Asia china summary notes

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Asia china summary notes

  1. 1. ASIA- CHINA Built walls for protection Peace: no one invaded for a long time Isolated- surrounded by Himalayan Mtns, Gobi Desert, & S. China Sea • Shang Dynasty: 1500 BCE- 100 BCE 5000BCE farming, animal domestication • Zho Dynasty 1028-256 BCE: new economy: China GREW; Along: Yangtze R & Yellow R. noblemen gained power Isolation kept China unaware of advancements in rest of world • Qin: 221 BCE: Great Wall of China Han Dynasty: general Zhang Quian out to explore • Han Dynasty 207 BCE- Wudi sends explore to W; opens up Silk - Wudi wanted to make the best of Western trade Road; many INVENTIONS Sui Dynasty: unites N & S China with The Grand Canal • 100 CE Buddhism comes to China • Unrest & civil war in China 220 CEMIDDLE AGES • Sui Dynasty 589 CE; Building Projects increase; forced labor on Grand Canal MIDDLE AGES - Start to trade on the Silk Road built through the mountains and • Tang Dynasty: “Golden Age” 618-907 CE (inventions) across Asia • Son Dynasty: taxes for public works (inventions) • ***Mongols invade China 1234 CE: Genghis Khan • Marco Polo 1271-1295 • Mongols invade Japan 1274, 1281 (ENDED Mongol rule) Shang Dynasty: mandate of Heaven; noblemen were regional • Ming Dynasty 1368-1644 CE: CHINESE ISOLATIONISM rulers with authority • Quin Dynasty: last Dynasty Peasants couldn’t own land GROUP MORE IMPORTANT THAN INDIVIDUAL Confucious 551 BCE: impt. In govt. Shang: -writing systemof symbols & characters representing ideas Laozi (Daosim) -family & honor very important -Qin: 221 BCE: calls self 1st emperor of China; strict authority; - after death, deceased loved ones could still help Building projects.. Peasant labor -Confucionism: how to treat people/ethics MIDDLE AGES MIDDLE AGES SOCIAL: (based on status, not wealth) 1st class: emperor & court -Daoism: how to treat people & nature 2nd Class: peasants Qin: gives name to China; Great Wall of China -Han 207 CE 3rd Class: artisans Han: (Wudi) Silk Road; opened trade with West; inventions; -Sui 589 CE 4th Class: merchants paper, sundial, siesmograph, acupuncture -Tang 618 CE: trade, civil service exams Tang & Song: INVENTIONS: porcelain, gunpowder, woodblock -Song 907 CE: taxes; trade, bureaucracy print, 1st book, compass, paper money, movable type) -Mongols invade: 1205 CE strict ruler/ unliked/ ‘uncivilized’ Mongols influence -ISOLATIONISM: 1430’s missed out on Western technology Ming Dynasty: Forbidden city built; censors

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