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Teaching Information and Copyright Literacy: the role of librarians

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Keynote at COSI (Sirsi Dynix) Conference - Friday 13th July 2018

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Teaching Information and Copyright Literacy: the role of librarians

  1. 1. Teaching Information and Copyright Literacy: the role of librarians Dr Jane Secker Chair of CILIP Information Literacy Group, Senior Lecturer, City, University of London @jsecker @ukcopyrightlit @infolitgroup
  2. 2. What am I talking about? Teaching Information literacy and copyright literacy The role of librarians The role of systems librarians
  3. 3. In 2005…. Stanley Wilder, a US librarian suggested: “Information Literacy Makes All the Wrong Assumptions” Wilder (2005)
  4. 4. Meanwhile in 1962….. Arthur C. Clarke told us …. Any sufficiently advanced technology technology is indistinguishable from from magic.
  5. 5. The truth is out there Maybe…. just who’s truth and from what perspective?
  6. 6. What is the role of the systems librarian in supporting learning? 1. Grab your phone 2. Go to www.menti.com 3. Enter the code 97 97 77 and vote!
  7. 7. Poor information practices What causes them?
  8. 8. Information Literacy is…… “…the ability to think critically and make balanced judgements about any information we find and use. It empowers us as citizens to develop informed views and to engage fully with society.”
  9. 9. Information Literacy and Everyday Life • Checking information online • Online transactions • Behave ethically online • Use of Social media • Awareness of your digital footprint and privacy
  10. 10. Information Literacy and Citizenship • How to understand the world around us • Recognise bias and misinformation in the media, in politics • Tackle ‘Fake news’ • Develop critical judgement
  11. 11. Information Literacy and Education • All stages of education • School, Further Education and Higher Education • Critical thinking skills • Transition from school to FE / HE and the workplace • Equips learners with intellectual strategies
  12. 12. Information Literacy and the Workplace • The value of information to help achieve organizational aims and add value • Interpret work related information • Contributes to employability • Teamworking • Problem solving and analytical skills
  13. 13. Information Literacy and Health • Finding reliable sources of health information for patients and carers • Helping make informed choices about healthcare • Working with HLG and Health Education England on campaigns such as “A million decisions” and the Health Literacy Toolkit
  14. 14. What I’ve learnt from studying information literacy • Frameworks: ANCIL research • Global issue: ACRL Global perspectives study • Need for evidence: Research bursaries, Project Information Literacy
  15. 15. What I’ve learnt from teaching information literacy • It’s complex and dangerous to make assumptions about what people know • Many teachers and academics do care but don’t understand how to foster these abilities in students • Concealing complexity helps users but is problematic • We need ways to expose information structures and privilege
  16. 16. Copyright infringement • Understanding what causes it • Ideological objections • For some it’s to do with not wanting to pay • For many it’s to do with the ease of getting access to content when there might not be a legitimate route.
  17. 17. Copyright literacy is…… “acquiring and demonstrating the appropriate knowledge, skills and behaviours to enable the ethical creation and use of copyright material.” Secker and Morrison, 2016, p.211
  18. 18. What I’ve learnt from studying copyright literacy • Copyright is frustrating, confusing and a professional problem • Some librarians want to help, some want to run away because they worry about risk • Information professionals feel caught in the middle and morally conflicted because of their role providing people with access to information. • This is a key library issue
  19. 19. “Excited - like the idea that copyright is a gateway. Should enable access to culture, rather than barrier” “Warm and Fuzzy” “Love it! It's kept me in the lifestyle to which I have become accustomed”
  20. 20. “Confused, cautious, faintly nauseous!” “Frustrated, confused. Can I risk it? Can my organisation risk it?” “Worried, anxious” “Like the receiver (and thrower) of a hot potato”
  21. 21. What can we do? Information literacy Copyright literacy
  22. 22. What can the information profession do about this? TEACHIN G
  23. 23. What can the information profession do about this? TECHNOLOG Y
  24. 24. Building systems…. • Legal systems: e.g. Digital Single Market • Technology: e.g. Content ID • Cultural and communicative practices or literacies
  25. 25. Safiya Umoja Noble
  26. 26. Critical digital literacy. Hinrichsen & Coombs (2014).
  27. 27. Critical literacy may save us.. Education not training Balance between content and approach Getting comfortable with uncertainty Avoiding binaries ?
  28. 28. The value of games and play
  29. 29. Thank you Any questions? @jsecker Jane.Secker@city.ac.uk
  30. 30. Credits I’m grateful to Chris Morrison for many conversations about ideas expressed in this keynote. Further information is available on our website: copyrightliteracy.org All Images are CC-0 from Unsplash.com apart from Slide 2, 26, 27, 28 which includes images and logos under Section 32 of the Copyright Designs and Patents Act (illustration for instruction) and Slide 29 which includes open clip art
  31. 31. Further reading CILIP Definition of Information Literacy (2018) Available at: https://infolit.org.uk/ILdefinitionCILIP2018.pdf Clarke, Arthur C. (1962) 'Hazards of Prophecy: The Failure of Imagination' in the collection Profiles of the Future: An Enquiry into the Limits of the Possible (1962, rev. 1973), pp. 14, 21, 36. Hinrichsen, J., & Coombs, A. (2014). The five resources of critical digital literacy: a framework for curriculum integration. Research in Learning Technology, 21. Morrison, C and Secker J. (2015) Copyright Literacy in the UK: a survey of librarians and other cultural heritage sector professionals. Library and Information Research. 39 (121) http://www.lirgjournal.org.uk/lir/ojs/index.php/lir/article/view/675 Morrison, C & Secker, J. (2017). Understanding librarians’ experiences of copyright: findings from a phenomenographic study of UK information professionals. Library Management, 38 (6/7) Noble, Safiya (2018) Algorithms of Oppression: how search engines reinforce racism. New York University Press. Wilder, Stanley (2005, January). Information Literacy Makes all the Wrong Assumptions. Chronicle of Higher Education. Available at: https://www.chronicle.com/article/Information-Literacy-Makes-All/21377 https://copyrightliteracy.org/resources/

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