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Lecture recording: what does it mean to be open?


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Slides from OER17 on 5th April 2017

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Lecture recording: what does it mean to be open?

  1. 1. Lecture recording: what does it mean to be open? Jane Secker, LSE and Chris Morrison, University of Kent @jsecker @cbowiemorrison @UKCopyrightLit OER17 Conference 5-6 April 2017
  2. 2. The research team Chris Morrison, University of Kent @cbowiemorrison Dr Jane Secker, LSE @jsecker Juliana Rios-Amaya,LSE Report available online
  3. 3. The open classroom or a private space?
  4. 4. Is being open a ‘Risky Business’? Risky Business, © 1983 Geffen Pictures, Dir. Paul Brickman
  5. 5. Risky Business? Risky Business, © 1983 Geffen Pictures, Dir. Paul Brickman
  6. 6. Licence vs exceptions
  7. 7. The survey Survey devised by: Jane Secker, Chris Morrison, Philippa Hatch, Alex Fenlon, Charlotte Booth, Carol Summerside, Helen Cargill, Phil Ansell and Scott McGowan
  8. 8. The issues examined • Lecture recording & IPR (intellectual property rights) policies • Consent from individuals • Dealing with 3rd party copyright • Move towards open practice • Wider IPR issues Full report available at
  9. 9. Yes - my institution has a written policy 29% No - my institution has no policy or documented approach to lecture capture 31% Sort of - my institution has a documented approach to lecture capture but it is not expressed as a single formal policy 40% Does your institution have a policy covering IPR issues with lecture recording? (N=33) Headline findings
  10. 10. Academic consultation Figure 2: Did your institution consult widely with the academic community before introducing a policy or approach to lecture recording? (n=33)
  11. 11. Opt in vs opt out
  12. 12. Responsibility for 3rd party copyright The lecturer would be expected to observe copyright and can apply to the Copyright Clearance Service for advice. 3% 9% 18% 21% 94% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% School Administration Staff Other E-learning / VLE team Compliance Officer / Team Lecturer/presenter Figure 8. Who takes responsibility for rights issues with content included in lectures? (n=33)
  13. 13. Responsibility for third party copyright Yes 3% No 83% No Answer 14% Figure 11. Do you, or any one else in the university, review lecturer recordings to identify content that is not permitted under UK copyright law or university licences? (n=33)
  14. 14. Making staff aware of copyright issues 9% 18% 33% 73% 73% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% They are not made aware of these issues It’s in the staff terms and conditions They are provided with advice as part of staff induction / training Information is on the website They are provided with advice as part of agreeing to use the lecture recording system Figure 9. How are staff made aware of copyright issues that might arise in recording lectures? (n=33)
  15. 15. Where are recordings stored? 6% 9% 12% 12% 64% 88% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% On any website, no password required Other On external web services (e.g. itunesU, Vimeo and You Tube) On personal computers and shared drives (e.g. University network, home PC,… On a password controlled VLE (e.g. Blackboard, Moodle etc) On the lecture capture service (Echo 360, Panopto etc) Figure 3. Where does your university permit captured lectures to be stored? (n=35)
  16. 16. Policy analysis • Examined 11 institutions • Compared with Jisc guidance as a benchmark • Looked only at what was provided (some policies are behind registration walls) • Created 5 higher level and 12 lower level categories
  17. 17. High level categories Appetite for risk Support and guidance Institutional control Open practice Comprehensiveness of approach
  18. 18. Emerging patterns
  19. 19. Findings Variety of approaches No clear models as yet Policy is not the same as practice Jisc guidance not widely adopted Support should be clear, helpful and practical Institutional culture of risk difficult to determine Open practice not widespread
  20. 20. Recommendations Minimum standards in lecture recording policy should be adopted Staff and students should be involved in policy development Responsibility for managing risk should be clarified Copyright advice and guidance should be provided Institutional policies should refer to ‘open educational resources’ and open practice far more
  21. 21. Embedding open practice
  22. 22. Further Research Relationship between institutional approach to risk and lecture recording Understand optimum involvement of academic staff in debates Exploring the impact of copyright guidance and levels of copyright literacy amongst staff Identify ways to engage with ‘open’ culture alongside concerns over academic identities
  23. 23. Further reading • Elmes, John. (2016) Universities ‘uncertain’ about lecture- capture copyright. Times Higher Education Supplement. 8 December 2016. Available at: uncertain-about-lecture-capture-copyright • IPAN (2016) University IP Policy: Perception and practice. Available at: ersity_IP_Policy_v11-2r_online-mainr_28jul16.pdf • Jisc (2015) Recording lectures: legal considerations. considerations • Rios-Amaya, Juliana, Secker, Jane and Morrison, Chris (2016) Lecture recording in higher education: risky business or evolving open practice. LSE / University of Kent, London, UK. • Secker, J. & Morrison, C. 2016. Copyright and E-learning: a guide for practitioners, Second Edition. Facet Publishing, London. pp. 103-105. • Secker, J., Bond, S., & Grussendorf, S. 2010. Lecture Capture: rich and strange, or a dark art? LSE Research Online. Available:
  24. 24. Image Credits Slide 1: Zero7/2One by Jan Jablunka CC-BY Slide 3: Slide 4-5: Images from the 1983 film ‘Risky Business’, used under S.32 Illustration for Instruction, © Geffen Pictures, Dir. Paul Brickman Slide 7: Contracts by NobMouse CC-BY Slide 8: Camera operator setting up the video camera by jshawkins CC-BY Slides 17 and 20: Clip art Slide 22: Jane Secker Licensed under CC-BY Slide 24: © Facet Publishing