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Visualising Wikipedia Controversies:
a look inside Contropedia
Erik Borra, Esther Weltevrede, Andreas Kaltenbrunner,
Miche...
Wikipedia
● largest repository of human
knowledge
● anyone may edit it
● conditions and reflects
public opinion
Wikipedia’s most visible side
● article on global warming (image)
● article on global warming (image)
Behind the scenes: talk pages (>70 archived pages)
Complete edit history log (>20k revisions)
Contropedia aims to:
● make this huge volume of information easily
accessible
● unveil negotiations behind encyclopaedic
c...
Contropedia layer view
<2MB image of Global Warming overlay
Layer view
● which are the most disputed concepts?
● where are controversies located in the article?
● wiki links as focal...
Controversiality measure
● count edits to sentences including a wiki link
● only consider substantive disagreeing edits:
○...
<2MB image of Global Warming dashboard
Dashboard view
● ranking of the most controversial elements within
the article
● timeline shows when each element was most...
Detailed view
● all the edits involving a specific element
○ edits in chronological order
○ content added and deleted in e...
Comparison of different periods
● which are the most controversial elements in
different moments?
○ dashboard view for spe...
Summing up
● what is most controversial?
○ count disagreeing, substantive, edits to a wiki link
○ visualize with layer vie...
Contropedia can:
● increase transparency in Wikipedia
● lower barriers to participation
● foster critical digital literacy
Users and Uses
● Social researchers
● Wikipedians
● Teachers and students
● Journalists
● Citizens
Cross-language analysis
● what (and when) is controversial about a
topic in different language versions?
● preliminary exa...
Work in progress
● integrating talk pages
● beyond wiki links: templates, references, images
● edit networks, editor camps...
References
● E. Borra, E. Weltevrede, P. Ciuccarelli, A. Kaltenbrunner, D. Laniado, G.
Magni, M. Mauri, R. Rogers, and T. ...
Try the Contropedia demo!
http://www.contropedia.net/demo
david.laniado@eurecat.org
Visualising Wikipedia Controversies: a look inside Contropedia
Visualising Wikipedia Controversies: a look inside Contropedia
Visualising Wikipedia Controversies: a look inside Contropedia
Visualising Wikipedia Controversies: a look inside Contropedia
Visualising Wikipedia Controversies: a look inside Contropedia
Visualising Wikipedia Controversies: a look inside Contropedia
Visualising Wikipedia Controversies: a look inside Contropedia
Visualising Wikipedia Controversies: a look inside Contropedia
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Visualising Wikipedia Controversies: a look inside Contropedia

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Presentation of Contropedia at the Techno-Anthropology Lab at the University of Aalborg, Copenhagen

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Visualising Wikipedia Controversies: a look inside Contropedia

  1. 1. Visualising Wikipedia Controversies: a look inside Contropedia Erik Borra, Esther Weltevrede, Andreas Kaltenbrunner, Michele Mauri, David Laniado, Richard Rogers, Paolo Ciuccarelli, Giovanni Magni, Tommaso Venturini david.laniado@eurecat.org www.contropedia.net TANT-Lab, Aalborg University, Copenhagen - June 3, 2015
  2. 2. Wikipedia ● largest repository of human knowledge ● anyone may edit it ● conditions and reflects public opinion
  3. 3. Wikipedia’s most visible side ● article on global warming (image)
  4. 4. ● article on global warming (image)
  5. 5. Behind the scenes: talk pages (>70 archived pages)
  6. 6. Complete edit history log (>20k revisions)
  7. 7. Contropedia aims to: ● make this huge volume of information easily accessible ● unveil negotiations behind encyclopaedic content ● allow users to follow the development of individual topics
  8. 8. Contropedia layer view <2MB image of Global Warming overlay
  9. 9. Layer view ● which are the most disputed concepts? ● where are controversies located in the article? ● wiki links as focal points ○ the hotter the color, the more controversial the element (wiki link)
  10. 10. Controversiality measure ● count edits to sentences including a wiki link ● only consider substantive disagreeing edits: ○ substantive -> no vandalism or anti-vandalism ○ disagreeing -> delete some content ● language agnostic approach ○ based only on user activity
  11. 11. <2MB image of Global Warming dashboard
  12. 12. Dashboard view ● ranking of the most controversial elements within the article ● timeline shows when each element was most disputed ● elements that are not present (as wiki links) in the current version of the article are struckthrough
  13. 13. Detailed view ● all the edits involving a specific element ○ edits in chronological order ○ content added and deleted in each edit ● also related comments from the talk page (under improvement)
  14. 14. Comparison of different periods ● which are the most controversial elements in different moments? ○ dashboard view for specific time windows ● after 2012: ○ conflict has cooled down ○ disputes focus mostly on different issues
  15. 15. Summing up ● what is most controversial? ○ count disagreeing, substantive, edits to a wiki link ○ visualize with layer view and dashboard ● when is it most controversial? ○ controversy timeline ● what is the controversy about? ○ edit history around a specific wiki link
  16. 16. Contropedia can: ● increase transparency in Wikipedia ● lower barriers to participation ● foster critical digital literacy
  17. 17. Users and Uses ● Social researchers ● Wikipedians ● Teachers and students ● Journalists ● Citizens
  18. 18. Cross-language analysis ● what (and when) is controversial about a topic in different language versions? ● preliminary example for homosexuality ○ Catholic church appears only in Italy among the most controversial elements ○ USSR and USA are controversial in the Russian Wikipedia
  19. 19. Work in progress ● integrating talk pages ● beyond wiki links: templates, references, images ● edit networks, editor camps ● cross-language visualizations ● networks of articles and external references
  20. 20. References ● E. Borra, E. Weltevrede, P. Ciuccarelli, A. Kaltenbrunner, D. Laniado, G. Magni, M. Mauri, R. Rogers, and T. Venturini. Societal Controversies in Wikipedia Articles, CHI ’15 - Proceedings of the 33rd Annual ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 2015. ● E. Borra, D. Laniado, E. Weltevrede, M. Mauri, G. Magni, T. Venturini, P. Ciuccarelli, R. Rogers, and A. Kaltenbrunner. A Platform for Visually Exploring the Development of Wikipedia Articles, ICWSM '15 - Proceedings of the 9th International AAAI Conference on Web and Social Media, 2015. ● and more material at: http://contropedia.net/
  21. 21. Try the Contropedia demo! http://www.contropedia.net/demo david.laniado@eurecat.org

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