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Authority, Property, Piracy:
From Copyright to the Commons
Jane Secker @jsecker
With thanks to Chris Morrison @cbowiemorri...
Some definitions
Copyright: Exclusive rights of the author in a creative work. Protects the
expression of an idea not an i...
Statute of Anne 1709
“An Act for the Encouragement of Learning, by Vesting the Copies of Printed Books in the
Authors or P...
John Locke
1632-1704
Labour
theory
“Every man has a property in his own person -
the labour of his body, and the work of h...
“That the sweat of a man's brows,
and the exsudations of a man's
brains, are as much a man's own
property as the breeches ...
“One particularly evocative
example is the language of
copyright as intellectual
property right, and of
intellectual prope...
The Intellectual Commons
From Deazley, R (2006) Rethinking Copyright, p.123
Sharing in the digital age
BROKEN
?
ACTIVISM
or PIRACY?
Creative Commons
Cultural Commons
LEARNING
Teaching copyright in
context
Copyrightliteracy.org
Copyright literacy is….
“the range of knowledge, skills and behaviours
that individuals require when working with
copyrigh...
The survey said…...
• 57% of UK librarians moderately or extremely
confident about copyright matters
• 76% think having a ...
Copyright as an Experience
Category 1:
Copyright is seen as
a problem and
avoided
Category 2:
Copyright is seen as
complic...
The role of librarians
As copyright
advisors
As copyright
educators
All part of
information
literacy
“If I have seen
further, it is by
standing on the
shoulders of
giants.”
Sir Isaac
Newton, 1676
Further reading
Ashton, K. (2015) How to Fly a Horse: the secret history of creation,
invention and discovery. Doubleday b...
Image credits
Slide 1: Photo from Unsplash.com CC-0
Slide 2: Photo by Jane Secker CC-BY-SA
Slide 4: Queen Anne / Statute o...
Authority, property, piracy: from copyright to the commons
Authority, property, piracy: from copyright to the commons
Authority, property, piracy: from copyright to the commons
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Authority, property, piracy: from copyright to the commons

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Lecture given at City University of London for Ernesto Priego as part of a publishing course

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Authority, property, piracy: from copyright to the commons

  1. 1. Authority, Property, Piracy: From Copyright to the Commons Jane Secker @jsecker With thanks to Chris Morrison @cbowiemorrison City, University of London, 24h February 2017 www.copyrightliteracy.org @UKCopyrightLit #INM380
  2. 2. Some definitions Copyright: Exclusive rights of the author in a creative work. Protects the expression of an idea not an idea. Copyright exceptions: these are circumstances when works can be used without seeking the copyright holder’s permission. Licence: a legal agreement that sets out the terms under which you are allowed to use someone else’s intellectual property. Public domain: these are works that are free from copyright restrictions (e.g. it has expired) and are therefore available to use. Creative Commons: If a work is distributed under a Creative Commons licence, you can re-use it for free under the conditions set by the licence.
  3. 3. Statute of Anne 1709 “An Act for the Encouragement of Learning, by Vesting the Copies of Printed Books in the Authors or Purchasers of Copies, during the Times therein mentioned"
  4. 4. John Locke 1632-1704 Labour theory “Every man has a property in his own person - the labour of his body, and the work of his hands”
  5. 5. “That the sweat of a man's brows, and the exsudations of a man's brains, are as much a man's own property as the breeches upon his backside” Laurence Sterne - The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman. (1759)
  6. 6. “One particularly evocative example is the language of copyright as intellectual property right, and of intellectual property right as human right, a powerful rhetoric, with little historical or theoretical credibility, but which nonetheless threatens to dominate copyright discourse and drive contemporary copyright policy.” Deazley (2006) p.8
  7. 7. The Intellectual Commons From Deazley, R (2006) Rethinking Copyright, p.123
  8. 8. Sharing in the digital age
  9. 9. BROKEN ?
  10. 10. ACTIVISM or PIRACY?
  11. 11. Creative Commons Cultural Commons
  12. 12. LEARNING
  13. 13. Teaching copyright in context
  14. 14. Copyrightliteracy.org
  15. 15. Copyright literacy is…. “the range of knowledge, skills and behaviours that individuals require when working with copyright content in the digital age”. (Morrison and Secker 2015) They recognise the dual nature of copyright literacy where librarians develop their own copyright knowledge but are also able to teach and support others.
  16. 16. The survey said…... • 57% of UK librarians moderately or extremely confident about copyright matters • 76% think having a copyright policy is important • Only 63% have a copyright policy • 64% of institutions had a copyright officer (higher in HE)
  17. 17. Copyright as an Experience Category 1: Copyright is seen as a problem and avoided Category 2: Copyright is seen as complicated and passed on to specialists Category 3: Copyright is seen as a knowable entity requiring coherent messages Category 4: Copyright is an opportunity for negotiation, collaboration and co-construction of understanding © ©
  18. 18. The role of librarians As copyright advisors As copyright educators All part of information literacy
  19. 19. “If I have seen further, it is by standing on the shoulders of giants.” Sir Isaac Newton, 1676
  20. 20. Further reading Ashton, K. (2015) How to Fly a Horse: the secret history of creation, invention and discovery. Doubleday books. Deazley, R (2006) Rethinking Copyright: history, theory, language. Edward Elgar: London. Morrison, C and Secker J. (2015) Copyright Literacy in the UK: a survey of librarians and other cultural heritage sector professionals. Library and Information Research. 39 (121) http://www.lirgjournal.org.uk/lir/ojs/index.php/lir/article/view/675 Secker, J and Morrison, C. (2016) Copyright and E-learning: a guide for practitioners. Facet publishing: London. Chapter 6: Copyright education and training available online. Soetendorp, R and Meletti, B (2016) Exceptions for education. Copyrightuser.org. Available online. Stern, Laurence (1759)The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Life_and_Opinions_of_Tristram_S handy,_Gentleman Tehranian, J (2011) Infringement Nation: copyright 2.0 and you. Oxford University Press: Oxford. Todorova, T., Trencheva, T., Kurbanoğlu, S., Dogan G., & Horvat, A. (2014) A Multinational Study on Copyright Literacy Competencies of LIS Professionals. Presentation given at 2nd European Conference on Information Literacy (ECIL) held in Dubrovnik. October 2014. Retrieved March 13, 2015 from http://ecil2014.ilconf.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/Todorova.pdf @UKCopyrightLit Copyrightliteracy.org
  21. 21. Image credits Slide 1: Photo from Unsplash.com CC-0 Slide 2: Photo by Jane Secker CC-BY-SA Slide 4: Queen Anne / Statute of Anne from Wikipedia CC-BY Slide 5: John Locke from Wikipedia CC-BY Slide 8: © Ronan Deazley used with permission Slide 9: Summer Peach Cake by William Andrus https://flic.kr/p/ajEydF Slide 10: 3D Broken Copyright by Chris Potter https://flic.kr/p/ogWUh1 CC-BY Slide 11: Tattoo by Ivan Lanin CC-BY-SA https://flic.kr/p/4vXiA9 and Kindle by Andrew CC-BY https://flic.kr/p/8WxLju Slide 13: EIFL Aaron by Quinn Norton CC-BY https://flic.kr/p/5tVxF9 and Sci- Hub logo from Wikipedia Slide 14: Slide 18, 19: Photo from Unsplash.com CC-0 Slide 15: Learning from Wikipedia CC-BY Slide 17: From copyrightliteracy.org CC-BY Slide 22: Isaac Newton from Wikipedia CC-BY

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