoUAE&feature=youtu.be]
  12. 12. A system-of-systems vision for Kankberg 13
  13. 13. System-of-Systems (SoS)  “independent collaborating systems”  The constituent systems are systems on their own right  exhibits emergent behavior only possible by collaborating
  14. 14. Self-driving trucks haul ore to surface Navigate using LiDAR 3D point clouds collected in real-time 15 Autonomous haulers
  15. 15. Excavation, drilling and blasting Cracks Inclination, rotations Subsidence (sinking of land) Changes manually measured using extensometers, bolts and laser Geospatial information valuable Mapping and positioning 16 A mine is not constant
  16. 16. Communication network Mapping systems Positioning systems Personnel Equipment Autonomous vehicles 17 Solution proposal: A Kankberg SoS
  17. 17. Business models and realization scenarios 18
  18. 18. 19 Analysis approach Four contrasting scenarios Seven questions when establishing a SoS Axelsson (2016) Eight variation points Four trade-offs • Why? • What? • Whose? • Who? • How? • … • ASRs • Stakeholder dependencies • Innovation platform • ...
  19. 19. 20 Scenario 1 – Boliden develops in-house SoS  Initiates requirements elicitation  Develops and maintains SoS  Pulls LiDAR data  Processes all data  Updates the maps needs knowledge, costs, risks roadmapping, data privacy
  20. 20. 21 Scenario 2 - Add-on Option Offered by Vehicle Manufacturer  Vehicle manufacturers processes data  Push LiDAR data to Boliden limited dev, lower risk fragmentation, lock-in
  21. 21. 22 Scenario 3 – Additional Service Offered by Hauling Company  Boliden signs an SLA specifying the quality of service  Hauling company processes and pushes LiDAR data to maps no internal dev, single interface data privacy, expensive service
  22. 22. 23 Scenario 4 – Semi-open Software Ecosystem  Boliden enables a software ecosystem  Stimulates a community around an open technology platform Shared R&D costs, innovation Upfront development, data privacy, risks
  23. 23. Summary and outlook 24
  24. 24. 25 Summary  Four trade-off dimensions  Control  Costs  Risks  Innovation platform Invest big? Yes No Costs Add-on Risks ServiceControl In-house Innovation Ecosystem
  25. 25.  SWOT analyses http://soda.swedishict.se/6115/ 26 More details in the paper Even more details in the technical report  Descriptions of the four scenarios
  26. 26. 27 Quality requirements guide the software architecture Business models will shape the SoS architecture Which actor will champion their preferred business model? Photo:Boliden
  27. 27. - Digitalization in mining is happening now! - Great time for REing novel system-of-systems - Business models will shape the architectures
  28. 28. sics.se/projects/pimm Photo:Boliden

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