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De2 1


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De2 1

  1. 1. In and Out of Place at CSULB<br />Joanne Ancheta Haruchika Fujiwara Kelly Garrett Andrew Knapp Moses See<br />
  2. 2. Topic and Goals<br /><ul><li>How do students at CSULB use public space?
  3. 3. What spaces on campus attract people and which spaces do not attract people and why?
  4. 4. What spaces promote leisure, work/productivity and/or sociability on campus?</li></li></ul><li> Urban Geography<br /><ul><li>A study of public space and urban structures.
  5. 5. Researches the influence of human behavior/activity to the built environment</li></li></ul><li><ul><li> Concepts related to our research
  6. 6. Spatial Variation
  7. 7. Spatial Association
  8. 8. Sense of place</li></li></ul><li>Literature Review<br /><ul><li>The Social Life of Small Urban Spaces</li></ul>William Whyte<br /><ul><li>The End of Public Space? People’s Park, Definitions of the Public, and Democracy </li></ul>Don Mitchell<br /><ul><li>Questioning the End of Public Space: Reclaiming Control of Local Banal Spaces</li></ul>Ronan Paddison & Joanne Sharp<br /><ul><li>Revisiting the End of Public Space: Assembling the Public in an Urban Park</li></ul>David J. Madden<br />
  9. 9. What has been researched?<br /><ul><li>William Whyte
  10. 10. Problem: The underuse of public spaces in cities
  11. 11. Question: What makes good public spaces?
  12. 12. Solutions: Variety physical features
  13. 13. may include – seating, elements of nature, proper scaling, etc.</li></li></ul><li>What has been researched?<br />What has been researched?<br /><ul><li>Don Mitchell, Paddison & Sharp and Madden</li></ul> (Glasgow, UK and Bryant Park, NYC)<br /><ul><li>Problems and Questions of concern:
  14. 14. The “end” of public spaces due to</li></ul>privatization<br />economics and competitive nature of capitalistic/entrepreneurial cities<br />regulation of spaces (order and control)<br />exclusion/inclusion<br /><ul><li>Potential conflicts over public spaces</li></ul>accessibility<br />democracy<br /><ul><li>Growing diversity of public spaces spaces
  15. 15. Production and reproduction of spaces
  16. 16. Publicity without Democracy</li></li></ul><li>What has been researched?<br /><ul><li>Don Mitchell, Paddison & Sharp and Madden
  17. 17. Solutions
  18. 18. Public Spaces are in transformation
  19. 19. More levels of surveillance, security and safety as a result of conflicts over public space
  20. 20. Different responses are necessary to this transformation of public space
  21. 21. Public Participation</li></li></ul><li> Data Collection Method<br /><ul><li>7 Groups of 4-5 students
  22. 22. Each group takes notes on public space at one of the seven areas on campus
  23. 23. Use of participant observation
  24. 24. Interview of one person using the area</li></li></ul><li> Data Collection Method<br /><ul><li>Groups describe each area
  25. 25. What is the space intended for?
  26. 26. How do people use the space?
  27. 27. Do the people or objects seem in or out of place?
  28. 28. What is the spatial distribution of interactive objects?
  29. 29. Walkways, benches, food, shops
  30. 30. Provide demographic information of interviewed person</li></li></ul><li><ul><li> Data Analysis Method
  31. 31. Groups describe activities which occurred in their area
  32. 32. All of the groups develop common themes about the use of each area
  33. 33. The class then reviews the field notes to determine which themes occurred in each area</li></li></ul><li><ul><li> Data Analysis Method
  34. 34. The themes describe how the space is being used
  35. 35. Ex. Sociability, productivity, transportation
  36. 36. The locations of the different themes are compared to the area where they occurred.
  37. 37. The results are used to see whether or not the specified areas promote the intended use for that area</li></li></ul><li>Results<br />The most popular spots on campus were places that contained one or more of these elements:<br />Commerce<br />Stores, vending machines, etc.<br />Nature and Open Space<br />Greenery, Shade/Sun, Water, etc.<br />Transportation<br />Bus stops, walkways, etc.<br />
  38. 38. Free Speech Zone<br />“The grass is nice for people to sit on.”<br />Commerce<br />The bookstore & dining area are located nearby <br />Nature & Open Space<br />There are a lot of trees, plants, and grass in the area<br />Transportation<br />There are a lot of walkways<br />
  39. 39. Central Quad<br />“It’s open and spacious.”<br />“I like being in the sun.”<br />Commerce<br />The Beach Hut is nearby. There are vending machines along the perimeter of the area<br />Transportation<br />There are walkways everywhere<br />Nature & Open Space<br />There are a lot of trees, plants, and grass in the area<br />
  40. 40. Student Union<br />“He ate food from Sbarro.”<br />Commerce<br />Located in the middle of the USU – there are stores all around.<br />Nature & Open Space<br />-Natural light<br />-Palm trees<br />-Water fountain<br />
  41. 41. Bookstore Area<br />“It’s nicer than being inside.”<br />Commerce<br />Near…<br /> -bookstore<br /> -dining plaza<br /> -outside booths<br />Nature & Open Space<br />There are trees and plants in the area<br />Transportation<br />Located along a busy walkway<br />
  42. 42. 49er Statue<br />“I have three classes today so being outside is refreshing.”<br />Commerce<br />There are vending machines in the area<br />
  43. 43. Maxson Plaza<br />“Warm and close to destination.”<br />Commerce<br />There’s a sales cart in the area<br />Transportation<br />There’s a bus stop nearby<br />Nature & <br />Open Space<br />-Water fountain<br />-Trees<br />
  44. 44. Library, AS, Beach Hut<br />Commerce<br />Near Beach Hut<br />Nature & Open Space<br />There are a lot of trees and plants<br />“Right outside beach hut for food…”<br />
  45. 45. Conclusions<br /><ul><li>We found that our campus turned out to be something of a microcosm of Whyte’s city.
  46. 46. A combination of greenery, water, commerce, walkways; spaces which are surrounded by a diversity of land uses were what gave people a sense of place.
  47. 47. Spaces on campus that don’t work tend to have the opposite spatial scenario as we will see in the slides ahead.
  48. 48. Our findings seemed to point to a healthy amount of democracy taking place on campus as can be seen in the free speech zone and numerous special interest booths. But regardless of such success...
  49. 49. We also have to acknowledge that to make public space work, we have to continue to ensure democratic practices are producing them, as Joanne pointed out, acknowledging the modern variety of public spaces will help to insure they remain successful. </li></li></ul><li>Solutions<br /><ul><li>In light of our research we suggest a few practical changes and improvements that could be made to the design of the campus.
  50. 50. Our goal: to provide people with more green spaces that are sustainable and viable additions to the campus and the environment as a whole.
  51. 51. There are many successful green spaces on campus but also many that could use an overhaul or would benefit from the changes we intend to suggest, for example...</li></li></ul><li>What’s Missing?<br />As we mentioned earlier, this was reported to be a popular spot, people generally mentioned the water as being a nice element and yet a good portion of it remains empty...<br />
  52. 52. Packed on the inside, vacant on the outside<br />
  53. 53. Where is everyone?<br />This space is located directly across from the coffee bean and tea leaf, an area with a lot of traffic and a popular gathering spot for students.<br />
  54. 54. In and Out of Place at CSULB<br /><ul><li>Does this sound familiar? spaces that are too large and wide, spaces that are primarily concrete, spaces with too little green space or shade, many of these details are often over looked but can result in unused space.</li></ul>Whyte’s perfect spaces<br /><ul><li> Besides planting more trees, we would suggest that one possible solution towards utilizing these empty plazas would be a roundabout a sustainable, innovative yet ancient design for a public fountain. </li></li></ul><li><ul><li> Sustainable Round about</li></ul>“Water goes through an ultra violet sanitizer, where UV light destroys micro organisms without harmful chemicals or toxic “dead zones”. <br />The water is then pumped up through bog plants that filter excess sediments and absorb toxins.<br />
  55. 55. <ul><li> Sustainable Round about</li></ul>Excess runoff is funneled to cistern underground, this water is then used to irrigate the surrounding street trees.<br />Like ancient Roman aqua ducts, the water uses gravity to move through bog pools where it eventually terminates into the fountain turbulence pool, creating a water feature and a green space for the community to enjoy.”<br />
  56. 56. Questions <br /><ul><li>What other elements did you witness in some of the empty plaza photos that might deter people from using them?
  57. 57. There are many well designed and popular places on campus, are there any you can think of that disprove Whyte’s theory?
  58. 58. Do you think a sustainable roundabout would draw you into a particular space?
  59. 59. Do you think there is a healthy amount of democracy taking place on campus?</li>