Ancient asia india

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Ancient asia india

  1. 1. ANCIENT ASIA- INDIA Indus River Pass through area for Silk Road Ganges River (agriculture) Farming Isolated because of Oceans, Mountains surrounding Aryans enter from N 1500 BCE; warlike N Himalayan Mtns Nomadic herding -> farming; cattle = wealth Hindu Kush Mtns Vegetarians Deserts Buddhism spreads on Silk Road (Asoka-Mauyra influence) E Bay of Bengal 550 BCE Magadha Kingdom W Arabian Sea 500 BCE Persia enters Climate change or flooding end Harappan civilization? 327 BCE Alexander the Great *321 BCE Mauyra Empire: Chandragupta unites India 310 CE GOLDEN AGE OF INDIA- Gupta Empire: math, zero, decimals, number system, medicine/vaccines 400 CE Huns enter2500 BCE Harappan Civilization- Indus Valley Aryans- oral tradition- war hero & victory stories passed downIsolation allowed people to thrive, raise families, and practice Sanskrit- writing: Vedasreligious beliefs Caste system forms and is reinforced by Hindu religion of varnasCity-states Dharma: duty to stay in varnasAryans-tribes/no central leader of India (chief = rajah) 1. Brahman (priests)Society ruled by men 2. Kshatryas (wariors/rulers)CASTE SYSTEM 3. Vaisyas (artisans/merchants)• 321 BCE Mauyran Empire unites India & betters lives of 4. Sudras (lowest class) people… roads, bridges, post offices… Polytheistic• 270 BCE ASOKA spreads Buddhism • HINDUISM: Brahama (Creator), Vishnu (Preserver), Shiva• 310 BCE GUPTA Empire = Golden Age of India (Destroyer) Reincarnation & karma Writing: Mahabharata, Ramayana, Upanishads • 500 BCE BUDDHISM – Siddhartha Gautama nirvana

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