Hardware and softwareHardware and software
requirementrequirement
In addition to traditional materials, such as books,In a...
Some basic appliances or programs / applications areSome basic appliances or programs / applications are
definitely needed...
notebooknotebook
A note book is an extremely lightweight personal computer. InA note book is an extremely lightweight pers...
A few additionalA few additional
peripherals, such asperipherals, such as
speakers ↓speakers ↓
All speakers can be utilize...
An earphone / headphoneAn earphone / headphone
In a computer or language lab, a headphone orIn a computer or language lab,...
MicrophonesMicrophones
 Microphone is a necessaryMicrophone is a necessary
input accessory for ainput accessory for a
mul...
HeadsetsHeadsets
 A headset consists of aA headset consists of a
microphone and anmicrophone and an
earphoneearphone (( w...
WebcamWebcam
 Webcams can be used toWebcams can be used to
create videos, to snap stillcreate videos, to snap still
pictu...
ScannerScanner PrinterPrinterprojectorprojector
11. Ten hardware requirements for e-TESOL. Ten hardware requirements for e-TESOL
havehave
been listed and introduced in th...
Software requirementsSoftware requirements
11.. OOperating Systemsperating Systems (( 操作系統)操作系統) is the software that oper...
3.3. Search EnginesSearch Engines
Search engines are often used to specificallySearch engines are often used to specifical...
5. E-Book viewers / Readers5. E-Book viewers / Readers
An e-Book reader can be a software application forAn e-Book reader ...
wordword 檔轉換成檔轉換成 pfdpfd 檔,請上檔,請上 LMSLMS 下下
載檔案。載檔案。
11 、保存原始文件樣貌:、保存原始文件樣貌:
你曾經有這樣的經驗嗎?用你曾經有這樣的經驗嗎?用 wordword 出好了考卷、教學計畫或...
 7.7. AVAV (( Traditional audiovisualTraditional audiovisual )) PlayersPlayers
The term “AV players” refers to computer p...
 9. AV Recorders9. AV Recorders
 A sound recording program (Sound Recorder) can be foundA sound recording program (Sound...
請上我的無名請上我的無名
 10. Website Creators and Managers10. Website Creators and Managers
(( Windows live spaceWindows live space ,無名,,無名, yaho...
 11. FTP Programs11. FTP Programs
(( skydrive)skydrive)
FTP is File Transfer Protocol. It is an applicationFTP is File Tr...
 12. Word Processors12. Word Processors (( WordPadWordPad ))
The most popular word processor is MS Word.The most popular ...
 13. Presentation Software13. Presentation Software
(( power pointpower point ))
Presentation software is a category ofPr...
 14. Database Management Applications14. Database Management Applications
(( Microsoft AccessMicrosoft Access ))
a studen...
15. Spreadsheet Applications15. Spreadsheet Applications
(( EXCELEXCEL ))
Spreadsheets, such as bank balanceSpreadsheets, ...
 1. Ten hardware requirements for e-TESOL have1. Ten hardware requirements for e-TESOL have
been listed and introduced. W...
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1019上課資料

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1019上課資料

  1. 1. Hardware and softwareHardware and software requirementrequirement In addition to traditional materials, such as books,In addition to traditional materials, such as books, handouts, tape-recorders, etc., a networkedhandouts, tape-recorders, etc., a networked multimedia system, its accessories, andmultimedia system, its accessories, and programs are required for integrating informationprograms are required for integrating information technology into e-TESOL.technology into e-TESOL.
  2. 2. Some basic appliances or programs / applications areSome basic appliances or programs / applications are definitely needed.definitely needed.  The basic hardware requirements for effective e-TESOL are multimediaThe basic hardware requirements for effective e-TESOL are multimedia PC’s or notebooks with access to networks.PC’s or notebooks with access to networks.  Using personal computers to present text, graphics, sound, video, andUsing personal computers to present text, graphics, sound, video, and animation in an integrated way.animation in an integrated way.
  3. 3. notebooknotebook A note book is an extremely lightweight personal computer. InA note book is an extremely lightweight personal computer. In terms of computing power, modern laptop notebookterms of computing power, modern laptop notebook computers are almost comparable to desktop personalcomputers are almost comparable to desktop personal computers.computers. Their components and functions are almost the same. The majorTheir components and functions are almost the same. The major differences are appearances, sizes, weights, and, of course,differences are appearances, sizes, weights, and, of course, prices.prices.
  4. 4. A few additionalA few additional peripherals, such asperipherals, such as speakers ↓speakers ↓ All speakers can be utilizedAll speakers can be utilized to increase sound,to increase sound, including music, voice,including music, voice, and various “sound effect”.and various “sound effect”. They are a must forThey are a must for ESL/EFL learners whoESL/EFL learners who want to use a computer towant to use a computer to practice listening activitiespractice listening activities at home or in a privateat home or in a private room.room.
  5. 5. An earphone / headphoneAn earphone / headphone In a computer or language lab, a headphone orIn a computer or language lab, a headphone or earphone can be used to replace a set ofearphone can be used to replace a set of speakers.speakers.
  6. 6. MicrophonesMicrophones  Microphone is a necessaryMicrophone is a necessary input accessory for ainput accessory for a multimedia system. Withmultimedia system. With appropriate software, aappropriate software, a microphone can be utilized.microphone can be utilized.  In a language lab settingIn a language lab setting where learners are practicingwhere learners are practicing interactive oralinteractive oral communication activities orcommunication activities or taking speaking test, it is ataking speaking test, it is a must.must.
  7. 7. HeadsetsHeadsets  A headset consists of aA headset consists of a microphone and anmicrophone and an earphoneearphone (( with one or twowith one or two speakers for one or both ears).speakers for one or both ears). In functions as a combinationIn functions as a combination of one or two speakers andof one or two speakers and microphone for a multimediamicrophone for a multimedia system.system.  It is a more convenient andIt is a more convenient and efficient tool for two-wayefficient tool for two-way communication andcommunication and appropriate for use in aappropriate for use in a multimedia language lab.multimedia language lab.
  8. 8. WebcamWebcam  Webcams can be used toWebcams can be used to create videos, to snap stillcreate videos, to snap still pictures/photos, and topictures/photos, and to record video clips withrecord video clips with ease.ease. Integration of a multimediaIntegration of a multimedia PC, a headset, andPC, a headset, and webcam creates awebcam creates a powerful communicationpowerful communication tool for language learning.tool for language learning.  This use of webcams willThis use of webcams will make oral communicationmake oral communication instruction more favorableinstruction more favorable for ESL/EFL learners.for ESL/EFL learners.
  9. 9. ScannerScanner PrinterPrinterprojectorprojector
  10. 10. 11. Ten hardware requirements for e-TESOL. Ten hardware requirements for e-TESOL havehave been listed and introduced in this class. Work inbeen listed and introduced in this class. Work in groups to think of one or more additional items ofgroups to think of one or more additional items of hardware which might be necessary.hardware which might be necessary. 22.. Nine reasons for the integration ofNine reasons for the integration of information technology into TESOL haveinformation technology into TESOL have been listed in this class. Work in groups tobeen listed in this class. Work in groups to brainstorm 2 or more rationales for thebrainstorm 2 or more rationales for the applications.applications.
  11. 11. Software requirementsSoftware requirements 11.. OOperating Systemsperating Systems (( 操作系統)操作系統) is the software that operates and handlesis the software that operates and handles the hardware devices of a computer.the hardware devices of a computer. (管理電腦硬體和軟體的系統)(管理電腦硬體和軟體的系統) 22. Web browsers. Web browsers (網路瀏覽器)(網路瀏覽器) HTTP-Hypertext Transfer ProtocolHTTP-Hypertext Transfer Protocol A web browser, often referred to simply as a browser, is a softwareA web browser, often referred to simply as a browser, is a software application that maintainsapplication that maintains a path to search, locate, display, or interact witha path to search, locate, display, or interact with all the information on Web pagesall the information on Web pages.. The three most popular browsers areThe three most popular browsers are (1)(1) MozillaMozilla FirefoxFirefox ((http://www.mozilla.com/firefox/http://www.mozilla.com/firefox/)) (2)(2) Microsoft’s Internet ExplorerMicrosoft’s Internet Explorer (( IE,IE, http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/)) (3)(3) NetscapeNetscape(( http://moztw.org/netscape/http://moztw.org/netscape/ ))
  12. 12. 3.3. Search EnginesSearch Engines Search engines are often used to specificallySearch engines are often used to specifically indicate systems likeindicate systems like (1)(1) GoogleGoogle (( http://www.google.com/http://www.google.com/)) (2)(2) YahooYahoo (( http://www.yahoo.com/)http://www.yahoo.com/) 4.4. Email programsEmail programs (( ex: windows liveex: windows live mailmail )) A popular protocol for sending email is SimpleA popular protocol for sending email is Simple Mail Transfer ProtocolMail Transfer Protocol (( STMPSTMP )) and aand a popular protocol for receiving it ispopular protocol for receiving it is POP3POP3 (( Post Office Protocol 3Post Office Protocol 3 ))
  13. 13. 5. E-Book viewers / Readers5. E-Book viewers / Readers An e-Book reader can be a software application forAn e-Book reader can be a software application for use on a personal computer, such as Microsoftuse on a personal computer, such as Microsoft Reader and Adobe Reader.Reader and Adobe Reader. (( .pdf files..pdf files. )) 6. Instant Messaging Systems6. Instant Messaging Systems Most message exchanges are text-only. However,Most message exchanges are text-only. However, some services, such as Yahoo! messenger, MSNsome services, such as Yahoo! messenger, MSN messenger, AIMmessenger, AIM (( American OnlineAmerican Online 【【 AOLAOL 】】 InstantInstant Messenger), Google talk, and ICQMessenger), Google talk, and ICQ (( I SeekI Seek YouYou )) ,allow voice messaging, video transmitting, file,allow voice messaging, video transmitting, file sharing, and video-game playing.sharing, and video-game playing.
  14. 14. wordword 檔轉換成檔轉換成 pfdpfd 檔,請上檔,請上 LMSLMS 下下 載檔案。載檔案。 11 、保存原始文件樣貌:、保存原始文件樣貌: 你曾經有這樣的經驗嗎?用你曾經有這樣的經驗嗎?用 wordword 出好了考卷、教學計畫或出好了考卷、教學計畫或 學習單,拿到家裡或學校另一台電腦要列印時,版面卻亂掉了。學習單,拿到家裡或學校另一台電腦要列印時,版面卻亂掉了。 如果我們先將檔案轉成如果我們先將檔案轉成 PDFPDF ,就不會產生這些問題了。因為,就不會產生這些問題了。因為 PDFPDF 能夠保存原始文件的所有字型、格式、顏色、以及圖形能夠保存原始文件的所有字型、格式、顏色、以及圖形 等。等。 22 、跨平台、跨平台 能在各種不同的電腦平台與作業系統間能在各種不同的電腦平台與作業系統間 (WINDOWS(WINDOWS 、、 MACMAC 、、 UNIX...)UNIX...) ,均可以相互交換及閱,均可以相互交換及閱 讀。讀。 33 、確保內容的完整性、確保內容的完整性 PDFPDF 檔案只能供閱讀不能被修改檔案只能供閱讀不能被修改 (( 除了付費的除了付費的 PDFPDF 製作軟製作軟 體體 )) , 可以確保內容完整與著作權。, 可以確保內容完整與著作權。
  15. 15.  7.7. AVAV (( Traditional audiovisualTraditional audiovisual )) PlayersPlayers The term “AV players” refers to computer programsThe term “AV players” refers to computer programs that decode digitalized audio or video data from savedthat decode digitalized audio or video data from saved files, such as Real Player, RealOne Player, Mediafiles, such as Real Player, RealOne Player, Media Player, WinDVD, Power DVD, WinampPlayer, WinDVD, Power DVD, Winamp KM playerKM player,, etc,. These players are powerful and convenient toolsetc,. These players are powerful and convenient tools with which ESL/EFL learners can play backwith which ESL/EFL learners can play back instructional materials offline or online.instructional materials offline or online. 8. Picture / Photo Players8. Picture / Photo Players Many picture players, such as ACD See, UniDreamMany picture players, such as ACD See, UniDream PowerSeePowerSee (( http://www.unidreamtech.com/), offerhttp://www.unidreamtech.com/), offer highly efficient tools with which users can browse theirhighly efficient tools with which users can browse their digital photos and windows media files on theirdigital photos and windows media files on their personal computers. ESL/EFL teachers can make usepersonal computers. ESL/EFL teachers can make use of this tool as an alternative for their picture orof this tool as an alternative for their picture or storybook presentations.storybook presentations.
  16. 16.  9. AV Recorders9. AV Recorders  A sound recording program (Sound Recorder) can be foundA sound recording program (Sound Recorder) can be found in the most popular operating system-Microsoft Windows.in the most popular operating system-Microsoft Windows. Users can use this software to create *.Users can use this software to create *.wavwav voice files.voice files. ExtraPlayer→ExtraPlayer→ (( http://www.atlas-http://www.atlas- zone.com/software/detail/Extra.Recorder.htmzone.com/software/detail/Extra.Recorder.htm )) GoldWave↓GoldWave↓ (( http://www.goldwave.com/release.html/http://www.goldwave.com/release.html/ )) (( http://download.cnet.com/GoldWave/3000-2170_4-http://download.cnet.com/GoldWave/3000-2170_4- 10001099.html?tag=recommendedDownloads10001099.html?tag=recommendedDownloads )) MP3 soundMP3 sound recorder↓recorder↓ (( http://www.cooolsoft.com/mp3rec.htmhttp://www.cooolsoft.com/mp3rec.htm )) can alsocan also be downloaded and installed for recording *.mp3 voice files.be downloaded and installed for recording *.mp3 voice files. They can be utilized to facilitate ESL/EFL listening and speakingThey can be utilized to facilitate ESL/EFL listening and speaking instruction.instruction.
  17. 17. 請上我的無名請上我的無名
  18. 18.  10. Website Creators and Managers10. Website Creators and Managers (( Windows live spaceWindows live space ,無名,,無名, yahoo blog…)yahoo blog…) Since websites are fundamental to the Web, creating aSince websites are fundamental to the Web, creating a website is the first step for participating in Internet-website is the first step for participating in Internet- based activities.based activities. For e-TESOL , a website can serve as a stage forFor e-TESOL , a website can serve as a stage for communication, interaction, discussion, andcommunication, interaction, discussion, and information exchange.information exchange. The creation and maintenance of a website is alwaysThe creation and maintenance of a website is always necessary when using the Internet for TESOL.necessary when using the Internet for TESOL.
  19. 19.  11. FTP Programs11. FTP Programs (( skydrive)skydrive) FTP is File Transfer Protocol. It is an applicationFTP is File Transfer Protocol. It is an application program for exchanging files over the Internet. FTP isprogram for exchanging files over the Internet. FTP is most commonly used to download or upload a filemost commonly used to download or upload a file from or to a server using the Internet.from or to a server using the Internet. Most free versions of the FTP programs on the marketMost free versions of the FTP programs on the market are good enough for ESL/EFL teachers and studentsare good enough for ESL/EFL teachers and students who want to manage files and websites.who want to manage files and websites. ps:ps: 請同學各自在網路上找一個免費的上傳空間,並分享請同學各自在網路上找一個免費的上傳空間,並分享 此資源在你的此資源在你的 blogblog 。。
  20. 20.  12. Word Processors12. Word Processors (( WordPadWordPad )) The most popular word processor is MS Word.The most popular word processor is MS Word. A word processor is one of the fundamentalA word processor is one of the fundamental tools for e-TESOL. Teachers and students cantools for e-TESOL. Teachers and students can use a word processing program to createuse a word processing program to create documents for e-TESOL.documents for e-TESOL.
  21. 21.  13. Presentation Software13. Presentation Software (( power pointpower point )) Presentation software is a category ofPresentation software is a category of application program used to create sequencesapplication program used to create sequences of words and graphics that tell a story or helpof words and graphics that tell a story or help support a speech or some other publicsupport a speech or some other public presentation of information.presentation of information.
  22. 22.  14. Database Management Applications14. Database Management Applications (( Microsoft AccessMicrosoft Access )) a student grade book is analogous to a file. Ita student grade book is analogous to a file. It contains a list of records, each of whichcontains a list of records, each of which consists of several fields: name, student IDconsists of several fields: name, student ID number, address, telephone number, etc.number, address, telephone number, etc. A database management system (DBMS),A database management system (DBMS), sometimes just called a database manager, is asometimes just called a database manager, is a computer program that allows one or morecomputer program that allows one or more computer users create and access data in acomputer users create and access data in a database.database.
  23. 23. 15. Spreadsheet Applications15. Spreadsheet Applications (( EXCELEXCEL )) Spreadsheets, such as bank balanceSpreadsheets, such as bank balance statements or phone bills, have been used bystatements or phone bills, have been used by accountants for hundreds of years.accountants for hundreds of years. A simple example of a useful spreadsheetA simple example of a useful spreadsheet application for TESOL is one that calculatesapplication for TESOL is one that calculates students’ grades. An ESL/EFL teacher mightstudents’ grades. An ESL/EFL teacher might define five labels- Weekly performances, Mid-define five labels- Weekly performances, Mid- Term One, Mid-Term Two, Final Exam, FinalTerm One, Mid-Term Two, Final Exam, Final Grade- for each student.Grade- for each student.
  24. 24.  1. Ten hardware requirements for e-TESOL have1. Ten hardware requirements for e-TESOL have been listed and introduced. Work with your partnerbeen listed and introduced. Work with your partner and think of one or more additional items of hardwareand think of one or more additional items of hardware which might be necessary.which might be necessary.  2. Fifteen software items for e-TESOL have been2. Fifteen software items for e-TESOL have been listed and introduced. Work with your partner and thinklisted and introduced. Work with your partner and think of one or more additional items of software whichof one or more additional items of software which might be helpful.might be helpful.  3. It is reasonable that you as an ESL/EFL teacher3. It is reasonable that you as an ESL/EFL teacher might not be totally familiar with all of the hardwaremight not be totally familiar with all of the hardware and software discussed in power point. What do youand software discussed in power point. What do you think you can do, when you confront difficulties inthink you can do, when you confront difficulties in handling hardware or software?handling hardware or software?

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