Chapters 10 and 11


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Chapters 10 and 11

  1. 1. Chapters 10 and 11 Crime and Law – Nilsen
  2. 2. <ul><li>Crimes Which Destroy Property </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Arson is the willful and malicious burning of a person’s property. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Vandalism is the willful destruction of or damage to the property of another. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Crimes Which Take Property </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Larceny is the unlawful taking and carrying away of the property of another with the intent to deprive the owner of it. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Embezzlement is the unlawful taking of property by someone to whom it was entrusted. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Robbery is the unlawful taking of property from a person’s immediate possession through force or intimidation. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Extortion is using threats to obtain the property of another. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Burglary is the unauthorized entry into a structure with the intent to commit a crime. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Forgery occurs when a person makes or alters a document with the intent to defraud. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Receiving stolen property is taking possession of property that one knows or has reason to know is stolen. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Unauthorized use of a vehicle is taking someone else’s vehicle without the intent to keep it. </li></ul><ul><li>Grand theft auto is taking someone else’s vehicle with the intent to keep it. </li></ul><ul><li>Carjacking is taking someone else’s vehicle through the use or threat of force. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Defenses </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>No crime has been committed. </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>The defendant did not commit the crime. </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>The defendant committed the crime, but it was excused or justified. </li></ul><ul><li>Self Defense </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>The defendant committed the crime but was not criminally responsible for their actions. </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>Infancy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Children below the age of 7 cannot form criminal intent. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Children between 7 and 14 are presumed to be incapable of forming criminal intent. </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Intoxication can be a valid defense for crimes with specific intent, but not for crimes with general intent. </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>Insanity can be a defense. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Some states require a showing of an inability to tell right from wrong. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Others require a showing that the defendant lacks the substantial capacity to appreciate the nature of the act or to conform their conduct to the law. </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>Entrapment is a defense when the police encourage or persuade someone into committing a crime. </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>Duress is a defense when someone is forced into committing a crime (not a defense to homicide). </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>Necessity is a defense when someone has to commit a crime to save their life (not a defense to homicide). </li></ul>