Gary Landrio - Streetcars


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Gary Landrio - Streetcars

  1. 1. Presented by TranSystems Seaside Institute Streetcar 101 What is a Streetcar?
  2. 2. What is a streetcar? <ul><li>A fixed guideway vehicle using steel wheels on steel rails </li></ul><ul><li>It is non polluting being electrically operated </li></ul><ul><li>They have been in continuous use since 1888 with the technology mature by 1925 </li></ul><ul><li>They can look state of art or reflect any look the community desires </li></ul>
  3. 3. Historic, Art Deco and Modern Car Style can match a community’s vision
  4. 4. Little Rock Main Street New Heritage looking cars made by Gomaco
  5. 5. Streetcar Significance <ul><li>Communities used the streetcar to encourage inner city residents to move outward </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Employment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Housing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recreation and Entertainment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Streetcars were the bridge from walking to expanded communities </li></ul><ul><li>The original Streetcar companies were organized by the community leaders: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The banker, factory owner, CofC, Mayor </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Streetcar Significance <ul><li>Streetcars shaped the growth of American cities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The city leaders financed the new streetcar lines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They were the real estate developer, the bank who gave the mortgage, the contractor who built the houses, the factory owner who needed the employees </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. In 1946, St. Louis Public Service bought new PCC style streetcars
  8. 8. Why did they go away ? <ul><li>Private companies could not compete with the auto </li></ul><ul><li>In many major cities including St. Louis the streetcar company was bought out by National Cities Lines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They were financed by GM, Firestone and Standard Oil to sell buses </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Do other cities use streetcars? <ul><li>Philadelphia </li></ul><ul><li>San Francisco </li></ul><ul><li>Seattle </li></ul><ul><li>Portland, OR </li></ul><ul><li>Memphis, TN </li></ul><ul><li>Dallas, TX </li></ul><ul><li>New Orleans, LA </li></ul><ul><li>San Pedro, CA </li></ul><ul><li>Tucson, AZ </li></ul><ul><li>Lowell, MA </li></ul><ul><li>Kenosha, WI </li></ul><ul><li>Charlotte, NC </li></ul><ul><li>Tampa, FL </li></ul><ul><li>Little Rock, AK </li></ul><ul><li>Under construction </li></ul><ul><li>Savannah, GA </li></ul><ul><li>Proposed </li></ul><ul><li>Birmingham </li></ul><ul><li>Lancaster, PA </li></ul><ul><li>Cleveland </li></ul><ul><li>Madison, WI </li></ul><ul><li>St. Louis - Delmar </li></ul><ul><li>Council Bluffs, IA </li></ul>
  10. 10. Do other cities use streetcars? <ul><li>Philadelphia </li></ul><ul><li>San Francisco </li></ul><ul><li>New Orleans </li></ul><ul><li>Seattle </li></ul><ul><li>Portland, OR </li></ul><ul><li>Memphis, TN </li></ul><ul><li>Dallas, TX </li></ul><ul><li>San Pedro, CA </li></ul><ul><li>Tucson, AZ </li></ul><ul><li>Lowell, MA </li></ul><ul><li>Kenosha, WI </li></ul><ul><li>Charlotte, NC </li></ul><ul><li>Tampa, FL </li></ul><ul><li>Little Rock, AK </li></ul><ul><li>Under construction </li></ul><ul><li>Savannah, GA </li></ul><ul><li>Proposed </li></ul><ul><li>Birmingham </li></ul><ul><li>Lancaster, PA </li></ul><ul><li>Cleveland </li></ul><ul><li>Madison, WI </li></ul><ul><li>St. Louis - Delmar </li></ul><ul><li>Council Bluffs, IA </li></ul>
  11. 11. Why Do they use Streetcars? <ul><li>For Economic Development </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Portland + $1,000,000,000 in development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tampa = $1,000,000,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Little Rock = $350,000,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kenoska = $150,000,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To improve mobility </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Park once and circulate </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To enhance tourism </li></ul>
  12. 12. Why is this man smiling ? Because he has seen over a Billion dollars of development since streetcars entered Memphis
  13. 13. Why is Little Rock excited ? Because developers are being challenged to keep up with the demand
  14. 14. What Little Rock’s Leaders Say <ul><li>I concluded that if I had to force my employees to live in the city, that we already lost </li></ul><ul><li>The key is not how many live in your city, but what is the quality of life of those that do? </li></ul><ul><li>A lot DT sold for $5k 5 years ago just sold for $25k “Buddy” Patrick Hays Mayor North Little Rock </li></ul>
  15. 15. What Little Rock’s Leaders Say <ul><li>The trolley brought additional pieces of critical mass to help the development </li></ul><ul><li>Without a doubt the trolley contributed to the success of downtown development County Judge Executive Bryan Day </li></ul><ul><li>A total of $1.34 Billion of development </li></ul><ul><li>It’s the vision stupid, you have to get it across to the people who are not visionary Sharon Priest former Mayor Little Rock Exec Dir DT LR Partnership </li></ul>
  16. 16. Because Streetcars will benefit an area by. . . <ul><li>Aiding visitor mobility between outlying points and within the downtown areas </li></ul><ul><li>Enhancing a downtown’s visibility as a tourist destination </li></ul><ul><li>Attracting further economic development including restoration and redevelopment investments </li></ul>
  17. 17. Because Streetcars will benefit an area by. . . <ul><li>Increasing the feasibility of perimeter parking </li></ul><ul><li>Providing seamless inter-modal connections </li></ul><ul><li>Establishing a viable transit service for the residents and for other uses </li></ul>
  18. 18. Why do they use streetcars? Kenosha is an example of a community and transit coming together
  19. 19. From dreams
  20. 20. To reality
  21. 21. Kenosha Low cost and a catalyst <ul><li>Low cost = 2 miles, 5 cars, less than $6 million </li></ul><ul><li>A Catalyst = over $150 million in development occurring since 2000 </li></ul>
  22. 22. If we build it, will it affect our community? <ul><li>Developers across the country have proven that they will invest their money when they see permanence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bus improvements do not get the same impacts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rail transit promotes public/private partnerships </li></ul></ul><ul><li>I can not get developers to commit along a bus line, but I do along the streetcar line John M. Antaramian Mayor Kenosha </li></ul>
  23. 23. If we build it, will they ride? <ul><li>I have a problem getting the 98% of our citizens who do not ride a bus into a bus. I do not have a problem getting them to ride a streetcar Len Bandrup Kenosha transit </li></ul><ul><li>Studies show that visitors especially will choose a streetcar </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Seattle lost 40% of riders with replica </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Riders came back when streetcar was restored </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. People ride for the fun of it!
  25. 25. Streetcar VS Light Rail ? The smaller magnitude of scale does not overwhelm the pedestrian
  26. 26. Streetcar stops can be icons – as in Seattle Stations versus stops?
  27. 27. and as in Memphis
  28. 28. Or as simple as bus stops as in Little Rock
  29. 29. Are streetcars accessible for everyone? Ramps and wheelchair areas in Seattle
  30. 30. Are streetcars accessible for everyone? Wheelchair lifts in Kenosha and Little Rock
  31. 31. Will the streetcar add to congestion ? <ul><li>Streetcars travel with traffic in the same lane </li></ul><ul><li>Streetcars travel at the speed of traffic </li></ul><ul><li>Parking will remain, except for streetcar stops which will take less than 3 parking spaces per stop </li></ul><ul><li>Streetcars obey traffic signals </li></ul>
  32. 32. Street running was common as here in Philadelphia where it still works
  33. 33. And here in San Francisco
  34. 34. And here in Toronto
  35. 35. Why St. Charles?
  36. 36. Connectivity!
  37. 37. What does it cost to build? <ul><li>Typical cost of $3.5-5.5M per mile includes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Track </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Streetcars </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Car barn </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Electrification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stations (stops) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Engineering design and contingencies </li></ul></ul>
  38. 38. Don’t Overdesign <ul><li>Simple construction is only 25% the cost of Charlotte or other major light rail or streetcars </li></ul><ul><li>Rebuilt used equipment cuts vehicle costs by half </li></ul><ul><li>Combining streetwork with track construction and/or overhead with lighting saves significant dollars </li></ul>
  39. 39. How will we pay for it? <ul><li>Federal and state funds for streetcar project construction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SAFE-TEA (Federal Surface Transportation funding) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Transportation Enhancement </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>CMAQ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Federal Transit Administration (FTA) grants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multi-modal project grants (transit centers) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Special legislative earmark appropriations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>State economic development funds </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Local investment strategies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Taxing District (Tax Increment Financing) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Construction bond </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>State Infrastructure Bank </li></ul></ul>
  40. 40. What will it cost to operate? <ul><li>Sponsorships = </li></ul><ul><ul><li>form a 501c3 and get sponsors from: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Banks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Health care organizations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Auto dealers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Typically less than a bus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>$ 65 per vehicle hour </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$ 7.40 per vehicle mile </li></ul></ul>How will we pay for it?
  41. 41. Where will operating costs come from? <ul><li>Farebox revenue </li></ul><ul><li>Local investments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Advertising and promotions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sponsorships </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trademarked branding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Special district taxes for the area served </li></ul></ul>
  42. 42. There is a cost of not providing this service? <ul><li>Increase in congestion </li></ul><ul><li>more parking problems in the historic district causing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased pressure for more parking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thereby Limiting redevelopment efforts and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Construction of additional downtown parking garages rather than peripheral lots </li></ul></ul>
  43. 43. How long would it take? <ul><li>Funding is the biggest question </li></ul><ul><li>Design can be done in six months </li></ul><ul><li>Actual construction would take six to nine months </li></ul><ul><li>A community could have a streetcar operating in under two years </li></ul>
  44. 44. If the Project Proceeds . . . <ul><li>Redevelopment of urban cores will move ahead with vigor </li></ul><ul><li>Congestion in downtown areas will be reduced </li></ul><ul><li>Developers will be attracted to the community </li></ul><ul><li>Property values will rise </li></ul><ul><li>Tax base will be increased </li></ul>
  45. 45. What is the next step? <ul><li>Agree that the streetcar will be a positive addition to the community </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a funding package </li></ul><ul><li>Begin the next level of details </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reach out to regional agencies (MPO, State DOT, County…..) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ridership verification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Preliminary engineering </li></ul></ul>
  46. 46. What is your community Vision?