New world

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New world

  1. 1. New Word EmpireExpeditions: Conquest ExplorationOrganization Council of the Indies Viceroyalties Casa de Contratación of Seville
  2. 2. Pre-Columbian AmericaThere were many different native cultures in America. They have called Pre-Columbian because they existed before Columbus arrived thereThere were three famous civilizations: The Mayas The Incas The AztecsHowever many other pepople also lived in America
  3. 3. Find out about the Mayas, the Incas and the Aztecs Where did they live? How was their society organized? What were their main economic activities? What kind of food did they eat? In what ways were the three civilizations similaror different?
  4. 4. ExpeditionsConquest in Central and South America Hernán Cortés conquered the Aztec Empire Francisco Pizarro conquered the Inca EmpireExploration Francisco de Orellana discovered the Amazon rainforest, He was the first to sail down the Amazon River Expeditions to the Pacific: Miguel Lopez de Legazpi left from Mexico to conquer the Philipppines
  5. 5. Hernán Cortés F. Pizarro Orellana López de Legazpi
  6. 6. Organization of the New World EmpireThe kings treated America as an extension of Spain and applied the same laws.Carles V created the Council of the Indies (consejo de Indias), which advised the king on matters of govermentThe conquered territory was divided into de Viceroyalty of New Spain (Virreinato de Nueva España) Viceroyalty of Peru (Virreinato del Peru) The viceroys came from the Spanish Aristocracy and were very powerful
  7. 7. EconomyLarge amounts of precious metals, especially silver, were discovered in America and this helped the kings to finance their empireTrade with America was carried out through the Casa de Contratación, or trading house in Seville.The Spanish also set up large haciendas in America for stockbreeding and agriculture
  8. 8. Society in the New WorldSpaniards occupied the highest positions in society in the IndiesMestizos were the children of Spanish men and Native American women, and occupied the second highest positions in societyIndians performed manual work, largely in agricultureNegroes were in the worst situation. They were slaves brought from Africa to do the hardest work, and they had no rights at all
  9. 9. Main vocabularyLaunched Prince Henry the NavigatorTake overPortulan chart Cape of Good HopeCompass, astrolabe, quadrant GenoeseCaravelTrading post Catholic MonarchsCircumnavigating CipangoCrewTook command Ferdinand magellanHeadedAcquire Spice IslandsAccurate Strait of MagellanDiseasesSail down PhilippinesStarting pintCouncil of the IndiesViceroyaltyViceroyHaciendas

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