Present to be forms

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verb formation, present to be

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Present to be forms

  1. 1. PRESENT SIMPLE (Aff.) To beI amYou areHe / She / It isWe areYou areThey are
  2. 2. Examples• I am a good student.• You are my teacher.• Pedro (he) is my friend.• María (she) is my friend, too.• The cat (it) is on the chair.• Pedro, María and I (we) are friends.• “You, boys and girls, are young students.”• Pedro and María (they) are my friends.
  3. 3. PRESENT SIMPLE (Neg.) To beI am ’m notYou are aren’tHe / She / It is isn’t notWe are aren’tYou are aren’tThey are aren’t
  4. 4. Examples• I am not a good student. I’m not a good student.• You are not my teacher. You aren’t my teacher.• Pedro (he) is not my friend. Pedro (he) isn’t my friend.• María (she) is not my friend. María (she) isn’t my friend.• The cat (it) is not on the chair. The cat (it) isn’t on the chair.• Pedro, María and I (we) are not friends. Pedro, María and I (we) aren’t friends.• “You, boys and girls, are not young students.” “You, boys and girls, aren’t young students.”• Pedro and María (they) are not my friends. Pedro and María (they) aren’t my friends.
  5. 5. PRESENT SIMPLE (Int.) To beI amYou areHe / She / It isWe areYou areThey are
  6. 6. PRESENT SIMPLE (Int.) To beAm IAre youIs he / she / it ?Are weAre youAre they
  7. 7. Examples• Am I a good student ?• Are you my teacher ?• Is Pedro (he) my friend ?• Is María (she) my friend, too ?• Is the cat (it) on the chair ?• Are Pedro, María and I (we) friends ?• Are you, boys and girls, young students ?• Are Pedro and María (they) my friends ?
  8. 8. Short answers• Am I a good student ? Yes, you are /// No, you aren’t.• Are you my teacher ? Yes, I am. /// No, I’m not.• Is Pedro my friend ? Yes, he is. /// No, he isn’t.• Is María my friend, too ? Yes, she is. /// No, she isn’t.• Is the cat on the chair ? Yes, it is. /// No it isn’t.• Are Pedro, María and I friends ? Yes, we are. /// No, we aren’t.• Are you, boys and girls, young students ? Yes, we are. /// No, we aren’t.• Are Pedro and María my friends ? Yes, they are. /// No, they aren’t.

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