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Interoperability and inclusive routes to scale


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Presentation by Dakota Gruener (ID2020) at the international conference on innovations in Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) systems - Ottawa on 27-28 February 2018. See more at

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Interoperability and inclusive routes to scale

  1. 1. February 2018 Interoperability and inclusive routes to scale Dakota Gruener, ID2020
  2. 2. 2 Identity is necessary for political, social and economic opportunity and enables access to vital local, state and international services throughout life.BIRTHREGISTRATION VACCINATION/HEALTHCARE PRIMARYSCHOOLELIGIBILITY PASSPORTISSURANCE MOBILEPHONE DRIVER’SLICENSE BANKACCOUNT VOTERREGISTRATION REFUGEESTATUS PROPERTY/BUSINESS REGISTRATION ‣ Without verifiable credentials, individuals are often invisible—unable to vote, access healthcare, open a bank account, or receive an education—and bear higher risk for trafficking. ‣ Without accurate population data, public and private organizations struggle to broadly and accurately deliver the most basic human services.
  3. 3. 1.1bn people are unable to prove their identity. WORLD BANK, ID4D Dataset 3
  4. 4. Universally, systems of digital identity frustrate users, businesses, civil society and governments ‣ Too much personal data ‣ In too many silos ‣ Becoming toxic to keep ‣ With a harmful user experience ‣ Damaging trust
  5. 5. 5 ‣ Purpose limited to a single project ‣ Design, implementation, and phase-out driven by project time frame ‣ Dependent on custom software, hardware and/or data standards ‣ Almost always functional “Instrumental” vs. “Infrastructural” ‣ Built with long-term objective ‣ Designed in collaboration with local stakeholders ‣ Utilizes open source platforms and open standards ‣ Compatible with local systems when possible ‣ Could be repurposed or reused for other use cases with minimal additional resources ‣ Functional or foundational Source: USAID
  6. 6. Investments in “instrumental” ID systems historically have created a market failure - but this also represents a key opportunity 6 NORWAY UNDP UNHCR NATIONAL REGISTRATION BUREAU ELECTORAL COMMISSION ‣ Mandatory birth registration law enacted in 2010 ‣ No retroactive “catch up” campaigns planned EUROPEAN UNION NATIONAL ID CARD REFUGEE REGISTRATION VOTER REGISTRATION VACCINATION (CHILD HEALTH CARD) BIRTH REGISTRATION ‣ 91% of children receiving 3rd dose of DTP3 vaccine in 2014 ‣ Proof of vaccination required for subsequent health services ‣ Ages 18 and up eligible to vote at the time of an election ‣ One-time use system, with data discarded after election ‣ Mostly benefiting Mozambicans seeking asylum ‣ Full-scale deployment planned for 2017 ‣ Enrollment targeting only those 16 and above FUNDING PARTNERS INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS MALAWI GOVERNMENT INITIATIVES MINISTRY OF HEALTH JAPAN GAVI UNICEF UNITED STATES $ ¥ UNITED KINGDOM £ € kr
  7. 7. 7 Persistent: Lives with you from life to death Personal: Unique to you and you only Portable: Accessible anywhere you happen to be Private: Only you can give permission to use data If implemented thoughtfully, digital ID can empower individuals and serve as critical “development infrastructure” Health: Unique ID enables health tracking (i.e. digital child health card) Financial Inclusion: Enables CBTs and digital payments, could facilitate eKYC Social Protection: May reduce leakages and enable better targeting of intended beneficiaries Mobility and Migration: May remove barriers to cross-border migration
  8. 8. Emerging technology makes it possible simultaneously facilitate interoperability, increase privacy and improve data security Today Digital Tools Employment Health Financial Services Education Government Education Financial Services Gov’tHealth Portable, User-Centric IdentitySiloed, Non-Portable Identity Employment Digital 
  9. 9. 9 Setting 1: Infant Registration 1 Infant X is brought into Clinic A for their routine immunization without a prior birth registration 2 Clinic A captures. enrolls, stores X’s biometric & biographic information; performs de-duplication to make sure X is not already registered under a different name in the Country D registry 3 Clinic A completes ID validation process, issues an identity to X and creates a private key on the blockchain 4 X’s parents are able to use the information captured by Clinic A to automatically request a digital birth certificate (proof) from Country D 5 Clinic A alerts X’s parents that their child is due for a second or third dose. When X returns to Clinic A, they validate X’s identity and track the second dose 6 X is enrolled at School C. Prior to matriculation, they validate X’s identity and ask Clinic A to confirm that Y has received all needed vaccines. 7 Y applies for a bank account with Bank E by providing access to their digital identity. Bank E reads Clinic A blockchain; confirms ID proofs from Clinic A & Country D Setting 2: Refugee Registration 1 Adult Y enters Camp B with no proof of identity 2 Camp B captures. enrolls, stores Y’s biometric & biographic information; performs de-duplication to make sure Y does not already exist under a different name 3 Camp B completes ID validation process & issues an identity to X & adds to blockchain 4 Y requires medical attention. Clinic A validates identity provides Y access to healthcare services. 5 Y moves to Country D. To enter the country, Y provides access to digital identity and Country D reads the Entity A blockchain. Country D captures biometric & biographic information and performs de-duplication. Country D adds an identity proof to the consortium blockchain. 6 Y applies for a bank account with Bank E by providing access to their digital identity. Bank E reads Camp B blockchain; confirms ID proofs from Camp B & Country D 7 Y has a child and brings their child into Clinic A for their routine immunization Portable, digital identity in practice
  10. 10. 10 For example, immunization rates far exceed birth registration rates in many developing countries - offering an entry point for identity. This model of digital identity allows various “entry points,” building in a path to broad coverage and scale, while the model for the ID2020 Alliance brings these partners together to pursue a coordinated approach 0% 25% 50% 75% 100% One Dose Registered Fully Immunised 71% 37% 95%
  11. 11. THANK YOU.