CONTENTS The Gallipoli Campaign The Gallipoli Campaign The Gallipoli CampaignThe Battle of Gallipoli AftermathPictures of the Gallipoli Campaign Resources
THE GALLIPOLI CAMPAIGNThe Gallipoli Campaign took place at peninsula of Gallipoli in theOttoman Empire, now called Gelibolu by the Turkish . The First WorldWar was between 25th of April 1915 and 9th of January 1916. Aoperation made by the British and French was set to capture theOttoman capital of Istanbul and secure a sea route to Russia. Theattempt failed with heavy casualties on both sides. The campaign wasconsidered one of the most greatest victories of the Turkish and wasreflected on as a major failure by the allies.
THE GALLIPOLI CAMPAIGNThe Gallipoli campaign resonated intensely among all nationsinvolved. In Turkey, the battle is understand as a defining momentin the history of the Turkish people- a final wave in the defence ofthe motherland as the Ottoman Empire was crumbling. Thestruggle laid the grounds for the Turkish War of Independence andthe foundation of the Republic of Turkey eight years later underMustafa Kemal Atatürk, himself a commander at Gallipoli.
THE GALLIPOLI CAMPAIGNThe Gallipoli campaign was the first major war undertakenby ANZAC (Australian and New Zealand Army Corps) and isconsidered to mark the birth of national consciousness inboth countries. Anzac Day, the 25th of April remains as themost significant commemoration of all the Anzac peoplethat died in that battle, surpassing Armistice Day/Remembrance Day.
THE BATTLE OF GALLIPOLI AFTERMATHThe Gallipoli Campaign cost the Allies 141,113 and the Turkish 195,000 men.Gallipoli was proved to be the Turkishs greatest victory of the war. In London,the campaigns failure led to the demotion of Winston Churchill and thecollapse of Prime Minister H. H. Asquiths government. The battle at Gallipoliproved a inspiring national experience for the ANZAC, which had not previouslyfought in a major battle. As a result, the anniversary of the landings, April 25th,is know and celebrated as ANZAC Day and is both nations most significant dayof military remembrance.