Key

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Key

  1. 1. KEY &TERMINATIONKEY &TERMINATION
  2. 2. DIMENSIONS OF ORALDIMENSIONS OF ORAL COMMUNICATIONCOMMUNICATION Articulatory Acoustic Auditory Vibration of vocal folds Fundamental frequency Pitch Physical effort Amplitude (intensity) Loudness Timing of movements Time duration Length Cauldwell and Allan (1998)
  3. 3. Relative pitch level and pitch movement Factors affecting the pitch 1- Idiosincratic (physical conditions, sex, age) 2- Socio-cultural (social or cultural constraints) 3- Emotional (feelings and moods)
  4. 4. SYSTEM OF PITCH MOVEMENT Tone Symbol Shape Falling p Rising r + Rise-fall p+ Fall-rise r Level o
  5. 5. The pitch level on the onset syllable determines the KEY of the tonic segment. The pitch level of the tonic syllable represents a independently meaningful system: TERMINATION. KEY TERMINATION High Mid // p it’s JUSTJUST starting to RAINRAIN// Low
  6. 6. THE KEY SYSTEM PITCH LEVEL MEANING EXAMPLE High Key Contrastive ( A not B) LOST //p he GAMbled // p and // Mid Key Additive (A + B) //p he GAMbled// p and LOST// Low Key Equative (A = B) //p he GAMbled// p and // LOST
  7. 7. KEY TERMINATION High Mid // p it’s JUST starting to RAIN // Low High JUST RAIN Mid // p it’s starting to // Low High Mid // p it’s starting to // Low JUST RAIN
  8. 8. (this is the best technique that could be used) 1. //r to enTICE people// r to enCOURage// p to COME along and preSENT themselves// 2. //r to enTICE people// r to en age// COUR p to COME along and preSENT themselves// COUR 3. //r to enTICE people// r to en age// p to COME along and preSENT themselves//
  9. 9. A. // r I should think // p its time to STOP// B. // p YES // p you’re RIGHT// p its JUST FIVE// B. // p YES // r+ well if THAT’S what you THINK //p we WILL // B. // p YES // p i aGREE// r its NO use OVERdoing it//
  10. 10. THE TERMINATION SYSTEM Key Termination Meaning Example High High Expectation on the part of the speaker of a contrastive answer: yes/no. THINK LAR A: //p do you this one ger// YES B: //p // High Mid Pressure from the speaker for a favourable response by the other interlocutor. THINK A: //p do you this ones LARGer// P: //p YES//
  11. 11. Mid High Expectation on the part of the speaker of a contrastive answer: yes/no. LAR A: //p do you THINK this ones ger// YES B: //p // Mid Mid Pressure from the speaker for a favourable response by the other interlocutor. A: //p do you THINK this ones LARGer// B: //p YES// Mid Low The speaker imposes little or no constraint on the next turn taker . //r + and the QUEStion i want to PUT to you is//p DO we NEED//p an INcome icy// POL
  12. 12. Low Mid Pressure from the speaker for a favourable response by the other interlocutor. A: //p do you this onesLARGer// THINK B //p YES// Low Low The speaker imposes little or no constraint on the next turn taker //r+ and the QUEStion i want to PUT to you is//p DO we NEED//p an come icy// IN POL

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