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  1. 1. In and Out of Place at CSULB<br />Joanne Ancheta Haruchika Fujiwara Kelly Garrett Andrew Knapp Moses See<br />
  2. 2. Topic and Goals<br /><ul><li>How do students at CSULB use public space?
  3. 3. What spaces on campus attract people and which spaces do not attract people and why?
  4. 4. What spaces promote leisure, work/productivity and/or sociability on campus?</li></li></ul><li> Urban Geography<br /><ul><li>A study of public space and urban structures.
  5. 5. Researches the influence of human behavior/activity to the built environment</li></li></ul><li><ul><li> Concepts related to our research
  6. 6. Spatial variation – looks at the distribution of people from one public space to another.
  7. 7. Spatial interaction – connections and relations that develop among places as a result of movement and flow.
  8. 8. Spatial association – degree to which two or more phenomena share similar distribution
  9. 9. Sense of place – </li></li></ul><li> Data Collection Method<br /><ul><li>7 Groups of 4-5 students
  10. 10. Each group takes notes on public space at one of the seven areas on campus
  11. 11. Use of participant observation
  12. 12. Interview of one person using the area</li></li></ul><li> Data Collection Method<br /><ul><li>Groups describe each area
  13. 13. What is the space intended for?
  14. 14. How do people use the space?
  15. 15. Do the people or objects seem in or out of place?
  16. 16. What is the spatial distribution of interactive objects?
  17. 17. Walkways, benches, food, shops
  18. 18. Provide demographic information of interviewed person</li></li></ul><li><ul><li> Data Analysis Method
  19. 19. Groups describe activities which occurred in their area
  20. 20. All of the groups develop common themes about the use of each area
  21. 21. The class then reviews the field notes to determine which themes occurred in each area</li></li></ul><li><ul><li> Data Analysis Method
  22. 22. The themes describe how the space is being used
  23. 23. Ex. Sociability, productivity, transportation
  24. 24. The locations of the different themes are compared to the area where they occurred.
  25. 25. The results are used to see whether or not the specified areas promote the intended use for that area</li></li></ul><li>Results<br />The most popular spots on campus were places that contained one or more of these elements:<br />Commerce<br />Stores, vending machines, etc.<br />Nature and Open Space<br />Greenery, Shade/Sun, Water, etc.<br />Transportation<br />Bus stops, walkways, etc.<br />
  26. 26. Free Speech Zone<br />“The grass is nice for people to sit on.”<br />Commerce<br />The bookstore & dining area are located nearby <br />Nature & Open Space<br />There are a lot of trees, plants, and grass in the area<br />Transportation<br />There are a lot of walkways<br />
  27. 27. Central Quad<br />“It’s open and spacious.”<br />“I like being in the sun.”<br />Commerce<br />The Beach Hut is nearby. There are vending machines along the perimeter of the area<br />Transportation<br />There are walkways everywhere<br />Nature & Open Space<br />There are a lot of trees, plants, and grass in the area<br />
  28. 28. Student Union<br />“He ate food from Sbarro.”<br />Commerce<br />Located in the middle of the USU – there are stores all around.<br />Nature & Open Space<br />-Natural light<br />-Palm trees<br />-Water fountain<br />
  29. 29. Bookstore Area<br />“It’s nicer than being inside.”<br />Commerce<br />Near…<br /> -bookstore<br /> -dining plaza<br /> -outside booths<br />Nature & Open Space<br />There are trees and plants in the area<br />Transportation<br />Located along a busy walkway<br />
  30. 30. 49er Statue<br />“I have three classes today so being outside is refreshing.”<br />Commerce<br />There are vending machines in the area<br />
  31. 31. Maxson Plaza<br />“Warm and close to destination.”<br />Commerce<br />There’s a sales cart in the area<br />Transportation<br />There’s a bus stop nearby<br />Nature & <br />Open Space<br />-Water fountain<br />-Trees<br />
  32. 32. Library, AS, Beach Hut<br />Commerce<br />Near Beach Hut<br />Nature & Open Space<br />There are a lot of trees and plants<br />“Right outside beach hut for food…”<br />
  33. 33. Conclusions<br /><ul><li>Our campus turned out to me something of a microcosm of Whyte’s city. A combination of green spaces, water, commerce and walkways, spaces which are surrounded by a diversity of land uses were what gave people a sense of place. </li></li></ul><li>Solutions<br /><ul><li>In light of our research we suggesta few practical changes and improvements that could be made to the design of the campus.
  34. 34. Our goal: to provide people with more green spaces that are sustainable and viable additions to the campus and the environment as a whole.
  35. 35. There are many spaces on campus that could use an overhaul or would benefit from the changes we intend to suggest, for example...</li></li></ul><li>Packed on the inside, vacant on the outside<br />
  36. 36. What’s Missing?<br />As we mentioned earlier, this was reported to be a popular spot, people generally mentioned the water as being a nice element and yet a good portion of it remains empty...<br />
  37. 37. Where is everyone?<br />This space is located directly across from the coffee bean and tea leaf, an area with a lot of traffic and a popular gathering spot for students, where is everyone? <br />
  38. 38. In and Out of Place at CSULB<br /><ul><li>Does this look/sound familiar? spaces that are too large and concrete, spaces with too little green space and shade, Spaces with water that splash or soak sitting areas with no option to move closer of further in, many of these details are often over looked but result in an unused space. As can be seen in the prior slides.
  39. 39. Besides planting more trees, we would suggest that one possible solution towards utilizing these empty plazas and creating more viable space on our campus would be a roundabout, a sustainable, innovative yet ancient design for a public fountain. </li></li></ul><li><ul><li> Sustainable Round about</li></ul>“Water goes through a filter trapping excess debris, travels through an ultra violet sanitizer, where UV light energy destroys micro organisms without using harmful chemicals that create toxic “dead zones”. <br />The water is pumped up through bog plants that clean the water by filtering excess sediments and absorb toxins.<br />
  40. 40. <ul><li> Sustainable Round about</li></ul>Excess runoff not captured by the system is funneled to cistern underground, this water is then used to irrigate the surrounding street trees.<br />Like ancient Roman aqua ducts, the water uses gravity to move through four bog pools where it eventually terminates into the fountain turbulence pool, creating a water feature and a green space for the community to enjoy.”<br />
  41. 41. Questions <br /><ul><li>What other elements did you witness in some of the empty plaza photos that might deter people from using them?
  42. 42. There are many well designed and popular places on campus, are there any you can think of that disprove Whyte’s theory?</li>