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  1. 1. Manic Depressive/ Bipolar Disorder Sarah Bollinger & Ben Heishman
  2. 2. Bipolar Disorder is.. <ul><li>A serious mental illness characterized by recurrent episodes of depression and mania. Episodes cause unusual and extreme shifts in mood, energy, and behavior which interferes with normal functioning. </li></ul>
  3. 3. MANIA
  4. 4. <ul><li>Extreme moods- Severely irritable or overly elated </li></ul><ul><li>Overly high self-esteem </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Increased energy- extremely hyper </li></ul><ul><li>Little need for sleep- ability to go for days on little to no sleep </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Talks too much, very quickly </li></ul><ul><li>Distracted very easily, little concentration </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Hyper-sexuality </li></ul><ul><li>Disregard for risk </li></ul>
  8. 8. Depression
  9. 9. <ul><li>Persistently sad or irritable </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of interest </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Difficulty in or over-sleeping </li></ul><ul><li>Change in appetite and body weight </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Loss of energy </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulty concentrating </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Feelings of worthlessness or inappropriate guilt </li></ul><ul><li>Recurrent thoughts of death or suicide </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Episodes can be manic, depressive, or a mixed state </li></ul><ul><li>Often co-occurs with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and ADHD </li></ul>
  14. 14. Tends to run in families More research is needed to determine actual cause of the disorder <ul><li>Medication is used to control symptoms, most commonly mood stabilizers, such as Lithium, Anti-psychotics, such as Risperidone, and Antidepressants, such as Paxil and Zoloft </li></ul>