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Open Access: Where are we going?


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Presentation given to RLUK conference in Newcastle, 15th Nov 2012

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Open Access: Where are we going?

  1. 1. Open  Access:  Where  are  we  going? Professor  Stephen  Curry     Imperial  College RLUK  Conference,  Newcastle,  15th  Nov  2012 Made  available  under  a  CC-­‐BY  license
  2. 2. Life  scienCst  and 2
  3. 3. A  shock:  The  Research  Works  Act  (USA)   "No  Federal  agency  may  engage  in  any  policy  that: (1)  causes  network  disseminaCon  of  any  private-­‐sector   research  work  without  the  prior  consent  of  the  publisher   of  such  work" Sponsors:  Reps  Carolyn  Maloney  (D-­‐NY)  and  Darrell  Issa  (R-­‐CA)  -­‐  and  publishers? ‣ their  content?  Excuse  me? ‣ surprise  at  subscripCon  costs  (RLUK  negoCaCons  in  2011) ‣ re-­‐ignited  amateur  vs  commercial  tensions   3
  4. 4. Academic  Journals  were  a  great  idea… 4
  5. 5. …but  the  web  changes  everything 5
  6. 6. Anarchy  Policy  in  the  UK  -­‐  2012 Dame  Janet  Finch: “The  principle  that  the  results  of  research  that  has   been  publicly  funded  should  be  freely  accessible  in   the  public  domain  is  a  compelling  one,  and   fundamentally  unanswerable.” Rt  Hon  David  Wille;s  MP: The  "funding  model  is  surely  going  to  have  to   change  even  beyond  the  welcome  transiCon  to   open  access  and  hybrid  journals  that’s  already   underway.  To  try  to  preserve  the  old  model  is  the   wrong  ba;le  to  fight." 6
  7. 7. The  relaConship  of  academics  with  Open  Access 7
  8. 8. Open  Access  is: ‣ an  inevitable  consequence  of  the  internet ‣ a  good  investment  and  a  fair  deal  for  the  taxpayer ‣ confusing ‣ a  challenge  for  publishers,  learned  socieCes,  funders,   academics  and  librariansOpen  Access  is  not: ‣ free  (or  the  same  as  file-­‐sharing) ‣ the  end  of  peer  review ‣ synonymous  with  low  quality ‣ only  for  wealthy  life  scienCsts
  9. 9. Why  are  we  not  there  yet? OpposiCon  of  some  publishers  (and  some  at  SK...) ‣ profitable  model.  Hence: ‣ insistence  on  copyright  acquisiCon   ‣ Elsevier  support  for  RWA ‣ confidenCality  clauses  on  subscripCon  deals But  others  are  more  forward-­‐thinking ‣ Gold  OA  can  work:  PLOS,  BMC ‣ InnovaCon  -­‐  eLife,  PeerJ,  FronCers ‣ Market  in  need  of  a  shake-­‐up 9
  10. 10. Why  are  we  not  there  yet?Funder  &  Govt  Policies‣ Too  meek?‣ WT/RCUK  (pre-­‐2012):  Policy  but  no  enforcement‣ GoldFinch  but  not  GreenFinch?‣ New  RCUK  policy:  grateful  for  clarificaCon ‣ Preference  for  gold  (and  CC-­‐BY)  but  green  is  allowed ‣ RaConale?  Green  can  be  version  of  record. ‣ Funding:  Gold  targets?  Room  for  manoeuvre? ‣ Does  RCUK  know  what  full  means? hip://­‐open-­‐access-­‐policy-­‐when-­‐to-­‐go-­‐green-­‐and-­‐when-­‐to-­‐go-­‐gold/
  11. 11. Why  are  we  not  there  yet?ScienCsts  are  ill-­‐informed  and  conservaCve ‣ too  few  are  aware  of: ‣ their  obligaCons   ‣ how  OA  works ‣ subscripCon  costs ‣ access  problem  (in  wealthy  insCtuCons) ‣ concerns  for  scienCfic  socieCes,  humaniCes   ‣ weak  sense  of  public  duty?   ‣ fear  of  losing  an  established  model ‣ invented  the  web  but  suspicious  of  it? ‣ addicted  to  impact  factors   11
  12. 12. Impact  factors  must  die! Aug  2012 Welcome  Trust  OA  policy:   "affirms  the  principle  that  it  is  the  intrinsic   merit  of  the  work,  and  not  the  Ctle  of  the   journal  in  which  an  author’s  work  is   ? published,  that  should  be  considered  in   making  funding  decisions." 12
  13. 13. The inexorable rise of Open Access UK: 35% Green OA UK: 5% Gold OA World: 17% Gold OA Published 2 2-Oct-2012 oA P C) (n eo nly n lin APC) O (no nlin e only O Print sub/ OA online
  14. 14. Residual  Challenges  for  different  stakeholders‣ GeHng  the  message  out  to  academics  (help!)‣ Unifying  the  broad  church  of  OA  (herding  cats?)‣ APC  payment  mechanisms  that  are  visible  to  researchers‣ OA  mechanisms  that  work  for  all  fields‣ Compliance  enforcement  for  green  OA?‣ Market  innovaKons  (from  new  &  est.  publishers)  ‣ Openness  on  profits  and  taxes  from  publishers   ‣ Partnership  or  business?‣ DuraCon  &  cost  of  transiCon?  (When  will  subs  money  be  released?)‣ InternaKonal  cooperaKon  on  OA  policy  —  hows  that  going? Thank you! 14