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Plural Of Nouns

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Plural Of Nouns

  1. 1. Plural of Nouns
  2. 2. <ul><li>The plural of a noun is usually made by adding s to the singular: </li></ul><ul><li>dog – dogs </li></ul><ul><li>house – houses </li></ul><ul><li>s is pronounced /s/ after p, k or f sound. Otherwise it is pronounced /z/. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Nouns ending in y following a consonant form their plural by dropping the y and adding ies : </li></ul><ul><li>baby – babies </li></ul><ul><li>Nouns ending in y following a vowel form their plural by adding s : </li></ul><ul><li>day – days </li></ul><ul><li>guy - guys </li></ul>
  4. 4. - f or fe <ul><li>13 nouns ending in f or fe change into v and add es in the plural: </li></ul><ul><li>knife - knives </li></ul><ul><li>life - lives </li></ul><ul><li>wife – wifes </li></ul><ul><li>leaf – leaves </li></ul><ul><li>half – halves </li></ul><ul><li>shelf – shelves </li></ul><ul><li>loaf – loaves </li></ul><ul><li>thief – thieves </li></ul><ul><li>self – selves </li></ul><ul><li>wolf – wolves </li></ul><ul><li>calf – calves </li></ul><ul><li>sheaf – sheaves </li></ul><ul><li>elf – elves </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Other nouns take only –s in the plural: </li></ul><ul><li>roof - roofs </li></ul><ul><li>proof – proofs </li></ul><ul><li>chief - chiefs </li></ul>
  6. 6. Nouns ending in -o <ul><li>Nouns ending in –o preceded by a consonant add –es in the plural: </li></ul><ul><li>tomato – tomatoes </li></ul><ul><li>hero – heroes </li></ul><ul><li>All nouns ending in –o preceded by a vowel take only –s in the plural: </li></ul><ul><li>studio – studios </li></ul><ul><li>scenario – scenarios </li></ul><ul><li>Certain foreign nouns ending in –o preceded by a consonant, take only –s in the plural: </li></ul><ul><li>piano – pianos </li></ul><ul><li>kilo – kilos </li></ul><ul><li>photo – photos </li></ul><ul><li>Double forms: </li></ul><ul><li>Fresco – frescos and frescoes </li></ul><ul><li>Flamingo – flamingos and flamingoes </li></ul>
  7. 7. Irregular plural <ul><li>man – men </li></ul><ul><li>woman – women </li></ul><ul><li>child – children </li></ul><ul><li>foot – feet </li></ul><ul><li>tooth – teeth </li></ul><ul><li>goose – geese </li></ul><ul><li>mouse – mice </li></ul><ul><li>louse – lice </li></ul><ul><li>ox - oxen </li></ul>
  8. 8. Pluralia Tantum <ul><li>Nouns denoting the names of things, tools and instruments consisting of two halves are used only in the plural: </li></ul><ul><li>trousers </li></ul><ul><li>shorts </li></ul><ul><li>pincers </li></ul><ul><li>glasses </li></ul><ul><li>scissors </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>The following nouns have only a plural form: </li></ul><ul><li>arms – oružje </li></ul><ul><li>goods – roba </li></ul><ul><li>headquarters – štab, sedište </li></ul><ul><li>premises – prostorije </li></ul><ul><li>riches - bogatstvo </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>A number of words ending in – ics (acoustics, athletics, mathematics, politics, physics etc) normally take a plural verb: </li></ul><ul><li>His mathematics are weak. </li></ul><ul><li>But names of sciences can sometimes be considered singular: </li></ul><ul><li>-Mathematics is an exact science. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>The following nouns have the same form in the singular and plural: </li></ul><ul><li>deer </li></ul><ul><li>sheep </li></ul><ul><li>means </li></ul><ul><li>series </li></ul><ul><li>species </li></ul><ul><li>cross-roads </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Nouns indicating nationality and ending in </li></ul><ul><li>– ss and –se have the same singular and plural form: </li></ul><ul><li>A Japanese – two Japanese </li></ul><ul><li>A Swiss – three Swiss </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Some nouns taken from foreign languages keep their original plural forms: </li></ul><ul><li>bas is – bas es </li></ul><ul><li>thes is – thes es </li></ul><ul><li>cris is – cris es </li></ul><ul><li>dat um – dat a </li></ul><ul><li>formul a – formul ae </li></ul><ul><li>phenomen on - phenomen a </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Some nouns have different meanings in the plural and singular: </li></ul><ul><li>arm – arms </li></ul><ul><li>good – goods </li></ul><ul><li>hair – hairs </li></ul><ul><li>cloth – clothes </li></ul><ul><li>custom - customs </li></ul>
  15. 15. Singularia Tantum <ul><li>The following nouns have no plural form, they are always followed by a singular verb: </li></ul><ul><li>information </li></ul><ul><li>news </li></ul><ul><li>advice </li></ul><ul><li>courage </li></ul><ul><li>knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>furniture </li></ul>

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