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Copyright, Education and Librarians: understanding privileges and rights

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Keynote given at the CILIP Cymru Wales Conference 2017 held in Llandudno from 11-12th May.

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Copyright, Education and Librarians: understanding privileges and rights

  1. 1. @UKCopyrightLit https://copyrightliteracy.org CIILP Wales Conference 2017 Dr Jane Secker Senior Lecturer in Educational Development City, University of London @jsecker COPYRIGHT, EDUCATION AND LIBRARIANS: UNDERSTANDING PRIVILEGES AND RIGHTS
  2. 2. • Copyright underpins many library services • Inter-library loan • Copying for users • Copyright impacts on digitisation preservation and access to our collections WHY DOES COPYRIGHT MATTER?
  3. 3. • Librarians have special privileges under the law • Section 40-44A of the CDPA in the UK • Similar exceptions around the world • Librarians negotiate and sign licences • Librarians are important copyright educators WHY DOES COPYRIGHT MATTER?
  4. 4. IT’S WHERE ACCESS TO INFORMATION MEETS THE LAW
  5. 5. SO WHY NOW?
  6. 6. SO WHAT IS THE ISSUE? TECHNOLOGY AND THE INTERNET
  7. 7. PIRACY, INFRINGEMENT & DIGITAL COPYING
  8. 8. WHERE DOES THAT LEAVE LIBRARIANS?
  9. 9. HOW DOES COPYRIGHT MAKE YOU FEEL? Online voting https://www.menti.com/2fa11d View results
  10. 10. PANIC AND FEAR
  11. 11. BUT WHAT IS RESULT OF FEAR?
  12. 12. RISK AVERSION
  13. 13. RESPECT TO THE COPYRIGHT GEEK https://copyrightliteracy.org Chris Morrison University of Kent
  14. 14. THE UK COPYRIGHT LITERACY SURVEY Survey was undertaken in 14 countries (Europe and world) UK survey undertaken in December 2014 Responses from over 600 professionals
  15. 15. OUR SURVEY SAID…. UK compared favourably to other countries in terms of copyright literacy 57% of UK librarians moderately or extremely confident about copyright matters 76% thought having a copyright policy is important and 63% have one 64% of institutions had a copyright officer (higher in HE) Copyright was a source of anxiety and professional development needed
  16. 16. UNDERSTANDING COPYRIGHT EXPERIENCES Gathering additional qualitative data Three group interviews with academic librarians Exploring variations in the way copyright is experienced Implications for copyright education and institutional strategies
  17. 17. PHENOMENOGRAPHY • A qualitative research method from education used increasingly in information literacy research • Based on Marton’s Variation theory as a way of underpinning learning • Asks open questions designed to ask what people do not why • Presents categories of description in an outcome space © ©
  18. 18. COPYRIGHT AS AN EXPERIENCE Category 4: Copyright is an opportunity for negotiation, collaboration and co- construction of understanding Category 1: Copyright is a problem Category 2: Copyright is complicated and shifting Category 3: Copyright is a known entity requiring coherent messages
  19. 19. CATEGORY 1 & 2 Category 1: Copyright is seen as a problem and avoided Category 2: Copyright is seen as complicated and passed on to specialists
  20. 20. CATEGORY 3 & 4 Category 3: Copyright is seen as a knowable entity requiring coherent messages Category 4: Copyright is an opportunity for negotiation, collaboration and co- construction of understanding
  21. 21. COPYRIGHT AS AN EXPERIENCE Category 4: Copyright is an opportunity for negotiation, collaboration and co- construction of understanding Category 1: Copyright is a problem Category 2: Copyright is complicated and shifting Category 3: Copyright is a known entity requiring coherent messages
  22. 22. DIMENSIONS OF VARIATION • The individual’s level of knowledge • Status / grade of librarian • Beliefs about the higher purpose of libraries / librarians • Their ideology towards the value and purpose of copyright • The audience • The context of the interaction
  23. 23. SO WHAT CAN WE DO?
  24. 24. WHAT DO LIBRARIANS NEED? More knowledge? More skills?
  25. 25. RETHINKING COPYRIGHT EDUCATION FOR LIBRARIANS Bridging the gap between a one day course and a PG Diploma in copyright law Focusing on what librarians need to know about copyright Focusing on their role as copyright educators
  26. 26. COMMUNITIES OF PRACTICE
  27. 27. Copyright the Card game downloaded over 2,500 times, international versions in development PLAYING WITH COPYRIGHT https://copyrightliteracy.org/abo ut-2/copyright-the-card-game/ The Publishing TrapUS version of copyright card game Copyright the Card Game NAG 2016
  28. 28. THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY August 2017 – IFLA Models for Copyright Education in Information Literacy Programs
  29. 29. IN CONCLUSION Copyright is important to librarians because of technology and the internet Our research shows that it creates fear and fear leads to risk aversion Copyright literacy is not more knowledge about copyright, it’s a new attitude and approach and about how you teach others We have resources to help and want to create more support to empower librarians
  30. 30. FURTHER READING Morrison, C and Secker J. (2015) Copyright Literacy in the UK: a survey of librarians and other cultural heritage sector professionals. Library and Information Research. 39 (121) http://www.lirgjournal.org.uk/lir/ojs/index.php/lir/article/view/675 Morrison, C and Secker, J (2016) Exceptions for libraries. Copyrightuser.org. Available online. Morrison, C and Secker, J. (2016) A Guide to Copyright. Association of University Administrators. Rios-Amaya, Juliana, Secker, Jane and Morrison, Chris (2016) Lecture recording in higher education: risky business or evolving open practice. LSE / University of Kent, London, UK. http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/68275/ Secker, J and Morrison, C. (2016) Copyright and E-learning: a guide for practitioners. Facet publishing: London. Chapter 6: Copyright education and training available online. Todorova, T., Trencheva, T., Kurbanoğlu, S., Dogan G., & Horvat, A. (2014) A Multinational Study on Copyright Literacy Competencies of LIS Professionals. Presentation given at 2nd European Conference on Information Literacy (ECIL) held in Dubrovnik. October 2014. Retrieved March 13, 2015 from http://ecil2014.ilconf.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/Todorova.pdf https://copyrightliteracy.org @UKCopyrightLit
  31. 31. IMAGE CREDITS Slide 1: Copyright Sewer by Alan Levine on Flickr: https://flic.kr/p/bmnwzW CC-BY Slide 2, 3 & 23: Helga by Jane Secker CC-BY-SA Slide 4: ‘Path path path’ by Hockadilly of Flickr: https://flic.kr/p/9KCGGb Used with permission Slide 5: Hadrian’s library at Ephesus by Monceau https://flic.kr/p/qM3MTN CC-BY-SA Slide 6: A Vernacular of File Formats, Rosa Menkman at Born Digital, Moti, Breda https://flic.kr/p/q8uAtD CC-BY Slide 7: Photo from Unsplash.com CC-0 Slide 8: : If you are not confused by Brian Talbot https://flic.kr/p/frJ48 CC-BY-NC Slide 10: Panic by Nate Stelner https://flic.kr/p/us2aa Public Domain Slide 11: : Peter pursuant licensed under CC-BY Slide 12: Rural laissez-faire by Bosc d’Anjou https://flic.kr/p/aopVVo CC-BY Slide 25: Logos from CILIP and Information Literacy Group Slide 26, 27, & 28 by Jane Secker / Chris Morrison licensed under CC-BY. Logos copyright of IFLA, ECIL and LILAC

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