Getting Started<br />Writing Exercises<br />
Plato’s Socratic Method or Dialectic<br /><ul><li>The Dialectic is a rhetoric method of analyzing and breaking down argume...
Fallacies<br /><ul><li>Red Herring (diversion)
Spin Doctor (flip an argument by using diversions)
Equivocation (terms change meaning)
You Also (does not follow own advice)
Appeal to Doubtful Authority (popular appeal)
Personal Attack
Sweeping Generalizations
False Dilemma (limiting the outcome)
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  1. 1. Getting Started<br />Writing Exercises<br />
  2. 2. Plato’s Socratic Method or Dialectic<br /><ul><li>The Dialectic is a rhetoric method of analyzing and breaking down arguments by using detailed questions. The opponents in this process are generally called interlocutors. Plato’s method of argumentation is often hailed as an effective rhetorical strategy in a spoken debate, but its emphasis on verbal discussion over written makes it difficult to translate into writing centered rhetoric courses.</li></li></ul><li>Thrasymachus<br />Thrasymachus is an interlocutor from Plato’s The Republic, and he represents a category of rhetoricians known as the sophists. Sophists assert that the most rhetorically convincing argument is greater than a lackluster correct argument—in other words, flash over accuracy. <br />
  3. 3. Fallacies<br /><ul><li>Red Herring (diversion)
  4. 4. Spin Doctor (flip an argument by using diversions)
  5. 5. Equivocation (terms change meaning)
  6. 6. You Also (does not follow own advice)
  7. 7. Appeal to Doubtful Authority (popular appeal)
  8. 8. Personal Attack
  9. 9. Sweeping Generalizations
  10. 10. False Dilemma (limiting the outcome)
  11. 11. Misleading Statistics
  12. 12. Begging the Question (not really self-evident)</li></li></ul><li>Free Write<br />Take out a sheet of paper<br />When I say go, try to write about any thought that pops into your head.<br />Write without stopping<br />
  13. 13. Free writing is a technique for getting your ideas on the page. The technique emphasizes writing without pause for a certain length of time. As the title suggests, and quite possibly proclaims, free writers should avoid revision in the midst of writing—ignoring spelling, punctuation and syntax until after the process is complete. The idea is to get as much on the page as possible. Jack Kerouac and Gertrude Stein are pioneers of this method of writing; however, Peter Elbow, renowned professor of composition and rhetoric, is the most contemporary advocate of free writing techniques for beginning and advanced writers.<br />
  14. 14. Idea Map<br />Idea maps are used for brainstorming and planning an essay. If you prefer to organize your ideas before you write, idea maps might be a helpful addition to your writing arsenal. Idea maps work like a sprawling tree on a time-lapse camera: one idea grows swiftly into the next. It is best to start with your central idea and expand in different directions.<br />
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  16. 16. Outlines<br />Outlines are the most familiar method for preparing to write an essay. In fact, they are so common that MLA (Modern Language Association) has devised an official format for creating them; however, word processors should be able to mimic the format without much trouble.<br />
  17. 17. Outline<br />I.<br /> A.<br /> 1.<br /> a.<br /> (1)<br /> (a)<br /> (b)<br /> (2)<br /> b.<br /> 2.<br /> B.<br />II.<br />I. Names and Works of Philosophers<br /> A. Plato, The Republic<br /> 1. Book I<br /> a. What is justice?<br /> (1) Characters in the debate<br /> (a) Cephalus<br /> (b) Polemarchus<br /> (c) Socrates<br /> 2. Book II<br /> b. What is the good?<br />II. Names and Works of Famous Writers<br /> B. Richard Adams, Watership Down<br /> 2. Part I The Journey<br />