Growth And Land Use Planning

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A Planning Commission Training Presentation on Land Use and Growth Planning using a Comprehensive Land Use Plan approach.

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Growth And Land Use Planning

  1. 1. GROWTH & LAND USE PLANNING: Comprehensive Community Planning Sharon Caton, Community Planner
  2. 2. Develop A Vision Develop Plan to:  Provide framework for "smart growth"  Preserve quality of life  Foster sustainable economic base  Preserve history & ecology  Provide resource for elected officials  Relay opportunities & obstacles  Preserve Character of Community
  3. 3. PLAN ELEMENTS Population  Households  Age Distribution  Composition  Educational Attainment  Working Income  Distribution  Median Household Income  Ratio of Income to Housing Costs
  4. 4. PLAN ELEMENTS Economic Development  Labor Force – Technology  ED Resources  What to market – How Housing  Owners & Renters  Cost of Housing  Housing and Community Character  Units Under Development
  5. 5. PLAN ELEMENTS Cultural Icons  Who – What – Where Historic Preservation  What is worth saving? Recreation  Now – Future Environment  Positives  Concerns  Issues
  6. 6. PLAN ELEMENTS Community Facilities & Services  Economic Development  Public Safety – Fire, Police, EMS  Planning – Mapping – Development Review  Development – Contractor Services Water – Solid Waste – Sewer  Existing facilities  Current & Future Needs Transportation  Traffic Counts – Flow  Connectivity – Corridor Development
  7. 7. PLAN ELEMENTS Government  Management – Voice of People  Promotion – Planning  Courts – Records  Taxing –Funding – Accounting Education  Existing Facilities  Needs – Issues
  8. 8. Land Use Existing – Zoning  Ag/Forestry  Commercial  Industrial  Residential Needed - Zoning  Community Facilities  Conservation/Recreation  Historic/Preservation  Green Space/Green Building Future Land Use  Needs Assessment  Changes in Development  Community Control Mechanisms
  9. 9. Intergovernmental Coordination Local Partners  JECD  Independent Special Districts (Fire, Police)  Independent Development Authorities  County/Municipal Governments  Utility Authorities – Companies  Private Sector Developers Transportation  Road & Bridge Committees  Army Corps  TDOT  Public Works  TDEC
  10. 10. Goals and Objectives Focus  What to address now – later – Define process Function  Relate conditions– challenges – desires Research  Data – Community Principles – Character Facilitate  Communication – Planning Dedication  Plan embraced by & to serve community
  11. 11. Putting the Pieces Together History…  Identifies“starting place”  Acknowledges success – records failure  Contributes to our “sense of place”  Strengthens our “community ties”  Highlights our “values” and “what we hold dear”
  12. 12. Give me the STATS… Population 2000 2005 2015 35,912 38,603 45,864 CHEATHAM TN US Workforce  Employed 70.1% 64.3% 63.9%  Travel Time 32.9m 24.0m 25.5m  Parents 59.2% 65.3% 58.6% MFI $45,836 $ 47,950 $ 41,994 HS 79.1% 78.7% 80.4% College 16.2% 21.8% 24.4%
  13. 13. Land Use & Transportation Zoning Wetlands Watersheds Lakes – Rivers – Streams – Wildlife Tourism Roads – Bridges – Bike – Pedestrians
  14. 14. Community & Government Civic Groups Churches Training Local Leaders Key Informants Officials Organizations
  15. 15. Studies show that sprawling development costs government in terms of provision of public services like water and sewer, emergency services and transportation. Research by the Real Estate Research Corp. shows that compact growth can be as much as 70 percent cheaper for governments than in areas with more dispersed growth patterns.
  16. 16. Traditional Design Clear site, level it, and build from there Build long, wide, straight roads Knock down old homes other structures Fill springs, creeks All lots same size Include all land in lots of 1, 3, or 5 acres Promotes sprawl
  17. 17. Open Space Design Survey of property - natural landscape use Arrange access roads to fit terrain Incorporate existing features, buildings Maximize use of waterways, trails Smaller lots in array of sizes, arrangement Open space preserved for joint access Conserves land, limits sprawl
  18. 18. Traditional Design
  19. 19. Open Space – Reduced Cost Use by residents –  Creating community  Fosters preservation and conservation Less paving and runoff  Lower infrastructure – maintenance costs  Less demand on community for services Fit project to land  Flexible design  Incorporates trees, trails, pathways, landmarks Sense of place  More amenities  Identity with surroundings, neighbors Preservation of unique characteristics  Culture – history  Landmarks – monuments - icons
  20. 20. Natural features - uniqueness
  21. 21. The Big Picture Presently  Future Needs:  Where are you?  Housing Dreams & Hopes  Jobs  Where you want to go?  Education Needs  Child & Elder Care  Where you begin?  Recreation  Transportation Community Action  Health Care  How will you get there?  Infrastructure  What are the tools?
  22. 22. EXAMPLES RENAISSANCE ASHLAND CITY KINGSTON SPRINGS DOWNTOWN GROWTH PLAN PLEASANT VIEW LAND USE PLAN PEGRAM DESIGN STANDARDS MULTI – GENERATIONAL DESIGN MIXED USE DESIGN
  23. 23. Strengths & Challenges Growth…  Things to consider:  Development Sprawl  Mixed Use - Density  Infill Redevelopment  Open Conservation Subdivisions  Marketing Direction  BR & E  Tourism  Infrastructure  Green Space
  24. 24. SOURCES & LINKS http://cheathamcountytn.gov/government/plann ing/ www.landchoices.org/EcoSystemMktplcFinal.pdf www.landchoices.org/IntelligentDesign,GreenSp ace.pdf www.landchoices.org/AdvantagesCSD.htm www.plannersweb.com/articles/are015.html www.landchoices.org/LetNatureDoLandscaping.p df
  25. 25. THANK YOU!QUESTIONS?

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