All about Bordeaux Wines


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  • Ideal climate and soil conditionsBordeaux has centuries of experience in making fine wine; the Roman poet Ausonius praised it. Bordeaux is important to the world’s wine lovers not just because it makes great wine but because it makes a lot of wine. The vineyards total around 319,000 acres – bigger than the whole of Germany. Bordeaux has the best wine making technique in the world, which has been the result of numerous wineries producing a high volume of extremely high quality wines over many years.
  • 1 Minute1) Most of the high quality whites produced in Bordeaux come from Pessac-Leognan, located within Graves and south of the city of Bordeaux2) Semillon and Muscadelle are minor in comparison to Sauvignon Blanc until one reaches Sauternes, where Semillon dominates.
  • 2 Minutes1) Touch on how the white wines are made.2) Mention that only the white wines from Entre-Deux-Mers can use that appellation on the label, the reds produced within the Entre-Deux-Mers appellation can only use the Bordeaux appellation.
  • 1 Minute1) Pessac-Leognan – Famous due to Chateau Haut-Brion and for its white wines as well. 2) The are Grand Cru Classe (Great Classified Growth) White Wines, examples are Chateau Carbionneux and Chateau LaLouviere, both of which are within the Pessac-Leognan appellation.
  • 1) Not as easy as the white Bordeaux Section2) If you see Pomerol or Saint-Emilion along with any of their satellites, it is primarily Merlot
  • The Bordeaux wine vineyards of Chateau La Vieille Cure are planted on limestone soils which receive a south west exposure. With terroir similar to St. Emilion, perhaps the most important reason for the quality, unique style and the the concentration found in the wine is, the property has numerous old vines. When I say old, they have some of the oldest vines in the appellation. Many of those vines are approaching an amazing 100 years of age!Purchased in 1986 by American owners, Colin Ferenbach and Peter Sachs, their first order of business for this Right Bank estate was to completely renovate the estate from top to bottom. The extensive rebuilding took place in the wine making facilities, the chateau and even a replanting of much of the vineyard. With the help of Michel Rolland as their consultant in the vineyards and in the wine making, Chateau La Vieille Cure was replanted to 75% Merlot, 22% Cabernet Franc 22%  and a bit of Cabernet Sauvignon at 3%. While much of the vineyard is still relatively young, they also have vines dating back as far as 75 years. The 20 hectare Bordeaux wine vineyard of La Vieille Cure is unique. The large estate is one single homogeneous plot. The vines reside in limestone, chalk and clay based soils. To produce the wine, following a three to four week cold maceration, alcoholic fermentation takes place in temperature controlled, stainless steel vats. Malolactic fermentation is conducted in French oak barrels. The wine is aged in an average of 70% new French oak barrels. Starting with the 2000 vintage, Chateau La Vieille Cure improved their wines and wine making. From that point on, they became a serious contender for the best Bordeaux wine value produced in the region. 2005 remains the best vintage yet for La Vieille Cure. In July, 2013, La Vieille Cure announced that Jean Luc Thunevin, the well-known consultant and owner of Valandraud would take over as the wine maker for the property because Jean Noel Herve retired. Fans of the estate should rejoice as the wines can only get better!
  • 30 secondsAll of the appellations on the Right Bank, including Medoc, Haut-Medoc, St. Estephe, Pauillac, Margaux, and Pessac-Leognan are made primarily with Cabernet Sauvignon.
  • 1 MinuteLeft bank communes generally produce big tannic Cabernet based red wines.The communes from North to South are Saint-Estephe, Pauillac, Saint-Julian, Margaux and Graves, which includes Pessac-Leognan.All Five First Growth Chateaux are located within these communes.
  • Style: Highly concentrated, consistent and well-structured with ripe to firm tanninsLocation: In many ways the center point of the Médoc, lying to the north of Margaux, bordered on the south by the village of Cussac-Fort-Médoc and on the north by Pauillac, it is approximately 22 miles north of the city of Bordeaux.Acres under Vine: 2,175Average Annual Production: 490,000 casesClassified Growths: Total of Eleven Grand Cru ClasséKey Properties: Château Ducru-Beaucaillou, Château Gruaud-Larose, Château Sarget de GruaudLarose, Château Léoville-Barton -Réservé de Léoville-Barton, Château Léoville-Las Cases, Château Léoville-Poyferre, Château Langoa-Barton, ChâteauBeychevelle, Château TalbotPrincipal Grape Varieties: Cabernet Sauvignon dominates, followed by Merlot and Cabernet FrancPrincipal Soil Types: Consists of extremely fine gravel, especially for the great vineyards adjacent to the river. Farther inland, there is considerable gravel mixed with clay.
  • Sauternes is a French dessert wine from the Sauternais region of the Graves section in Bordeaux. Sauternes is made from Sémillon, Sauvignon Blanc, and Muscadelle grapes that have been affected by Botrytis cinerea, also known as noble rot. This causes the grapes to become partially raisined, resulting in concentrated and distinctively flavored wines. Sauternes is one of the few wine regions where infection with noble rot is a frequent occurrence, due to its climate. Even so, production is a hit-or-miss proposition, with widely varying harvests from vintage to vintage. Wines from Sauternes, especially the Premier Cru Supérieur estate Château d'Yquem, can be very expensive, due largely to the very high cost of production. Barsac lies within Sauternes, and is entitled to use either name. Somewhat similar but less expensive and typically less-distinguished wines are produced in the neighboring regions of Monbazillac, Cérons, Loupiac and Cadillac. In the United States, there is a semi-generic label for sweet white dessert wines known as sauterne without the "s" at the end and uncapitalized.ClassificationSee also: Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855n 1855, Napoleon III commissioned the producers of Bordeaux to develop a ranking of the Bordeaux wine regions' wineries for the Exposition Universelle. The châteaux of Sauternes and Barsac were considered separately from the wineries of the Médoc with the producers from Saint-Émilion and Pomerol excluded and only Château Haut-Brion being considered from the Graves. The rankings were based on reputation and the current prices of the wines from the various estates. There are three levels-Premier Cru Supérieur, Premiers Crus and DeuxièmesCrus. Château d'Yquem is the only Sauternes winery classified as a Premier Cru Supérieur. There are eleven Premiers Crus and fifteen DeuxièmesCrus. The Barsac commune has the most classified estates with ten, followed by Bommes and Sauternes with six each, Fargues with three and Preignac with two.[6]
  • All about Bordeaux Wines

    1. 1. Bordeaux … how do I love thee
    2. 2. Don’t Miss out on our upcoming Wine Events …. November – Celebrate with Sparkling and Champagne Nothing says “festive” more than a bottle of bubbly! This tasting and seminar is perfect for those looking to discover a sparkling wine that best suits their budget and palate. Eight sparkling wines will be tasted, including Crémant de Bourgogne and four stunning selections from Champagne including Grand Cru selections! January 2014 – You be the judge! An Introduction to Wine. Invite a friend! This seminar and tasting is ideal for learning the basics of wine tastings. Attendees will learn how to identify the key components of a wine, how to score a wine like the experts and how to identify the style of a wine.
    3. 3. Announcing a once in a lifetime event featuring Angelo Gaja and Georg Riedel Hosted in Scottsdale, Arizona on 10/23 $199 per person
    4. 4. Objectives: To explore and discover the wines from the most famous winegrowing area in the world. Bordeaux … how do I love thee?
    5. 5. Bordeaux Winegrowing Regions
    6. 6. 291,000 acres, 1.5% of the entire world’s vineyards, but represents 10% of the dollar value of all wine exports in the world. Over twice the acres of all the vineyards in Napa, Sonoma, Mendocino, Monterey and Santa Barbara counties combined. 55,000,000 cases produced every year within Bordeaux, of which 20 million cases are exported Over 13,000 growers which include 10,000 estates 60 different appellations Bordeaux Vineyard Land and Production
    7. 7. Bordeaux is deemed the most prestigious wine-growing region in the world, and is considered the birthplace of the wine culture as we know it today While steeped in tradition, Bordeaux has continually updated vineyard and wine making practices in order to improve quality. The importance of Bordeaux in the world of wine should not be underestimated. Bordeaux Prestige and Background
    8. 8. Bordeaux is currently the leading producer of high quality red wines in the world and has been for the last 200 years. While wineries in other areas produce great wines, at times equal to the great wines of Bordeaux, no other area in the world has nearly as many high quality wineries producing incredible amounts of high quality wines. Bordeaux Prestige and Background
    9. 9. • Ideal climate and soil conditions • Has centuries of experience in making fine wine • Size and scale - the vineyards total around 291,000 acres – bigger than the whole of Germany. • Bordeaux has some of the best wine making techniques in the world. Bordeaux Advantages
    10. 10. Châteaux were placed in five classes, from one (the highest) to five. The commission that compiled the list used the prices of each chateau’s wines as a benchmark. Some wines have risen in status since 1855; some have fallen, but the classification is still in use today. It shows that by the mid- 19th Century, the landowners of the Médoc had singled out and planted the best land. Bordeaux 1855 Classification
    11. 11. Bordeaux in general and the Médoc in particular, is the land of hierarchies. These widely traded wines have depended on giving customers clear signals of quality and price, and the 1855 Classification was one of several 19th century lists drawn up by the wine trade. The 1855 Classification (as amended by the 1973 promotion of Château Mouton Rothschild to premier Cru status) is still in force. It covers the red wine chateaux of the Médoc with one Graves property, Château Haut Brion. Bordeaux 1855 Classification Initiated by Napoleon III
    12. 12. Château Lafite Rothschild - Pauillac Château Latour - Pauillac Château Margaux - Margaux Château Haut-Brion Pessac - Graves (since 1986, Pessac- Leognan) Château Mouton-Rothschild (became a first-growth in 1973) Pauillac Bordeaux First-Growths – Grand Cru Classѐ Château Lafite Rothschild
    13. 13. Château Rauzan-Segla Margaux Château Rauzan-Gassies Margaux Château Léoville Las Cases St.-Julien Château Léoville Poyferré St.-Julien Château Léoville Barton St.-Julien Château Durfort-Vivens Margaux Château Gruaud-Larose St.-Julien Château Lascombes Margaux Château Brane-Cantenac -Margaux Château Pichon-Longueville-Baron Pauillac Château Pichon-Longueville-Lalande Pauillac Château Ducru-Beaucaillou St.-Julien Château Cos-d'Estournel St.-Estèphe Château Montrose St.-Estèphe Bordeaux Second-Growths – Grand Cru Classѐ Château Pichon-Longueville Baron
    14. 14. Château Kirwan Cantenac-Margaux Château d'Issan Cantenac-Margaux Château Lagrange St.-Julien Château Langoa Barton St.-Julien Château Giscours Labarde-Margaux Château Malescot-St.-Exupéry Margaux Château Cantenac-Brown Margaux Château Boyd-Cantenac Margaux Château Palmer Cantenac-Margaux Château La Lagune Ludon (Haut-Médoc) Château Desmirail Margaux Château Calon-Ségur St.-Estephe Château Ferrière Margaux Château Marquis-d'Alesme-Becker Margaux Bordeaux Third-Growths – Grand Cru Classѐ Château Palmer
    15. 15. Château St.-Pierre St.-Julien Château Talbot St.-Julien Château Branaire-Ducru St.-Julien Château Duhart-Milon Rothschild Pauillac Château Pouget Cantenac-Margaux Château La Tour Carnet St.-Laurent (Haut- Médoc) Château Lafon-Rochet St.-Estèphe Château Beychevelle St.-Julien Château Prieuré-Lichine Cantenac- Margaux Château Marquis de Terme Margaux Bordeaux Fourth-Growths – Grand Cru Classѐ Château Duhart-Milon
    16. 16. Château Pontet-Canet Pauillac Château Batailley Pauillac Château Haut-Batailley Pauillac Château Grand-Puy-Lacoste Pauillac Château Grand-Puy-Ducasse Pauillac Château Lynch-Bages Pauillac Château Lynch-Moussas Pauillac Château Dauzac (Margaux) Château d'Armailhac Pauillac Château du Tertre Arsac (Margaux) Château Haut-Bages-Libéral Pauillac Château Pédesclaux Pauillac Château Belgrave St.-Laurent (Haut-Médoc) Château de Camensac) St.-Laurent (Haut-Médoc) Château Cos-Labory St.-Estèphe Château Clerc-Milon Pauillac Château Croizet-Bages Pauillac Château Cantemerle Macau (Haut-Médoc) Bordeaux Fifth-Growths – Grand Cru Classѐ Château Grand-Puy-Lacoste
    17. 17. Red - Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet Franc, Petit Verdot, Malbec White - Sauvignon Blanc, Sémillon, Muscadelle Bordeaux Grape Varietals
    18. 18. Bordeaux Sauvignon Blanc
    19. 19. Sauvignon Blanc - An aromatic, acidic grape variety for white wine. This grape produces wines that are dry, refreshing, and full of character. Sémillon - An early ripener, this grape if full flavored, with low acidity. Muscadelle - A minor grape in Bordeaux, it provides a rich “grapey” flavor and floral aroma. The white wines of Bordeaux are primarily grown within Graves, the most prestigious coming from Pessac-Léognan. Bordeaux White Grapes
    20. 20. In contrast to red wines, the grape juice for dry white wines is fermented without the skins. Immediately after the grapes are harvested, the skins are separated from the "must" (unfermented grape juice). The wine is bottled within twelve months of the grapes being picked. Bordeaux oenologists have improved white winemaking techniques. This has lead to much higher quality dry white Bordeaux wines. There are fantastic Sauvignon Blanc- based whites produced within the Entre-Deux-Mers, which translates into “Between Two Rivers”. Bordeaux Blanc
    21. 21. Bordeaux Entre-Deux-Mers Entre-deux-mers is literally translated into “between two seas” This appellation is one of the largest in the Bordeaux region and is situated between the Garonne and the Dordogne Rivers Whites produced her are labeled as Entre-Deux-Mers but reds crafted from grapes grown here are labeled Bordeaux AOC or Bordeaux Supérieur
    22. 22. Château Haut Guillebot & Marie Christine Labouille
    23. 23. • Made with love from 50% Sauvignon Blanc, 50% Semillon • Crafted from estate vineyards within the Entre-deux-Mers AOC • Crafted by Marie-Christine Renier Labouille, owner and winemaker Let's Taste! Château Haut Guillebot Blanc Retail: $
    24. 24. Bordeaux Graves After the Second World War the omission of wines of Graves from the official classification was having a negative effect on the price and desirability of wines from the region. To improve marketing the region announced in 1953 its own classification of red wines and one white wine, with more white wines added in 1959. Sixteen wines were given special classification.
    25. 25. Denis Dubourdieu & Château Clos Floridene
    26. 26. • A 76-acre estate (55 acres are devoted to white grapes) located on the calcareous plateau within Graves near Barsac • 50% Sauvignon, 47% Sémillon, 3% Muscadelle – barrel-fermented and aged in neutral barrel for 8 months • Crafted by Denis Dubourdieu, owner and renowned winemaker Let's Taste! Château Clos Floridene Graves Retail: $
    27. 27. Bordeaux is divided into two distinct areas: Left Bank and Right Bank
    28. 28. Cabernet Sauvignon - Esteemed by connoisseurs as the noblest of all grapes, it provides tannic backbone and structure. It is very aromatic in young wines with aromas of blackcurrant and also allows the wine to gain enormous complexity with age. It is especially prominent in Médoc and Graves wines and is distinguished by balanced tannin and medium to high acidity which together yield a complex, elegant, and strong-bodied wine that ages with grace. Bordeaux Red Grapes
    29. 29. Merlot - The most widely planted grape variety in Bordeaux. It is especially prominent in Pomerol and Saint-Émilion. With lower tannin and acid levels, it produces smoother and fruitier wines than ones blended predominantly with Cabernet Sauvignon grapes. It exudes aromas of ripe plums and red fruits. Cabernet Franc - The primary blending grape that provides acidity, fragrance and strawberry-like fruit qualities. Can also be used a primary grapes Bordeaux Red Grapes
    30. 30. Petit Verdot- Petit Verdot is a small, thick skinned grape known for its very deep purple color, strong tannic structure and floral aromas. Malbec- A somewhat rustic, full- bodied grape variety for red wine. The juice is mild and low in acidity. Bordeaux Red Grapes
    31. 31. Raves About Bordeaux’s 2009 & 2010 Vintages “2010, like 2009 and 2005 may be the “three greatest Bordeaux vintages I have tasted in my career.” “The wines will enjoy “astonishing longevity” on the back of high alcohol, fresh acids, lower pHs and huge tannins.”– Robert Parker, Wine Advocate
    32. 32. A Quick look at the Left Bank (more later) This appellation is broken into two sub-regions. The northern area is the Médoc, with the Haut-Médoc located further south. The red wines produced in the Médoc represent great value. They are produced for everyday consumption and do not require long- term cellaring. These reds are lighter in style, with fruit flavors reflecting the soil from which they spring. Mѐdoc
    33. 33. Château Pierre de Montignac
    34. 34. • Cru Bourgeois crafted by Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet Franc and Petite Verdot • The estate is owned by the Salette family and is near the village of Civrac in the northern Medoc • The family has 45 acres of vineyards on chalky-clay soil with vines averaging 30 years in age Let's Taste! Château Pierre de Montignac Medoc Retail: $
    35. 35. Bordeaux Merlot
    36. 36. Key Regions Pomerol Saint Émilion Fronsac Castillon Côtes de Bordeaux Key Grapes Merlot Cabernet Franc Bordeaux Right Bank
    37. 37. RIGHT BANK The Merlot-based wines of the Right Bank are generally more fruit forward and have less tannins than those of the Left Bank. The Right Bank consists of two major regions, Saint-Émilion and Pomerol. Saint-Émilion contains over 900 individual producers. A blend of Merlot and Cabernet Franc produces wines that are less tannic, softer, and more forward than those of the Left Bank. Bordeaux Rouge - Merlot
    38. 38. Right Bank: St.-Émilion
    39. 39. RIGHT BANK The wines of Saint-Émilion are less tannic and generally more fruit-driven in flavor than those of the Left Bank. Merlot thrives on the plateaus high above the Dordogne River, where the soil is filled with sand and clay. This soil composition fosters the creation of opulent and forward wines. Saint-Emilion
    40. 40. VALUES Values of the left bank include the satellites of Saint-Emilion including: Lussac-Saint-Emilion Montagne-Saint-Emilion St-Georges-Saint-Emilion Puissequin-St-Emilion Also included in the value categories are: Fronsac, Canon-Fronsac and Castillon Cotes de Bordeaux Saint-Emilion
    41. 41. The Côtes de Bordeaux represents 14% of the total production of Bordeaux wine. Côtes de Bordeaux covers 130,800 acres and is home to 1,500 winegrowers. 97% of the production is red with an emphasis on Merlot. It is divided into 4 "terroirs": Blaye, Cadillac, Castillon and Francs. Cotes de Castillon vineyards are located east of Saint-Emilion Castillon Côtes de Bordeaux
    42. 42. Château Moya Merlot Vineyards
    43. 43. • In 2008, David Curl, owner of Château Gaby in Fronsac, decided to invest in this beautiful estate located a few hundred meters from the Saint-Emilion appellation. • Crafted from 93% Merlot and 7% Cabernet Sauvignon • 2010 received 90 points from the Wine Advocate and the Wine Spectator Let's Taste! Château Moya Castillon Cotes de Bordeaux Retail: $
    44. 44. Situated on the banks of the Dordogne and of the Isle, Fronsac enjoys a soil made of a mixture of clay and limestone or clay and sand on the slopes and the top of the hills Merlot is the dominant grape in Fronsac and is regularly paired with Cabernet Franc. Malbec is used to add complexity to the wines and Cabernet Sauvignon may also be included. Fronsac
    45. 45. Château La Vieille Cure Fronsac
    46. 46. • 50-acre estate running along the River Isle in Fronsac • Crafted from a blend of 74% Merlot , 22% Cabernet Franc and Cabernet Sauvignon 4% • Purchased by two Bordeaux enthusiasts from the United States in 1986. They hired Christan Veyry, an associate under Michel Roland to lead their winemaking team Let's Taste! Château La Vieille Cure Fronsac Retail: $
    47. 47. The elegant and refined wines of Pomerol fetch some of the highest prices in all Bordeaux despite the fact that the chateaux are not officially classified. The renowned Château Petrus is located within this small and highly regarded region. Pomerol
    48. 48. Values The Satellite appelaltion of Pomerol represents an amazing value Lalande-de-Pomerol These reds are slightly lighter in body and do not age as long as Pomerol. They are a fraction of the cost. Pomerol
    49. 49. Bordeaux Cabernet Sauvignon
    50. 50. Cabernet Sauvignon The Left Bank generally produces big and tannic Cabernet-based wines with pronounced blackcurrant flavors. There are five major districts on the Left Bank. Listed from the most northerly, they are Saint-Estèphe, Pauillac, Saint-Julien, Margaux and Graves, which includes Pessac-Léognan. Located within these esteemed communes are the five First Growth Châteaux: Château Latour, Château Lafite- Rothschild, Château Mouton-Rothschild, Château Margaux and Château Haut-Brion Left Bank
    51. 51. Bordeaux:LeftBank
    52. 52. Cabernet Sauvignon From North to South, the famous communes on the Left Bank are: St.Estephe – Big and tannic Pauillac – most famous (some consider the greatest) St. Julien – most consistent Margaux – most feminine Graves – Pessac-Leognan – elegance, refinement Left Bank
    53. 53. Graves Derives from its intensely gravelly soil resulting from the Ice Age. This left white quartz deposits that can still be found in soils of top estates Considered the birthplace of Bordeaux, dating back to 14th century 7,700 acres are planted within the Graves AOC. The reds of Graves are considered terroir driven with loads of elegance
    54. 54. Chateau de Chantegrive
    55. 55. • Handcrafted from 50% Merlot and 50% Cabernet Sauvignon with an average vine age of 25 years • The estate is run and managed by Hélène Lévêque and is considered by many to be the shining star within Graves • Original estate of 5 acres was Purchased in 1966 by the Lévêque family. Through the years it expanded to 240 acres Let's Taste! Château de Chantegrive Graves Retail: $
    56. 56. Saint-Julien 2,100 acres of vineyards 11 classified growths within Saint-Julien Cabernet Sauvignon dominates along with Merlot and Cabernet Franc The highest overall standard of quality for its wines. It is the smallest commune, with almost all of its superlative vineyards dominated by gravel.
    57. 57. Saint-Julien, located just South of Pauillac has perhaps the highest overall standard of quality for its wines. It is the smallest commune, with almost all of its vineyards dominated by gravel. Its proximity to the Gironde river provides exceptional drainage for the soil. The wines of Saint-Julien are tender and harmonious, with a profound richness, depth of color, balance and elegance. The Cabernet Sauvignon grape prevails in this commune, with Merlot and Cabernet Franc used for blending. Saint-Julien
    58. 58. Chateau Talbot
    59. 59. Let's Taste! Château Talbot Saint-Julien Retail: $ • Quite large for Bordeaux, this is a 262- acre estate located within the prestigious commune of Saint-Julien • Chateau Talbot was classified a fourth growth in 1855 • Crafted from 68% Cabernet Sauvignon, 28% Merlot and 4% Petit Verdot with an average age of 42 years
    60. 60. Sauternes is famous for sweet wines made from Sémillon and Muscadelle. They are considered the best dessert wines in the world Sauternes is made with noble rot (also called botrytis, a fungus covering the grape), Because soils are so diverse, and each house has its own way of making the golden wine, Sauternes is a very personalized wine. Acre under vine: 2,175 Sauternes
    61. 61. Heading Chateau Guiraud
    62. 62. Let's Taste a Sauternes Château Guiraud Sauternes Retail: $ • Established in 1766 by Pierre Guiraud and was famous for fine wines by 1793. • In 1855, it became one of 11 Premier Grand Cru estate in Sauternes (only out ranked by Chateau D'Yquem) • Handcrafted from Semillon (65%) and Sauvignon (35%) which has been hand- harvested through many successive waves. It is aged in barrels for 24 months.