National Digital Library


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National Digital Library. Minna Karvonen.Twin Cities Conference: Innovation into Practise- New Service Concepts, Helsinki and Turku, Finland, 13-16 May 2009

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National Digital Library

  1. 1. National Digital Library – Ensuring of availability of electronic information resources of libraries, archives and museum now and in the future Minna Karvonen 13.5.2009
  2. 2. National policy definitions necessitate the promotion of digitisation of the information resources of libraries, archives and museums and the improvement of their availability on the Internet and their long-term preservation Government Resolution on the Objectives of the National Information Society Policy 2007−2011 <ul><li>Ubiquitous Information Society Action Plan 2007–2011 </li></ul><ul><li>National Digital Library project </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Relating other entities: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Science and research infrastructures (Ministry of Education)) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Overall IT architecture for public administration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open learning environments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Development of public libraries and their Internet services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Copyrights: practical solutions and agreements, legislation </li></ul></ul>National Information Society Strategy 2007-2015
  3. 3. National Digital Library 2008−2011 <ul><li>National Digital Library means: </li></ul><ul><li>a common user interface for the information resources of libraries, archives and museums (in operation in 2011) </li></ul><ul><li>digitisation of the most essential information resources of libraries, archives and museums </li></ul><ul><li>development of a long-term perservation solution for electronic cultural heritage materials (planned in 2010) </li></ul><ul><li>increasing competence </li></ul><ul><li>National Digital Library will work as an aggregator for Europeana </li></ul>
  4. 4. National Digital Library National Archives+ provincial archives = National Archive Service National Board of Antiquities/ National Museum of Finland Finnish National Gallery Finnish Museum of Natural History Regional museums Regional art museums National specialised museums Other museums Public libraries Special libraries National Library of Finland Municipal archives, other public administration archives and other archives National audio-visual archive Libraries in educational institutions Libraries in higher education institutions Government-subsidized and other private archives
  5. 5. Monitoring group Steering group Availability section Technical expert group Long-term preservation section Working groups Working groups Working groups Working groups Working groups National Digital Library: development organisation
  6. 6. National Digital Library Back-end systems restricted materials unrestricted materials Europeana and other external systems National long-term preservation system library, archive, museum systems and other systems metadata submission information packages (object + metadata) metadata dissemination information packages metadata National user interface metadata search search object search object search Users
  7. 7. National Digital Library User Interface: operating principle <ul><li>Opens access to digital materials and services of libraries, archives and museums </li></ul><ul><li>One national view and institution-specific views (one installation with many views) </li></ul><ul><li>Metadata is indexed to the user interface, documents remain in the back-end systems </li></ul><ul><li>Indexes will replace online searches </li></ul><ul><li>Integration of services to the interface (booking, buying) </li></ul><ul><li>Social web features </li></ul><ul><li>To be piloted in 2010, available for all in 2011 </li></ul>
  8. 8. User interface: content <ul><li>Digital objects and reference data: pictures, documents, newspapers, studies, databases, videos and audio recordings </li></ul><ul><li>Public domain material available for all </li></ul><ul><li>Material which use requires identification </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Licensed material (e.g. e-magazines, databases) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Material with restricted display and use (e.g. archive material) </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. User interface: searchable content in 2011 <ul><li>1,3 million pages of newspapers </li></ul><ul><li>hundreds of thousands photographs and museum objects </li></ul><ul><li>1 million pages of archive material </li></ul><ul><li>50 million database references </li></ul><ul><li>licenced material: 300 000 e-books, 20 000 e magazines </li></ul>
  10. 10. Challenges <ul><li>Users – many target groups, user needs & user roles </li></ul><ul><li>Varying metadata </li></ul><ul><li>Harvesting </li></ul><ul><li>Integration of other external services into the user interface </li></ul><ul><li>Communication, discussion </li></ul><ul><li>Consensus between libraries, museums and archives </li></ul>
  11. 11. National Digital Library & Europeana Europeana National Digital Libraries: e.g. BAM,, Culturaitalia, CIDEC, National Digital Library of Finland Sectoral & Cross Sectoral Portals: Athena, Apenet, EFG, STERNA etc. Individual services of libraries, archives and museums
  12. 12. Europeana & National Digital Library of Finland <ul><li>What does the National Digital Library offer? </li></ul><ul><li>Interoperability </li></ul><ul><li>Content: all major, and a considerable number of minor, digital resources in the public domain from libraries, museums, archives and audio-visual archives to be harvested for Europeana </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainability of the national user interface and back-office systems </li></ul><ul><li>Political and strategic support </li></ul><ul><li>What does the Finnish National Digital Library get from Europeana? </li></ul><ul><li>Visibility </li></ul><ul><li>Context </li></ul><ul><li>Impact </li></ul>
  13. 13. Benefits of the National Digital Library Project <ul><li>improves availability of electronic information resources and makes their use easier </li></ul><ul><li>strengthens cooperation across organisational and sectoral borders </li></ul><ul><li>reduces overlapping expenses from digitisation and management, distribution and preservation of electronic material in libraries, archives and museums </li></ul><ul><li>improves interoperability, manageability and efficiency of processes </li></ul><ul><li>preserves the potential of cultural heritage material as a source for education, research, creative acctivity, business and general access to information far into the future </li></ul>
  14. 14. What is needed to make this all happen? <ul><li>National Digital Library of Finland is more than a common user </li></ul><ul><li>interface and a long term preservation system. </li></ul><ul><li>Its creation and maintenance require: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>national guidelines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>national coordination mechanisms & governance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>common procedures and standards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>sustainability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>good will, dialogue & capacity to change </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li> / kulttuuri / kulttuuripolitiikka / linjaukset, ohjelmat ja hankkeet </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Minna Karvonen </li></ul><ul><li>Secretary General/ National Digital Library </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Tapani Sainio </li></ul><ul><li>Planner </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>For more information