Education+ Trends+Animated+Background[1] Math & Science Trend


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Education+ Trends+Animated+Background[1] Math & Science Trend

  1. 1. <ul><li>By </li></ul><ul><li>Michelle Landau </li></ul><ul><li>William Ripley </li></ul><ul><li>Marva Martin </li></ul><ul><li>Edward L. Ruff, Jr. </li></ul><ul><li>Shamoria Payne </li></ul><ul><li>MTE501 </li></ul><ul><li>University of Phoenix </li></ul><ul><li>02/14/09 </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>Severe shortages of math and science teachers were rampant in the 1990s and continue today (Darling-Hammond, 2007) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In fact as early as the 1950s, U.S. school districts have seen a trend in a shortage of math and science teachers. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Schools are not able to keep up with growing demands for math and science classrooms. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some colleges are working on programs to inspire more students to become math and science teachers (NSTA Express, 2008) </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Shortage of Math and Science Teachers has become a trend. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trend is prevalent in predominately minority schools (Darling-Hammond, 2007). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Universities are seeing less students graduate to teach in the math and science classrooms. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The shortage of math and science teachers has created a nation of math-phobic citizens (Darling-Hammond, 2007). </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Students fear math and science and therefore less students enter these areas of study. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Better career opportunities for women (Merseth, 1983). </li></ul><ul><li>Better career opportunities for those with math and technical degrees (Merseth, 1983). </li></ul><ul><li>A decline in teacher education secondary degrees in math and science (Merseth, 1983) . </li></ul><ul><li>The teaching profession has attracted the least qualified individuals, thus causing the profession to loose its attractiveness (Merseth, 1983). </li></ul><ul><li>Society has lost respect for the profession of teaching (Merseth, 1983). </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><ul><li>Retirement of an older teaching force, more strain on Math and Science, due to fewer replacements ( Kent State University, 2006). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Low salaries, leading to teachers seeking to pursue better paying jobs and other careers ( Kent State University, 2006). </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing student enrollment, student discipline problems, along with job dissatisfaction (Kent State University, 2006). </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of teacher support from school administration and lack of input into school decision making (Kent State University, 2006). </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>The lack of qualified teachers in the fields of mathematics and science seriously impacted the instruction that students received. </li></ul><ul><li>Higher turnover rates among teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Lower test scores of students which effects funding which effects the future potential of students </li></ul><ul><li>Drop out rates becomes higher because students lack the proper knowledge. </li></ul><ul><li>( School Effectiveness & School Improvement; Sept.,2007) </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Students who have teachers with proper certification learn better in which students retain more. </li></ul><ul><li>More Federal funding received by schools </li></ul><ul><li>Lower Drop out rate </li></ul><ul><li>More qualified candidates are attracted to schools </li></ul><ul><li>(International Journal of Learning, 2008) </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>The quality of teacher preparation is increased through… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Math & Science Partnerships (Darling-Hammond, 2007). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Required subject certification, as it increases student test scores and increases teacher satisfaction (Tyler & Vitanova, 2008). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Restructure of college math into teachable math (as in done in China) (Darling-Hammond, 2007). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The number of teachers entering these disciplines increases through … </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Federal Service Scholarships & Grants (Darling-Hammond, 2007) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Private industry grants. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>We improve retention programs by … </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Better teacher induction programs (Long, 2007) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Learning teams, professional development, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>improving student discipline </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>We build upon successful models like… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>University of Toledo Grant Program (Tabner, 2008) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>High need infusion of teachers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>North Carolina Teaching Fellows (Darling-Hammond, 2007). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>$20,000 scholarships to merit high school seniors </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Must teach at least 4 years in NC </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Has supplied over 8,000 teachers with 75% retention </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Higher salaries (both starting & potential) (Tyler & Vitanova, 2008). </li></ul><ul><li>Creation of partnerships with local colleges (Long, 2007). </li></ul><ul><li>Recruitment of high school and college graduates from the same geographic area (Tyler & Vitanova, 2008). </li></ul><ul><li>Creating a reserve pool of potential “teachers in waiting” (P. Bassett, personal communication, February 5, 2009). </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Colleges and Universities Announce National Initiative to Address </li></ul><ul><li>Science and Math Teacher Shortage. (2008, November 17). </li></ul><ul><li>NSTA Express , Retrieved February 14, 2009, from Education </li></ul><ul><li>Research Complete database. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Darling-Hammond, L. (2007). We need to invest in math and </li></ul><ul><li>science teachers. Chronicle of Higher Education , 54 (17), B20. </li></ul><ul><li>Retrieved February 11, 2009, from Master FILE Premier </li></ul><ul><li>database. </li></ul><ul><li>Kent State University: Kent State University Professor Predicts </li></ul><ul><li>Math, Science Teacher Shortage in Ohio. The America’s </li></ul><ul><li>Intelligence Wire. (2006, February 23). Retrieved February 14, </li></ul><ul><li>2009, from NA General One File. Gale. Apollo Library. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Long, S. (2007). The cost of teacher turnover in math and science. </li></ul><ul><li>Science Teacher , 74 (3), 10. Retrieved February 12, 2009, from </li></ul><ul><li>Master FILE Premier database. </li></ul><ul><li>Merseth, K. (1983). Math and Science Teacher Shortage: Dilemmas </li></ul><ul><li>Old and New. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. </li></ul><ul><li>248100). Retrieved February 14, 2009, from Eric database. </li></ul><ul><li>Tabner, D. (2008). UT program trains teachers for high-need </li></ul><ul><li>school districts. Toledo Business Journal , August , 29-31. </li></ul><ul><li>Retrieved February 11, 2009, from Master FILE Premier </li></ul><ul><li>database. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>The impact of teacher preparation on student achievement in </li></ul><ul><li>algebra in a &quot;hard-to-staff&quot; urban PreK-12-university </li></ul><ul><li>partnership. School Effectiveness & School Improvement; </li></ul><ul><li>Sep2007, Vol. 18 Issue 3, p245-272, 28p </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Tyler, J., & Vitanova, S. (2008). Does MSP participation increase the </li></ul><ul><li>supply of math teachers? Developing and testing an analytic </li></ul><ul><li>model. Peabody Journal of Education , 83 (4), 536-561. Retrieved </li></ul><ul><li>February 11, 2009, from Master FILE Premier database. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Vol. 15 Issue 3, p89-97, 9International Journal of Learning; 2008, </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>