n a t u r a l h a i r c a r e t e c h n o l o g y
Your Hair
and the effects that
products have on it
n a t u r a l h a i r c a r e t e c h n o l o g y
The Structure of Hair
Structure of the Hair Shaft
n a t u r a l h a i r c a r e t e c h n o l o g y
Unlike skin, hair cannot repair itself. It is a
balance of protein and m...
n a t u r a l h a i r c a r e t e c h n o l o g y
pH Balance
• This is a measure of acidity and
alkalinity
• It ranges fro...
n a t u r a l h a i r c a r e t e c h n o l o g y
Colouring Hair 1
Permanent colour
with medium to high
level peroxide
Cha...
n a t u r a l h a i r c a r e t e c h n o l o g y
Colouring Hair 2
For a permanent hair colour to work, we have to lift
th...
n a t u r a l h a i r c a r e t e c h n o l o g y
Pre-Lightening and
Highlighting Hair
Lightening agents provide a greater...
n a t u r a l h a i r c a r e t e c h n o l o g y
Perming and
Straightening Hair
Perming and straightening involves alteri...
n a t u r a l h a i r c a r e t e c h n o l o g y
Caring for Hair
Hair in good condition should not only look healthy, but...
n a t u r a l h a i r c a r e t e c h n o l o g y
Remember!
P ROTEIN
M OISTURE
P H
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Professional Salon Hair Color Education - Level 1

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Salon education for hair color specialist. Ideal for stylists, colorists, cosmetologists, or other salon professionals interested in expanding their horizons and skills. Focuses on the use or more natural, organic, and effective products rather than harsh chemical based salon products that often do not perform well.

Published in: Business, Lifestyle

Professional Salon Hair Color Education - Level 1

  1. 1. n a t u r a l h a i r c a r e t e c h n o l o g y Your Hair and the effects that products have on it
  2. 2. n a t u r a l h a i r c a r e t e c h n o l o g y The Structure of Hair Structure of the Hair Shaft
  3. 3. n a t u r a l h a i r c a r e t e c h n o l o g y Unlike skin, hair cannot repair itself. It is a balance of protein and moisture, which keeps it in good condition with natural shine. Protein levels in hair are around 83% to 87%. Moisture levels are about 3%. The only difference between your hair and nails is the 3% moisture. If this essential balance is maintained, the hair will stay healthy, strong and in good condition. On the outside of hair are transparent layers of interlocking scales, which are called the cuticle. We have about 7 to 11 layers all wrapped around the delicate inner structure. The Structure of Hair
  4. 4. n a t u r a l h a i r c a r e t e c h n o l o g y pH Balance • This is a measure of acidity and alkalinity • It ranges from 0 to 14 • 7 is neutral – pure water • The ideal level for our hair and skin is between pH 4.5 and 5.5 • Above 5.5 the hair starts to open and below 4.5 it starts to contract • For a permanent hair colour to work, we have to open the hair by taking it out of its ideal pH and take it above pH 8 • To ensure the best possible condition of the hair we have to return it to its ideal pH
  5. 5. n a t u r a l h a i r c a r e t e c h n o l o g y Colouring Hair 1 Permanent colour with medium to high level peroxide Changes existing colour in the hair Oxidative pigment Permanent Permanent colour with a low level peroxide Penetrates the cuticle and lasts more than 8 washes Oxidative pigment Demi Semi-permanent colour Coats the hair and lasts 6-8 washes Direct pigmentSemi-permanent Colour mousseCoats the hair and lasts 1 wash Direct pigmentTemporary Example ProductsEffect on HairPigment TypeTechnique
  6. 6. n a t u r a l h a i r c a r e t e c h n o l o g y Colouring Hair 2 For a permanent hair colour to work, we have to lift the cuticle and allow the permanent colour into the hair. The only way to do this is to alter the pH of the hair. All permanent hair colours use this method. There are 2 ways to open the cuticle. The traditional method uses ammonia, which is highly effective, but can damage the hair. The alternative method uses the latest technology, where the active ingredient for raising the pH is mildly alkaline and acts as a conditioning agent. Human scalp hair, 700x magnification
  7. 7. n a t u r a l h a i r c a r e t e c h n o l o g y Pre-Lightening and Highlighting Hair Lightening agents provide a greater degree of lift by oxidising the natural colour pigment in the hair. To avoid any damage to the hair when pre-lightening or highlighting, use a product which is: Ammonia-free: to prevent excess swelling and damage to the hair Dust-free: to avoid inhalation of the product Made with added wheat proteins: to strengthen the hair during the process For on-the-scalp applications, use a protective oil Human scalp hair, 700x magnification
  8. 8. n a t u r a l h a i r c a r e t e c h n o l o g y Perming and Straightening Hair Perming and straightening involves altering the physical make-up of the hair. To ensure hair is left healthy, choose a product which is: Ammonia-free: to prevent excess swelling and damage to the hair Thioglycolate-free: a relaxing agent, which can irritate the skin and scalp pH balanced: hair is left around its natural pH, minimising any damage caused by the process Human scalp hair, 700x magnification
  9. 9. n a t u r a l h a i r c a r e t e c h n o l o g y Caring for Hair Hair in good condition should not only look healthy, but when wet, should be able to stretch by 30% of its length and return, without any damage to the hair. To keep hair in its optimum condition, it should be treated with shampoos, treatments and conditioners. Shampoo: to clean hair Treatment: to repair, rebalance and reconstruct hair Conditioner: to close the cuticle and add shine
  10. 10. n a t u r a l h a i r c a r e t e c h n o l o g y Remember! P ROTEIN M OISTURE P H

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