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Energy (Krems)


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Energy (Krems)

  1. 1. energysean cubitt donau-krems Fortune 500 Global, 2013
  2. 2. Manhattan skyline, morning of August 14th 2003
  3. 3. revolutionising the means of production (mechanisation, computerisation) tendency of the rate of profit to fall externalisation of costs crisis of overproduction debt-financed over-consumption as solution to crisis crisis of privatised debt Political Economy
  4. 4. According to the US Department of Energy (2008), ‘Data centers used 61 billion kWh of electricity in 2006, repre- senting 1.5% of all U.S. electricity consumption and double the amount consumed in 2000. Based on current trends, energy consumed by data centers will continue to grow by 12% per year.’ The same agency reported in 2011 that ‘In- formation technology and telecommunications facilities ac- count for approximately 120 billion kilowatt hours of elec- tricity annually—or 3% of all U.S. electricity use’, double the figures of a scant five years earlier. The 2011 report continues ‘Rapid growth in the U.S. data center industry is projected to require two new large power plants per year just to keep pace’ (US Dept of Energy 2011). In 2006, Boc- caletti and colleagues at consultants McKinsey estimated, IT manufacture and use was responsible for 2% of global carbon emissions – like the Climate Group (2008) noting that this was the same amount as the much-criticised airline industry – and was heading for 3% by 2020, when it would be responsible for the same amount of carbon as the United Kingdom produced in 2008. The authors argued that ‘the fastest-increasing contributor to emissions will be growth in the number and size of data centers, whose carbon footprint will rise more than fivefold between 2002 and 2020’ (Boc- caletti et al 2008: 2).
  5. 5. BP Deepwater Horizon clean-up costs: total discharge 4.9 million barrels $20 billion for individual claimants $4.5 billion in fines $594 million early settlement fund. Total: approx $26 billion Royal Dutch Shell Ogoniland clean-up fund total discharge 9 - 13 million barrels Total: $15.5 million
  6. 6. • ecological damage; • the water system; • radiation; • cultural heritage • social impacts. (Senate Environment, Communications, Information Technology and the Arts References Committee 1999)
  7. 7. In order to address its own growing freshwater crises, the Chinese government has initiated massive infrastructure projects in Tibet. One such project is the Ymdrok Tso hydroelectric power station located on Yamdrok Lake, sacred to Tibetans. There are serious concerns the project will drain the lake completely as freshwater springs have dried in recent years. The loss of freshwater around Yamdrok Lake has forced local Tibetans to drink water from the lake resulting in health problems such as diarrhea, loss of hair and skin disease. According to the Tibet Government-in-Exile, Tibetans living in the area have lost as much as 16 per cent of their agricultural land due to the project. China plans to expand dam-production in Tibet with forecasts to build nearly 100 new dams across the Tibetan plateau. It also plans to build several water diversion projects to move these waters away from South and South-East Asia into China thereby restricting water supply and increasing floods, environmen- tal damage and contamination. In addition to drawing water from tributaries of the Yangtze, China has also discussed rerouting water from the Brahmaputra northwards to the Yellow River. This proposal has been described by some Indian experts as a declaration of ‘water war’ on India and Bangladesh.
  8. 8. DOWN WITH THE WEB. WE DEMAND DIRECT, UNMEDIATED, COMMUNICATIONS FOR ALL USERS! Date: Fri, 31 Jan 2014 14:29:23 +0100 From: Dmytri Kleiner <> To: <> Subject: <nettime> THE SERVER IS THE MASTER: NUMBERS STATION @transmediale
  9. 9. Salar De Uyuni, Bolivia)
  10. 10. Lithium may be the new darling of the Western green lobby but its extraction comes at a high environmental cost.The sudden insatiable demand is spurring a race to find new sources of the third element. Mining com- panies are now scouring the globe’s remotest corners, including the wilds of northern Tibet, where the Chi- nese have uncovered new reserves, as well as these re- mote salt plains of South America. Chile, currently the world’s largest supplier of the element, has estimated reserves of three million tons. This is dwarfed, however, by the potential lithium in Bolivia.The US Geological Survey claims at least 5.4 million tons of lithium could be extracted in Salar De Uyuni, while another report puts it as high as nine mil- lion tons. If the electric car is ever to become a mass- market product, the lithium beneath my feet is going to have to be mined. But the Western companies desper- ate to get at these reserves face significant hurdles. To get at the lithium below the white crust will cause irreparable damage to this landscape. In Salar De Uyu- ni, in particular, the lithium is highly diluted across the plains, so very extensive extraction operations would have to be deployed across huge swathes of the region. The process would also put incredible pressure on water supplies. . . . local South American populations find themselves having to buy water after big mining companies suck the land dry. Dan MacDougal, In search of Lithium:The battle for the 3rd element, Mail Online, Saturday, Oct 17 2009
  11. 11. Vincent van Gogh The Potato-eaters 1885
  12. 12. Kroyer Aftenselskab i Ny Carlberg Glyptotek 1888
  13. 13. Gustave Doré and Blanchard Jerrold, London – A Pilgrimage 1872
  14. 14. Edinburgh, waterfont gasometer before demolition Gas street lighting and domestic lighting expansion 1820-1840
  15. 15. Light pollution, from
  16. 16. three mile island
  17. 17. Film stills from Vladimir Shevchenko, Chronicle of Difficult Weeks, 1986, 54 mins. CHERNOBYL
  18. 18. FirstEnergy, Davis-Besse nuclear power plant, near Toledo, Ohio davis besse