Sexual Violence, Intimate-partner Violence, And other abuse of women/children is growing problem. Majority of Violence against both men and women is inflicted by men Sexual violence can be more insidious because sexual acts are used ordinarily as a source of pleasure rather than pain
Causes: • Psychological Problems • Sexual Frustration • Childhood Abuse • Unbearable Life Pressures • Drug/Alcohol Abuse Violence against women is about power and control exerted over another person.
Women Who are at a greater risk: o Women of color o Young women o Older women o Illegal immigrants o Refugees o Lesbians o Transsexuals o Transgender o Women with disabilities
Many survivors feel isolated because of a lack of support, and because of the shame that surrounds sexuality and victimization in our culture • Isolation is used by child abusers and abusive inmate partners Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Common Reactions to Violence: o Self-blame, Shame, Fear, Terror, Anger, Rage, Substance Abuse, Eating Disorders, Grief, Loss, Loss of Control, Changes in Sexuality
Recover is a multi step gradual process that requires much reflection to help move through the healing process. It requires the understanding that: o The violence was not your fault o You made the best choice you could o There is no right way to feel or heal o Healing takes time and there may be setbacks o You deserve support
One of the most common forms of sexual assault During Rape survival is primary instinct. Women are often blamed for rape and attempted rape Due to the cultural views on women in society, many do not realize that they have been sexually assaulted until sometime after the incident Rape in a long-term relationship is a form of domestic abuse and can be difficult to find support for
Campus Rape: o Rape is the most common violent crime on college campuses o Colleges are required by federal law to have a policy addressing sexual assault and rape that occurs on campus o Many college administrations downplay sexual assault to maintain positive school reputation Gray Rape Although majority of rapes are committed by men, rape by women does occur If you have been raped it is critical to gain medical attention immediately
Intimate Partner Violence What to do? or Domestic Violence are o Call National Domestic the most common crimes Violence Hotline yet the least reported o Build a Support Network crimes in the world o Teach your children how to call 911 for emergency Often follows a pattern assistance o Look online for recourses Devastating Impact onto o Learn computer safety children: o Prepare a safety plan o Live in constant fear o Study abuser’s patterns o Develop physical and emotional responses to violence.
Legal system can help prevent many future cases via court ordered restraining orders Applying for and securing welfare benefits can help improve safety under a protection order Many hospitals have trained staff to deal with violence against women Many community programs help end intimate partner violence and provide a support system
Both men and women are victims of stalking, but women are three times more likely to be stalked 3 out of 4 victims know their stalker 30 percent of stalking involves a current or former intimate partner who may monitor, follow, and track down their partner Many women who experience stalking feel forced to move residences, change jobs, or alter daily habits. Stalking is unpredictable and dangerous
Sexual Abuse of Children: o Occurs when older or more knowledgeable child or adult forces, tricks, threatens, or pressures a child into sexual awareness or activity o Long term psychological consequences o Often at the hands of a trusted adult Sexual Harassment o Unwanted sexual attention o Not limited to the workplace or school
Most important step is to stop people from using violence to get their way Self-defense through assertiveness training, exercise, and boxing/other sports that promote self- confidence, self knowledge, and self- reliance is possible.
“Violence against women is about power and coercive control exerted over another person in the context of a relationship, culture, or social and institutional system.”
How do you think cultural stereotypes and predetermined notions of the roles of men and women contributed to violence against women becoming a health problem of “epidemic proportions”? And What can be done as individuals to change this culture of male dominance and move to put an end to the violence against women?