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Ancient africa strands summary


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Ancient africa strands summary

  1. 1. ANCIENT AFRICAN- Sahara desert : difficult to cross- stops movement N- Egypt & Nubia/Kush trade partners, then rivalsNile River (NE), Niger River,(W) Congo River (W): trade, water, N- Assyrians invade; then Axums invadefarming, food N-Axum: advanced weapons; controlled trade on Red SeaS- Kalahari desert Trading: cargo ships sailing the Nile- Rome, India, Persia, Egyptrainforest in Congo S- Bantu- farmers until resources used up; movedGrasslands- Serengeti W- on Niger River: Ghana/Mali taxed the caravans crossing the SaharaS- Bantu migrate: use up resources, then move W- salt and gold, ivoryW- Nok farming/family W- Mali: ISLAM Mansa Musa went on his hajj & showed off Mali’s wealth W- Mali: ISLAM – Songhai - Sunni Ali ruler W- Mali Askia the Great Morocco died of malaria N- Egypt/Kush ruler: pharoah N- Egypt: rulers were gods S- rulers: chiefs, council elders N- 330 CE Christianity to Axum (Ethiopia) S- extended families = clans; matrilineal (husband joined wife’s N- 600 CE Islamic raiders clan) S- polytheism, animism, pray to ancestors; spirit dances & masks W-Ghana ruler- king (ghana) S- family &farming: kinship (matrilineal or patrilineal) W- Mali- king (Mansa Musa,)- ISLAMIC S- oral traditions: griot (storyteller) W- Sonhai- (Suni Ali, Askia the Great) -ISLAMIC S- diviner: someone who communes with spirits W- ISLAM (Mansa Musa- hajj) W- ISLAM: 5 pillars; mosque