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Copyright literacy and the role of librarians as educators and advocates: an international symposium


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International symposium presented as part of the European Conference on Information Literacy in St Malo, France September 2017. Included contributions from UK, Sweden, Norway, Turkey, Romania, Bulgaria, Hungary and Spain

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Copyright literacy and the role of librarians as educators and advocates: an international symposium

  1. 1. Copyright Literacy and the role of librarians as educators and advocates: an international symposium Jane Secker (Chair) City, University of London, Chris Morrison University of Kent, UK, Inga-Lill Nilsson, Karlstad University Library, Sweden, Ane Landøy, University of Bergen, Norway, Tibor Koltay, Eszterházy Károly University, Jászberény, Hungary, Ana Lúcia Terra , Portugal Tania Todorova and Tereza Trencheva, University of Library Studies and Information Technologies, Sofia, Bulgaria, Serap Kurbanoglu, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey, Angela Repanovici, Transilvania University, Brasov, Romania and Alicia Arias Coello, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain. IFLA Copyright Education 23rd August 2017, Wroclaw, Poland
  2. 2. Copyright education: why the time is now Technology International copyright reform Information/ misinformation about copyright Professional identity
  3. 3. Copyright literacy is…. “acquiring and demonstrating the appropriate knowledge, skills and behaviours to enable the ethical creation and use of copyright material.” Secker and Morrison, 2016, p.211
  4. 4. Critical Copyright Literacy 1. History and philosophy 2. Boundaries and balance 3. Licensing 4. Communication and sharing 5. Consequences and risk
  5. 5. Key findings from the Multi-national CL Survey • The level of CL is far from being satisfactory • Improvements are needed • There are differences across the countries • Highest scores are from countries with institutional copyright policies and training programs (such as the UK, USA, France, Finland and Norway) • Majority (92.9 percent, n=1790) thinks that CL should be included in LIS curriculum 0 20 40 60 80 100 Turkey Bulgaria France Croatia Finland Hungary LithuaniaMexico Norway Portugal Romania UK USA Appropriate level for CL training Bachelor Masters PhD
  6. 6. How to conduct multi- national surveys • Preparation • Establishing a core team, formulating research questions, working on the methodology and the survey instrument • Process • Recruitment of the research team, revision of the survey instrument from international perspective, re-formulatin of questions based on general needs, translations, establishing guidelines (setting up rules, making the rights and responsibilities clear, developing a time frame), providing institutional approvals, setting up a communication platform • Execution • Uploading questionnaire to the platform, opening separate accounts, collecting data, amalgamating data from country surveys, data cleaning, data analysis, sharing the findings through publications and presentations
  7. 7. Key question for our panel Since the Copyright Literacy Survey what practical tools and strategies to embed copyright literacy are working in your country?
  8. 8. Our panel today Ane Landøy University of Bergen, Norway Inga-Lill Nilsson Karlstad University Library, Sweden Serap Kurbanoglu Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey Chris Morrison University of Kent, United Kingdom Angela Repanovici Transilvania University, Brasov, Romania Alicia Arias Coello Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain Tania Todorova University of Library Studies and Information Technologies, Sofia, Bulgaria Tibor Koltay Eszterházy Károly University, Jászberény, Hungary Tereza Trencheva University of Library Studies and Information Technologies, Sofia, Bulgaria
  9. 9. Copyright literacy in Spain Extremely Familiar Moderately Familiar Lightly Familiar Somewhat Familiar Not Familiar
  10. 10. Copyright Literacy and LIS Professionals in Turkey General knowledge Awareness & interest 0 10 20 30 40 50 Copyright law – national Copyright law –… Copyright institutions –… Copyright institutions –… Collective Rights… Clearing Rights Licensing for information… Licensing conditions in… Copyright - institutional… Copyright - virtual… Creative Commons… Copyleft Open Access, Open Data,… Fair Use Copyright - digitization Copyright - materials… Copyright - out-of-print… Copyright - orphan works No answer Extremely familiar Moderately familiar Somewhat familiar Slightly familiar Not at all familiar 12 33 30 17 8 not at all interested slightly interested somewhat interested moderately interested extremely interested 3 28 27 30 11 not at all aware slightly aware somewhat aware moderately aware extremely aware
  11. 11. Copyright Education in Bulgaria • Updates in IP training model for the Library and Information Science (LIS) students and professionals; • Preparation and implementation of own Educational IP model for LIS students at ULSIT; • Collaboration with library associations and centers for continuing education for IP training of information professionals; • Bill on amendment and supplement to the Copyright and Related Rights Act with the main purpose of transposing into the national legislation the requirements of Directive 2012/28 / EU of the European Parliament and the Council of 25 October 2012 on certain authorized uses of orphan works; • In 2013, the Association of Intellectual Property Teachers Network - Bulgaria is founded to support the IP training in university environment.
  12. 12. Copyright literacy in Hungary The situation • Overwhelming majority agree with the need to comply with the copyright rules. • Copyright literacy is similar to other surveyed nations. • Some exceptions: e.g. low familiarity with Creative Commons Licences
  13. 13. Raising awareness in Hungarian language • An independent paper on copyright literacy as a new element in LIS education appeared. • A paper presenting the main findings of the Hungarian part of the survey is in press. • Abstracts of the international literature in Hungarian
  14. 14. General agreement • Copyright awareness is a prerequisite of successful digitisation. • It is necessary to include intellectual property issues in the curricula of LIS education and continuing education. 14
  15. 15. Copyright literacy in Romania • We are in early stage of awareness and knowledge about copyright • We have institutions working hard and develop projects to increase knowledge about copyright • There are scientific works about: • Rahme, Nicoleta: Role of the library in mediating access to protected information by copyright law, PhD thesis, Bucharest University, 2015 • Constantinescu, Nicolaie: Guide for Open Educational Resources Pillars for copyright actions and awareness • Kosson is an online open platform activating in the field of memory institutions for over 11 years. The purpose of the platform is o aggregate needed knowledge for all the specialists in the field and also for the general public. • The multilingual platform is a point for various contributions from scientific contributions up to needed data in the field of Library and Information Science. Association for Technology and Internet publicatii-academice Debating European Copyright Reform Open Education Resources are slowly getting into the discourse of the Ministry pf Education’s representatives. This is based on understanding of the open licenses.
  16. 16. Results and plans from Norway • Norwegian librarians consider themselved «moderately familiar» with national copyright laws, but less familiar with international copyright laws. • Not very familiar with institutions working for copyright: Kopinor? • Participate in the follow-up survey • Work with Kopinor • Work with library association • Work with LIS education
  17. 17. Copyright Literacy in the United Kingdom EngagementResearch Education Community
  18. 18.  From preserving to sharing  Informing, educating and collaborating  Strategic and proactive networking  Librarians as educators Copyright Literacy Copyright Education in Sweden
  19. 19. The challenge for copyright educators • How do we bridge the gap between the political and the practical? • How do we construct a discourse between publishers, rightsholders and librarians that is open and honest? • How do we navigate the tensions in the copyright agenda with regards to education and openness? • How do we sustain and develop the international Copyright Literacy Community of Practice?
  20. 20. Further reading Morrison, C & Secker, J. (2017). Understanding librarians’ experiences of copyright: findings from a phenomenographic study of UK information professionals. Library Management, doi: 10.1108/LM-01-2017-0011 Morrison, C and Secker J. (2015) Copyright Literacy in the UK: a survey of librarians and other cultural heritage sector professionals. Library and Information Research. 39 (121) Secker, J and Morrison, C. (2016) Copyright and E-learning: a guide for practitioners. Facet publishing: London. Chapter 6: Copyright education and training available online. Todorova, Tania et. al. (2017) Information Professionals and Copyright Literacy: A Multinational Study. Library Management Journal, 38 (6/7). Todorova, Tania et al. (2014), “A Multinational Study on Copyright Literacy Competencies of LIS Professionals”, in Kurbanoğlu, S. et al. (eds.) Information Literacy : Lifelong Learning and Digital Citizenship in the 21st Century : 2nd European Conference on Information Literacy (ECIL): Revised Selected Papers, ECIL, Dubrovnik, 2014, CCIS, Vol. 492, Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, pp. 138-148.