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Prefer would rather


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Prefer would rather

  1. 1. Contents2 Prefer3 Would prefer4,5,6 Would rather7,8 Had better9,10 It’s time11 It’s no good / It’s no use / / There’s no point in12 It’s (not) worth(y) Exercises
  2. 2. Prefer / Would rather Prefer to do and prefer doingYou can use prefer to do or prefer doing to say what you prefer ingeneral.-I dont like cities. I prefer to live (or I prefer living) in thecountry.Study the difference in structure:But: I prefer (doing) something to (doing) something else I prefer to do something rather than (do) something else- I prefer that coat to the coat you were wearing yesterday. -Tom prefers driving to travelling by train.but: -Tom prefers to drive rather than travel by train. -I prefer to live in the country rather than (live) in a city.
  3. 3. Prefer / Would rather Would prefer (to do)Use would prefer to do to say what someone wants to do in aparticular situation (not in general): - Would you prefer tea or coffee? Coffee, please. - Shall we go by train? Well, Id prefer to go by car. (notgoing)Note the structure: Id prefer to do something rather than (do) something else— Id prefer to stay at home tonight rather than go to the cinema.
  4. 4. Prefer / Would rather Would rather (do) = would prefer to do.After ‘would rather’ we use the infinitive without to.Compare: Well, I’d prefer to go by car. Shall we go by train? Well, I’d rather go by car. (not ‘to go’) - Would you rather have tea or coffee? Coffee, please.‘Notice the negative: - Im tired. Id rather not go out this evening, if you dont mind. - Do you want to go out this evening? Id rather not. - Id rather not do it by myself.Note the structure: Id rather do something than (do) something else. — Id rather stay at home than go to the cinema.
  5. 5. Prefer / Would rather Would rather someone did somethingWhen you want someone else to do something, you can say ‘Id rather you did ... / Idrather he did ... etc.’ (Notice that now there are two different subjects). We use thepast in this structure but the meaning is present or future, not past. Id rather cook the dinner now. (The subject is ‘I’)Compare: Id rather you cooked the dinner now. (1st subject is ‘I‘, 2nd is ‘you’) -Shall I stay here? Well, Id rather you came with us.‘Notice the negative: - Id rather you didnt tell anyone what I said. - Do you mind if I smoke? Id rather you didnt.‘Notice the interrogative: - Would you rather I told your parents?
  6. 6. Prefer / Would rather Would rather someone did somethingTo show preference in the past, we use the structure: subject 1 + would rather + subject 2 + past perfect. I would rather you had read the lesson in advance.Notice the negative: - I would rather you hadnt sent that letter.Notice the interrogative: - Would you rather I hadn’t come?
  7. 7. Had better Had better do somethingThe meaning of had better (d better) is quite similar to ‘should.’Id better do something = I should do something or it is advisable for me to dosomething; if I dont do this, something bad might happen: -Youd better take care of that cut on your hand. - I have to meet Tom in ten minutes. Id better go now or Ill be late. - Shall I take an umbrella? Yes, youd better. It might rain.‘ - Weve almost run out of petrol. Wed better stop at the next petrol station to fill up.Notice the structure: I had better go now = I’d better go now (not ‘to go’)
  8. 8. Had better Had better do somethingThe negative form is: had better not = (d better not): - You dont look very well. Youd better not go to work today. - Are you going out tonight? Id better not. Ive got a lot of work to do.‘ The meaning of had better (usually d better in spoken English is present or future, not past:
  9. 9. It’s timeYou can say: - Its time to go home. - Its time for us to go home. - Its nearly midnight. Its time we went home. We use the past (‘went’) after Its time someone ..., but the meaning is present or future, not past: - Why are you still in bed? Its time you got up. (not time you get up)
  10. 10. It’s timeWe use the structure Its time someone did something especially when weare complaining or criticising or when we think someone should havealready done something: - Youve been wearing the same clothes for ages. Isnt it time youbought some new ones? - I think its time the government did something about the crisis.We also say: Its about time someone did something‘ or ‘ It’s high time someone did something’This makes the complaint or criticism stronger: - Youre very selfish. Its high time you realised that youre not themost important person in the world. - Its about time Jack did some work for his examinations.
  11. 11. Expressions + -ing Its no use / Its no good… (De nada sirve …)- Its no use worrying about it. Theres nothing you can do.- Its no good trying to persuade me. You wont succeed. Theres no point in ... (No sirve de nada …)- Theres no point in buying a car if you dont want to drive it.- There was no point in waiting, so we went.
  12. 12. Expressions + -ing Its (not) worth(y) ... (Vale / merece la pena …) - My house is only a short walk from here. Its not worth taking a taxi. - It was so late when we got home, it wasnt worth going to bed.You can say: a book is worth reading / a film is worth seeing etc.: - Do you think this book is worth reading? - You should go and see the film. Its really worth seeing.