Water Resource Management in Costa Rica - NSTA 2010

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This presentation was offered through Holbrook Travel and the Monteverde Institute to introduce US educators to the practice of water conservation and water quality assessment protocols. Delegates from the NSTA 2010 Professional Development Workshop participated in water assessment activities through macro-invertebrate and water quality testing

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Water Resource Management in Costa Rica - NSTA 2010

  1. 1. Water Resource Management <br />in Monteverde, Costa Rica<br />Integrated Water Resources Program<br />Monteverde Institute<br />Justin C. Welch<br />03 August 2010<br />
  2. 2. Aspects of Water Resources<br />Natural:<br /><ul><li>Hydrologic
  3. 3. Biological
  4. 4. Chemical
  5. 5. Ecological</li></ul>Anthropogenic:<br /><ul><li>Health/ Wellbeing
  6. 6. Economic
  7. 7. Recreation
  8. 8. Human right</li></ul>Considerations<br /><ul><li>Quality & Quantity
  9. 9. Variable: Time & Space</li></li></ul><li>Source: Astorga, 2008.<br />
  10. 10. Availability vs. Usability<br /><ul><li>97.4% access to drinkable water and 76% to potable water
  11. 11. Of the 24.8% of the total population with sewerage, only 6.7% has wastewater treatment plant</li></ul>Source: Astorga, 2008.<br />
  12. 12. Key Legal Mechanisms<br />DPAH<br />DT<br />CA<br />SETENA<br />DIGECA<br />TAA<br />SINAC<br />DS<br />DSV<br />DSA<br />SENARA<br />DP<br />DU<br />ICT<br />DCVC<br />DA<br />DA<br />1<br />2<br />4<br />5<br />6<br />7<br />9<br />10<br />11<br />12<br />13<br />14<br />15<br />16<br />17<br />3<br />8<br />Ambiente<br />Humano<br />Emisiones<br />vehiculares<br />Legislación<br />Ambiental<br />EIA<br />OAT<br />Prevención y<br />control de la <br />contaminación<br />Corrección<br />Ambiental<br />Uso y<br />conservación<br />Del suelo<br />Sanidad<br />vegetal<br />Control y<br />vigilancia de<br />cuencas<br />hidrográficas<br />Zona<br />marítimo<br />terrestre<br />Planificación<br />y desarrollo<br />urbano<br />Prevención<br />Y atención<br />de desastres<br />Ruido<br />Suelo<br />Áreas<br />protegidas<br />Recursos<br />Biológicos<br />Gestión de <br />Recursos <br />Hídricos <br />superficiales<br />Gestión de <br />Recursos <br />Hídricos <br />subterráneos<br />Sanidad<br />animal<br />Recursos<br />arqueológicos<br />Desechos<br />Aire<br />Vertidos<br />Agua<br />Emisiones <br />Fuentes fijas<br />Biota<br />Sustancias<br />peligrosas<br />Social<br />Gestión de Recursos Hidrocarburados<br />Paisaje<br />Geología / Recursos del subsuelo<br />Fuentes de energía<br />MEP<br />MICIT<br />Presidente<br />MP<br />MIDEPLAN<br />Constitution Regulations<br />Over 100 legal instruments!<br />CONAM<br />MS<br />MINAE<br />MAG<br />AYA<br />MT<br />MJCD<br />INVU<br />CNE<br />MOPT<br />Source: Astorga, 2008.<br />
  13. 13. Non-regulatory Management<br />Communities <br />Education centers<br />Watersheds<br />Carbon neutral institutions<br />Instituto Costarricense de Turismo (ICT)<br />
  14. 14. By Will Kutosky<br />
  15. 15. General Problems<br />Urban Pollution<br />Grey water (312-365k L/d)<br />Black water (98%- septic)<br />Stormwater<br />Solid waste<br />Supply<br /><ul><li>Distribution systems
  16. 16. Legal/Governance</li></ul>Agricultural Pollution<br /><ul><li>Organic pollution
  17. 17. Erosion</li></li></ul><li>Integrated Water Resources Program<br />- I W R P -<br />COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT<br />EDUCATION<br />RESEARCH<br />
  18. 18. Growth Trends<br />5.03%<br />3.8%<br />
  19. 19. PROGRAMA BANDERA AZUL ECOLÓGICA <br />II Categoría: “Comunidades”<br />
  20. 20.
  21. 21.
  22. 22. Parameters<br />Aquatic Macro-Invertebrates<br />Dissolved Oxygen<br />Conductivity<br />Stream Flow<br />Temperature<br />Phosphate<br />Turbidity<br />Nitrate<br />pH<br />
  23. 23.
  24. 24. POOR<br />FAIR<br />GOOD<br />EXCELLENT<br />
  25. 25. Questions?<br />Justin C. Welch, MSc<br />Coordinator, Integrated Water Resources Program<br />Monteverde Institute<br />jcwelch@mvinstitute.org<br />+011-506-2-645-5053 (ext. 119)<br />

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