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Understanding Librarians' experiences of copyright

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Presentation at ECIL 2016 in Prague on 11th October 2016 on a phenomenographic study of UK library and information professionals

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Understanding Librarians' experiences of copyright

  1. 1. UNDERSTANDING LIBRARIANS’ EXPERIENCES OF COPYRIGHT: INITIAL FINDINGS FROM A PHENOMENOGRAPHIC STUDY OF UK LIBRARY AND INFORMATION PROFESSIONALS JANE SECKER AND CHRIS MORRISON LSE & University of Kent https://copyrightliteracy.org @UKCopyrightLit
  2. 2. BACKGROUND AND OVERVIEW • Originated from the European Copyright Literacy study, but we were looking to understand UK librarians’ experiences of copyright more deeply • Copyright and IPR issues part of ethical use of information and crucial for librarians but our survey suggested they were a source of fear / annoyance / boredom / anxiety • Opportunities to enhance copyright education (both in professional qualifications and CPD) • Looking to develop confidence and understand the value of games-based learning
  3. 3. EMBEDDING COPYRIGHT LITERACY Encouraging more general awareness of copyright issues so librarians/info specialists can educate academics about complying with copyright law. Also practical awareness for students’ creative work and using [copyright] material in their own work.
  4. 4. PARALLELS TO IL
  5. 5. PARALLELS TO IL • Copyright is about ambiguity - not right and wrong answers • Copyright education can often be reactive (dealing with ‘problems’) so how can we shift it to being proactive (teaching in context)? • Copyright education requires empathy and trust • Copyright needs to be understood in context – it’s not simply a one size fits all • Is learning about copyright a threshold concept – but a portal many avoid ever going through?
  6. 6. CONCLUSIONS FROM THE UK COPYRIGHT LITERACY SURVEY Need for more cross-national analysis Librarians likely to compare favourably to other professionals? Need more qualitative data to investigate How copyright literacy is effectively embedded in education How to develop a effective approach to copyright literacy Understand the role of the generalists vs dedicated copyright professional More engaging training
  7. 7. CONCLUSIONS FROM THE UK COPYRIGHT LITERACY SURVEY Need for more cross-national analysis Librarians likely to compare favourably to other professionals? Need more qualitative data to investigate How copyright literacy is effectively embedded in education How to develop a effective approach to copyright literacy Understand the role of the generalists vs dedicated copyright professional More engaging training
  8. 8. © © COPYRIGHT AND PHENOMENOGRAPHY
  9. 9. UNDERSTANDING COPYRIGHT EXPERIENCES • Copyright is not a fixed ‘thing’ and is tied up with people’s experiences • Phenomenography (people’s experience of phenomena) seemed an ideal research method • Undertook 3 focus groups to test out the approach in HE • Allows us to understand variations in the way copyright is experienced by different types of librarians: • Academic support / subject librarians • Research support / repository staff • Teaching support staff • Enquiries / customer service • The findings are helping us to consider better ways of devising copyright education and embedding copyright into institutional strategies
  10. 10. COPYRIGHT AS AN EXPERIENCE Category 1: Copyright is seen as a problem Category 2: Copyright is seen as complicated Category 3: Copyright is seen as a ‘thing’ requiring coherent messages Category 4: Copyright is an opportunity for negotiation, collaboration and co-construction of understanding © ©
  11. 11. COPYRIGHT IS SEEN AS A PROBLEM* *Because of the fundamental tension between human and intellectual property rights
  12. 12. COPYRIGHT IS SEEN AS COMPLICATED
  13. 13. COPYRIGHT IS SEEN AS A ‘THING’ REQUIRING COHERENT MESSAGES
  14. 14. COPYRIGHT IS AN OPPORTUNITY FOR NEGOTIATION, COLLABORATION AND CO-CONSTRUCTION OF UNDERSTANDING
  15. 15. DIMENSIONS OF VARIATION • The role of the librarian • The ideology of the librarian towards copyright • Their level of knowledge: from novice > expert • Their audience – who are they dealing with? • Context of the interaction
  16. 16. COPYRIGHT AS A COMMUNITY OF PRACTICE
  17. 17. THE IN-HOUSE © EXPERT
  18. 18. COPYRIGHT EDUCATION FOR LIBRARIANS
  19. 19. Designed to teach librarians about copyright works, usages, licences and exceptions Making copyright interactive and engaging Downloaded over 2,500 times and consistently positive feedback Creative Commons Licensed COPYRIGHT THE CARD GAME https://copyrightliteracy.org/about-2/copyright-the-card-game/
  20. 20. THE PUBLISHING TRAP Find out more at: https://youtu.be/eNXesoQx-1w  Prototype games designed to teach PhD students, early career researchers and academics about scholarly communication  Aim of game is to connect your research with the wider world  Points awarded for impact, knowledge and money  Runners up prize at LILAC 2016
  21. 21. YOU’VE SEEN THE PPT AND THE T- SHIRT, YOU’VE PLAYED THE GAME, NOW….
  22. 22. FURTHER READING Åkerlind, G. S. (2005). Variation and commonality in phenomenographic research methods. Higher Education Research & Development, 24(4): 321-334. Marton, F. (1986). Phenomenography – A research approach to investigating different understandings of reality. Journal of thought, 21(3): 28-49. Morrison, C and Secker J. (2015) Copyright Literacy in the UK: a survey of librarians and other cultural heritage sector professionals. Library and Information Research. 39 (121). (forthcoming) Secker, J and Morrison, C. (2016) Copyright and E-learning: a guide for practitioners. Facet publishing: London. Todorova, T., Trencheva, T., Kurbanoğlu, S., Dogan G., & Horvat, A. (2014) A Multinational Study on Copyright Literacy Competencies of LIS Professionals. Presentation given at 2nd European Conference on Information Literacy (ECIL) held in Dubrovnik. October 2014. Retrieved March 13, 2015 from http://ecil2014.ilconf.org/wp- content/uploads/2014/11/Todorova.pdf Yates, C, Partridge, H and Bruce, C. (2012) Exploring information experiences through phenomenography. Library and Information Research, 36 (112). http://www.lirgjournal.org.uk/lir/ojs/index.php/lir/article/viewFile/496/552 https://copyrightliteracy.org
  23. 23. IMAGE CREDITS Images from Flickr licensed under Creative Commons Slide 4, 24: Microsoft clip art Slide 25: If you are not confused https://flic.kr/p/frJ48 Slide 26: Open: https://flic.kr/p/mzqM Slide 28: Video tape archive storage https://flic.kr/p/aUgdnB Slide 29: Z Smith Reynolds Library https://flic.kr/p/d7dL8d Slide 37: Back to back https://flic.kr/p/8NCuPU Others Slide 27: Views of Aberystwyth from National Library of Wales (no known copyright) Slide 32: Open clip art Slide 38: Logos owned by respective organisations, no endorsement implied Slide 39 by Jane Secker licensed under CC-BY-SA

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