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Jane Secker, LSE
Chris Morrison, University of Kent
@jsecker @cbowiemorrison @UKCopyrightLit
https://copyrightliteracy.org...
The research team
Chris Morrison,
University of Kent
@cbowiemorrison
Dr Jane Secker, LSE
@jsecker
Juliana Rios-Amaya,LSE
R...
Risky Business?
Risky Business, © 1983 Geffen Pictures, Dir. Paul Brickman
Risky Business?
Risky Business, © 1983 Geffen Pictures, Dir. Paul Brickman
Licence vs Exception
What?
Why?
How?
When?
Survey devised by: Jane Secker, Chris Morrison, Philippa Hatch,
Alex Fenlon, Charlotte Booth, Carol ...
Lecture recording
& IPR (intellectual
property rights)
policies
Consent from
individuals
Dealing with 3rd
party copyright
...
Yes - my
institution has a
written policy
29%
No - my
institution has no
policy or
documented
approach to
lecture capture
...
Academic consultation
Figure 2: Did your institution consult widely with the
academic community before introducing a polic...
Opt-in vs opt-out
(n=35)
Individual consent
(n=35)
Responsibility for 3rd party copyright
The lecturer would be expected to observe copyright and can apply to the
Copyright ...
Dealing with third party copyright issues
7%
20%
30%
50%
50%
53%
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60%
They must not upload recording...
Responsibility for third party copyright
Yes
3%
No
83%
No Answer
14%
Figure 11. Do you, or any one else in the university,...
Making staff aware of copyright issues
9%
18%
33%
73%
73%
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80%
They are not made aware of th...
Wider IPR issues
Automated
processes easier, but
awareness of IPR is
low (IPAN, 2016)
Variety of attitudes
to IPR/risk – w...
Policy analysis
Examined 11
institutions
Compared with
Jisc guidance as a
benchmark
Looked only at
what was provided
(some...
High level categories
Appetite for risk Support and guidance
Institutional control Open practice
Comprehensiveness
of appr...
Emerging patterns
Variety of
approaches
No clear models
as yet
Policy is not the
same as practice
Jisc guidance not
widely adopted
Support s...
Recommendations
Minimum standards in lecture recording policy should be adopted
Staff and students should be involved in p...
Further Research
Relationship between
institutional approach to
risk and lecture
recording
Understand optimum
involvement ...
Further reading
• Elmes, John. (2016) Universities ‘uncertain’ about lecture-capture
copyright. Times Higher Education Sup...
Image Credits
Slide 3-4: Images from the 1983 film ‘Risky Business’, used under S.32
Illustration for Instruction, © Geffe...
Lecture capture: risky business or evolving open practice
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Lecture capture: risky business or evolving open practice

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A presentation given at the Learning on Screen AGM and Heron User Group meeting in December 2016 based on the recent report on lecture recording policies in UK universities .

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Lecture capture: risky business or evolving open practice

  1. 1. Jane Secker, LSE Chris Morrison, University of Kent @jsecker @cbowiemorrison @UKCopyrightLit https://copyrightliteracy.org Heron User Group Meeting, Kings College London 14th December 2016 Lecture capture: risky business or evolving open practice
  2. 2. The research team Chris Morrison, University of Kent @cbowiemorrison Dr Jane Secker, LSE @jsecker Juliana Rios-Amaya,LSE Report available online
  3. 3. Risky Business? Risky Business, © 1983 Geffen Pictures, Dir. Paul Brickman
  4. 4. Risky Business? Risky Business, © 1983 Geffen Pictures, Dir. Paul Brickman
  5. 5. Licence vs Exception
  6. 6. What? Why? How? When? Survey devised by: Jane Secker, Chris Morrison, Philippa Hatch, Alex Fenlon, Charlotte Booth, Carol Summerside, Helen Cargill, Phil Ansell and Scott McGowan
  7. 7. Lecture recording & IPR (intellectual property rights) policies Consent from individuals Dealing with 3rd party copyright Wider lecture recording issues The issues
  8. 8. Yes - my institution has a written policy 29% No - my institution has no policy or documented approach to lecture capture 31% Sort of - my institution has a documented approach to lecture capture but it is not expressed as a single formal policy 40% Does your institution have a policy covering IPR issues with lecture recording? (N=35) Headline findings
  9. 9. Academic consultation Figure 2: Did your institution consult widely with the academic community before introducing a policy or approach to lecture recording? (n=35)
  10. 10. Opt-in vs opt-out (n=35)
  11. 11. Individual consent (n=35)
  12. 12. Responsibility for 3rd party copyright The lecturer would be expected to observe copyright and can apply to the Copyright Clearance Service for advice. 3% 9% 18% 21% 94% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% School Administration Staff Other E-learning / VLE team Compliance Officer / Team Lecturer/presenter Figure 8. Who takes responsibility for rights issues with content included in lectures? (n=35)
  13. 13. Dealing with third party copyright issues 7% 20% 30% 50% 50% 53% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% They must not upload recordings including third party content to the VLE or similar Other They should rely on openly licensed / Creative Commons materials only They must edit problematic content themselves They must always seek permissions for third party content They can rely on fair dealing exceptions Figure 10. What advice do you give to lecturers using third party content? (n=30)
  14. 14. Responsibility for third party copyright Yes 3% No 83% No Answer 14% Figure 11. Do you, or any one else in the university, review lecturer recordings to identify content that is not permitted under UK copyright law or university licences? (n=35)
  15. 15. Making staff aware of copyright issues 9% 18% 33% 73% 73% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% They are not made aware of these issues It’s in the staff terms and conditions They are provided with advice as part of staff induction / training Information is on the website They are provided with advice as part of agreeing to use the lecture recording system Figure 9. How are staff made aware of copyright issues that might arise in recording lectures? (n=35)
  16. 16. Wider IPR issues Automated processes easier, but awareness of IPR is low (IPAN, 2016) Variety of attitudes to IPR/risk – what’s acceptable? Different issues for some disciplines Is lecture capture different to other VLE use? Lecture capture is too new to be considered in some policies General academic resistance to lecture capture
  17. 17. Policy analysis Examined 11 institutions Compared with Jisc guidance as a benchmark Looked only at what was provided (some policies are behind registration walls) Created 5 higher level and 12 lower level categories
  18. 18. High level categories Appetite for risk Support and guidance Institutional control Open practice Comprehensiveness of approach
  19. 19. Emerging patterns
  20. 20. Variety of approaches No clear models as yet Policy is not the same as practice Jisc guidance not widely adopted Support should be clear, helpful and practical Institutional culture of risk difficult to determine Open practice not widespread Findings
  21. 21. Recommendations Minimum standards in lecture recording policy should be adopted Staff and students should be involved in policy development Responsibility for managing risk should be clarified Copyright advice and guidance should be provided Institutional policies should refer to ‘open educational resources’
  22. 22. Further Research Relationship between institutional approach to risk and lecture recording Understand optimum involvement of academic staff Explore impact of copyright guidance and assess levels of copyright literacy Identify ways to engage with ‘open’ culture alongside concerns over academic identities
  23. 23. Further reading • Elmes, John. (2016) Universities ‘uncertain’ about lecture-capture copyright. Times Higher Education Supplement. 8 December 2016. Available at: https://www.timeshighereducation.com/news/universities- uncertain-about-lecture-capture-copyright • IPAN (2016) University IP Policy: Perception and practice. Available at: http://www.ipaware.net/sites/default/files/IPAN_NUS_University_I P_Policy_v11-2r_online-mainr_28jul16.pdf • Jisc (2015) Recording lectures: legal considerations. https://www.jisc.ac.uk/guides/recording-lectures-legal- considerations • Rios-Amaya, Juliana, Secker, Jane and Morrison, Chris (2016) Lecture recording in higher education: risky business or evolving open practice. LSE / University of Kent, London, UK. http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/68275/ • Secker, J. & Morrison, C. 2016. Copyright and E-learning: a guide for practitioners, Second Edition. Facet Publishing, London. pp. 103- 105. • Secker, J., Bond, S., & Grussendorf, S. 2010. Lecture Capture: rich and strange, or a dark art? LSE Research Online. Available: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/29184 https://copyrightliteracy.org
  24. 24. Image Credits Slide 3-4: Images from the 1983 film ‘Risky Business’, used under S.32 Illustration for Instruction, © Geffen Pictures, Dir. Paul Brickman Slide 6: Contracts by NobMouse CC-BY https://flic.kr/p/7b8UG9 Slide 7: Camera operator setting up the video camera by jshawkins CC-BY https://flic.kr/p/7prerh Slide 21: Risk by Brad Clinesmith CC-BY-SA https://flic.kr/p/aWW978 Slide 24: Facet Publishing This presentation is © Chris Morrison, Jane Secker & Juliana Rios Amaya and is licensed under CC-BY-SA 4.0 licence https://copyrightliteracy.org

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